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Newcastle Upon Tyne photos from the World Atlas journey around ports in northern Europe

Newcastle Upon Tyne, England
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Newcastle upon Tyne, often shortened to Newcastle, is an important city in northeast England.

Situated on the north bank of the River Tyne, the city developed in the area that was the location of the Roman settlement called Pons Aelius, although it owes its name to the castle built here in 1080, by Robert II, Duke of Normandy, thus the name, Newcastle.

Newcastle was once an important center for the wool trade and it later became a major coal mining area. It eventually became one of the world's largest shipbuilding and ship-repairing centers. Those industries have since declined, and the city today is largely a business and cultural center.

Its main icons include (delicious) Newcastle Brown Ale, the Angel of the North (Britain's largest monument), the Sage Gateshead music center, and a stunning series of bridges including the Gateshead Millennium Bridge.

newcastle cathedral

This is the St. Nicholas Cathedral in Newcastle Upon Tyne.

newcastle england waterfront buildings

A small slice of waterfront buildings along the River Tyne.

rusty rita newcastle england

A close up of "Rusty Rita." See larger picture upper right.

angel of the north newcastle

Standing on a hill on the edge of the A9 freeway in Newcastle, England, the "Angel of the North," nicknamed "Rusty Rita" by the locals is Britain's largest sculpture, and world's largest angel. It's one of the most viewed pieces of art in the world, reportedly seen by an estimated 1 person per second, 90,000 people each day, and that adds up to 33 million people each year. It's 65 feet (20 meters) tall, and has a wingspan of 175 feet (54 meters).

the slug newcastle

On the edge of the River Tyne in Newcastle's sister city, Gateshead, stands the Sage Gateshead, a relatively new performing arts center. The locals call it "The Slug." I call it beautiful.

Gateshead Millennium Bridge

The stylish Gateshead Millennium Bridge helps move people across the River Tyne. It also swings open to allow ships of size to pass.

On the edge of Newcastle stand the remains of Hadrian's Wall. He was the eccentric Roman emperor determined to mark out his empire's boundaries, so in 122AD, he had a wall constructed across England. Its secondary purpose was to keep the aggressive Scottish out of his territory, and it was manned by sentries along its entire length. Even though it's nearly 2,000 years old, parts of it still remain.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.