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  5. England Timeline


England History Timeline

1300s continued

  • (1346) English claimed first land victory in northern France of Hundred Years' War
  • (1348) Black Death Plague ravished England; over 50% of population died
  • (1377) King Edward III died; Richard II (age 10) crowned King; Poll tax introduced
  • (1381) Peasant's Revolt against poll tax occurred
  • (1399) King Richard II forced to resign; Henry IV crowned King
  • (1404) Welsh hero, Owain Glyndwr, gained control of Wales; declared himself Prince of Wales
  • (1409) Welsh surrendered to England
  • (1413) King Henry IV died; Henry V new king
  • (1415) English defeated French at Battle of Agincourt
  • (1419) Henry V took control of Normandy, France
  • (1422) Henry V died; Son Henry VI (aged nine months) succeeded; council established to rule England
  • (1453) Final battle of Hundred Years' War occurred at Chatillon; War ended; England ousted from France
  • (1455) War of the Roses began between parties of Plantagenets and Lancastrians
  • (1471) Edward IV reclaimed crown from King Henry VI; Henry VI died
  • (1483) King Edward IV died; dispute occurred about rightful king; Richard III crowned King
  • (1485) Henry Tudor, descendent of Edward III, fought to take over English throne; King Richard III died during battle, Henry Tudor crowned King Henry VII; War of the Roses ended at Battle of Bosworth
  • (1492) Kings Henry VII of England and Charles VII of France negotiated Treaty of Etaples; Christopher Columbus discovered Bahamas
  • (1509) King Henry VII died; King Henry VIII crowned
  • (1513) English defeated Scots and French invasion at Battle of Flodden Field
  • (1533) King Henry VIII divorced Catherine of Aragon; married Anne Boleyn; Pope excommunicated Henry VIII from church
  • (1534) King Henry VIII formed Church of England
  • (1536) Anne Boleyn executed; Henry VIII married Jane Seymour
  • (1542) Scottish forces attacked England at Battle of Solway; King James V of Scotland died; daughter Mary crowned Queen of Scots
  • (1547) King Henry VIII died; Edward VI (age nine) became King
  • (1549) Book of common prayer introduced; First Act of Uniformity passed, banning Roman Catholic mass
  • (1553) King Edward VI died; Lady Jane Grey declared Queen of England for nine days; Mary I crowned Queen
  • (1558) French retook Calais; Queen Mary I died; Elizabeth I crowned Queen
  • (1559) Mary, Queen of Scots, claimed her royal right to the English throne
  • (1565) Walter Raleigh brought tobacco to England
  • (1567) Mary, Queen of Scots, abdicated, son James declared King
  • (1587) Queen Elizabeth I ordered execution of Mary, Queen of Scots, for treason
  • (1588) Spanish Armada sent to attack England; the English overwhelmingly defeated the Spanish fleet
  • (1593) William Shakespeare's first published work
  • (1600) East India Company established
  • (1603) Queen Elizabeth I died; James VI of Scotland became James I of England, first Stuart king
  • (1604) Kings James I of England and Philip III of Spain signed Treaty of London, war ended
  • (1605) Plan to blow up Parliament, the Gunpowder Plot, failed
  • (1614) Parliament called Addled Parliament for not passing one act during sitting; James I dissolved Parliament
  • (1620) Mayflower with Pilgrims arrived in America
  • (1621) Thirty Years War began (Protestants against Catholics)
  • (1625) King James I died; son Charles I crowned
  • (1640) Long Parliament sat (until 1660)
  • (1642) English Civil War began
  • (1645) Civil War ended, Charles I defeated
  • (1648) Second Civil War occurred
  • (1649) King Charles I tried for levying war; found guilty and was executed; son Charles II declared himself King
  • (1653 - 1658) Lord Cromwell ruled as Lord Protector
  • (1654) England declared war on Spain
  • (1660) Monarchy restored with King Charles II
  • (1665) Great Plague struck London; over 75,000 died
  • (1666) Great Fire of London destroyed more than 12,000 houses, 80 churches
  • (1685) King Charles II died; brother James, Duke of York, crowned King James II
  • (1688 - 1689) Glorious Revolution took place, King James II deposed by Parliament
  • (1689) William III and Mary II jointly crowned King and Queen of England
  • (1690) Battle of the Boyce occurred, King William III defeated armies of James II
  • (1691) King William III took control of Ireland
  • (1694) Queen Mary II died; Bank of England established
  • (1702) King William III died; Anne, daughter of James II, crowned Queen
  • (1707) Act of Union passed - united England and Scotland as Great Britain
  • (1714) Queen Anne died; George Ludwig, great grandson of James I became King George I, the first German-speaking monarch
  • (1720) The South Sea Bubble financial crisis struck
  • (1721) Whig politician, Robert Walpole, became first Prime Minister of Great Britain
  • (1727) King George I died; son, George II crowned new king
  • (1745) French defeated Great Britain and Austria at Battle of Fontenoy; Bonnie Prince Charlie, claimant to throne, defeated by King George II supporters
  • (1752) Gregorian calendar (also known as New Style) adopted by Britain and all British colonies
  • (1756) Seven Years' War began
  • (1760) King George II died; George III new king
  • (1763) Treaty of Paris ended Seven Years' War
  • (1770) British troops sent to American colonies; Boston Massacre occurred; British troops quickly removed from Boston
  • (1773) Colonists in America dumped chests of tea into sea protesting taxes (Boston Tea Party)
  • (1775) American Revolution began
  • (1776) American Declaration of Independence signed by thirteen colonies declaring break from Britain
  • (1781) American Revolution ended; America won its independence
  • (1801) Act of Union placed Ireland under British Parliament control
  • (1805) British defeated Napoleon's French fleet at Battle of Trafalgar
  • (1811) King George III deemed unfit to rule; son George, Prince of Wales, appointed Prince Regent
  • (1812 - 1815) War of 1812
  • (1811 - 1817) Luddite Movement occurred - rioting against unemployment due to Industrial Revolution; potato famine ravished Ireland
  • (1819) Factory Act banned child workers under nine
  • (1820) King George III died; George IV became king
  • (1829) Roman Catholic Relief Act passed, gave political rights to Catholics for loyalty to Protestant monarchy
  • (1830) King George IV died; succeeded by brother, Duke of Clarence, as King William IV
  • (1832) Great Reform Act passed, male property owners allowed to vote; cholera struck Britain, more than 20,000 died
  • (1834) Charles Babbage invented mechanical calculating machine - prototype for modern computer
  • (1837) King William IV died; his niece crowned Queen Victoria of Britain
  • (1845) Potato crops across Europe ruined
  • (1851) Great Exhibition took place - more than six million visited
  • (1854 - 1856) Britain victorious in Crimean War
  • (1863) First underground railway in London opened

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.