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Bosnia and Herzegovina History Timeline

1900's continued

  • (1994) US opened its embassy in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina; Bosnian Serbs rejected an international peace plan sponsored by the US, Russia, France, Britain and Germany; Bosnian forces defeated the Serbs near Bihac; rebel Serbs in Bosnia failed to keep pledge to release hundreds of UN peacekeepers; former U.S. President Jimmy Carter succeeded in getting Bosnia's warring factions to a temporary cease fire
  • (1994-95) NATO forces used depleted uranium shells against Bosnian Serb positions around Sarajevo
  • (1995) Srebrenica, safe haven, overrun by Bosnian Serb forces under General Ratko Mladic; despite the presence of Dutch UN troops, thousands of Bosnian Muslim men and boys massacred; NATO air strikes against Serb positions helped Muslim and Croat forces gain big territorial ground, expelled thousands of Serb civilians; Dayton Peace Agreement signed in Paris; created two entities of equal size, one for Bosnian Muslims and Croats, other for Serbs; international peacekeeping force deployed
  • (1996) Drazen Erdemovic, a Croat who fought for the Serbs, took part in the Srebrenica massacres; Erdemovic, first person to be convicted, sentenced five years in prison
  • (1997) Pope John Paul II visited Sarajevo; international conference in Bonn extended powers of high representative
  • (1998) First Bosnian Muslims and Croats convicted of war crimes in the Hague; new currency, the Konvertibilna Marka, entered into circulation in Bosnia-Herzegovina; national flag of Bosnia-Herzegovina adopted
  • (2000) Spasoje Tusevijak became prime minister of Bosnia; Milorad Dodik elected new Republic Srpska prime minister by the RS National Assembly
  • (2001) Ante Jelavic, the Croat representative in the collective presidency, dismissed as his party threatened to declare independent Croat republic; Bosnian Serb General Radislav Krstic found guilty of genocide in his role in the massacre of thousands of men and boys in Srebrenica; Krstic sentenced to 46 years; three senior Muslim generals indicted to face war crimes charges; Bosnian Serb nationalist party voted to expel all war crimes suspects, included wartime leader Radovan Karadzic
  • (2002) UK politician Paddy Ashdown became High Representative; nationalists won back power in federation presidential, parliamentary and local elections
  • (2003) Mirko Sarovic resigned after allegations of spying on international officials; High Representative Paddy Ashdown abolished Supreme Defense Council of Bosnian Serb republic; Borislav Paravac of Serb Democratic Party replaced Sarovic as Serb member of presidency
  • (2004) Celebrations marked the reopening of the rebuilt 16th century bridge at Mostar; NATO surrendered peacekeeping duties to Eufor, a European Union-led force]
  • (2005) Paddy Ashdown sacked Croat member of presidency Dragan Covic, who faced corruption charges; Ivo Miro Jovic appointed Croat member of presidency; Bosnian unit, with members from all three main ethnic groups, headed to Iraq to support forces of US led coalition; EU foreign ministers gave permission for Stabilization and Association Agreement
  • (2006) Christian Schwarz-Schilling took over as UN High Representative from Paddy Ashdown; International Court of Justice in The Hague began hearings in genocide case brought by Bosnia-Herzegovina against Serbia and Montenegro; 1995 Srebrenica massacre war crime trial held at the UN tribunal; Bosnia joined NATO's Partnership for Peace pre-membership program
  • (2007) International court of justice ruled that the 1995 Srebrenica massacre constituted genocide, Sebia cleared of direct responsibility; Miroslav Lajcak took over as High Representative; in protest to EU backed reforms, Nikola Spiric, resigned as prime minister
  • (2008) Former Bosnian Serb police chief, Stojan Zupljanin, arrested to stand trial for war crimes; former Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, arrested on war crimes charges
  • (2009) Valentin Inzko, Austrian diplomat, took over as High Representative; US Vice-President Joe Biden visited Bosnia, told local leaders to communicate; EU and US talks ended in failure; trail of former Bosnia Serb leader Radovan Karadzic began
  • (2010) Bosnian Serb Republic passed law making it easier to hold referendums on national issues; Bosnia war veterans protested proposed cuts in state benefits
  • (2011) Former Bosnian Serb commander, Ratko Miadic, arrested after 15 years in hiding

Bosnia and Herzegovina's Information

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Land Area 51,187 km2
Water Area 10 km2
Total Area 51,197km2 (#125)
Population 3,861,912 (#129)
Population Density 75.45/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $42.53 Billion
GDP Per Capita $11,000
Currency Marka (BAM)
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