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Bosnia and Herzegovina History Timeline

1900's continued

  • (1994) US opened its embassy in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina; Bosnian Serbs rejected an international peace plan sponsored by the US, Russia, France, Britain and Germany; Bosnian forces defeated the Serbs near Bihac; rebel Serbs in Bosnia failed to keep pledge to release hundreds of UN peacekeepers; former U.S. President Jimmy Carter succeeded in getting Bosnia's warring factions to a temporary cease fire
  • (1994-95) NATO forces used depleted uranium shells against Bosnian Serb positions around Sarajevo
  • (1995) Srebrenica, safe haven, overrun by Bosnian Serb forces under General Ratko Mladic; despite the presence of Dutch UN troops, thousands of Bosnian Muslim men and boys massacred; NATO air strikes against Serb positions helped Muslim and Croat forces gain big territorial ground, expelled thousands of Serb civilians; Dayton Peace Agreement signed in Paris; created two entities of equal size, one for Bosnian Muslims and Croats, other for Serbs; international peacekeeping force deployed
  • (1996) Drazen Erdemovic, a Croat who fought for the Serbs, took part in the Srebrenica massacres; Erdemovic, first person to be convicted, sentenced five years in prison
  • (1997) Pope John Paul II visited Sarajevo; international conference in Bonn extended powers of high representative
  • (1998) First Bosnian Muslims and Croats convicted of war crimes in the Hague; new currency, the Konvertibilna Marka, entered into circulation in Bosnia-Herzegovina; national flag of Bosnia-Herzegovina adopted
  • (2000) Spasoje Tusevijak became prime minister of Bosnia; Milorad Dodik elected new Republic Srpska prime minister by the RS National Assembly
  • (2001) Ante Jelavic, the Croat representative in the collective presidency, dismissed as his party threatened to declare independent Croat republic; Bosnian Serb General Radislav Krstic found guilty of genocide in his role in the massacre of thousands of men and boys in Srebrenica; Krstic sentenced to 46 years; three senior Muslim generals indicted to face war crimes charges; Bosnian Serb nationalist party voted to expel all war crimes suspects, included wartime leader Radovan Karadzic
  • (2002) UK politician Paddy Ashdown became High Representative; nationalists won back power in federation presidential, parliamentary and local elections
  • (2003) Mirko Sarovic resigned after allegations of spying on international officials; High Representative Paddy Ashdown abolished Supreme Defense Council of Bosnian Serb republic; Borislav Paravac of Serb Democratic Party replaced Sarovic as Serb member of presidency
  • (2004) Celebrations marked the reopening of the rebuilt 16th century bridge at Mostar; NATO surrendered peacekeeping duties to Eufor, a European Union-led force]
  • (2005) Paddy Ashdown sacked Croat member of presidency Dragan Covic, who faced corruption charges; Ivo Miro Jovic appointed Croat member of presidency; Bosnian unit, with members from all three main ethnic groups, headed to Iraq to support forces of US led coalition; EU foreign ministers gave permission for Stabilization and Association Agreement
  • (2006) Christian Schwarz-Schilling took over as UN High Representative from Paddy Ashdown; International Court of Justice in The Hague began hearings in genocide case brought by Bosnia-Herzegovina against Serbia and Montenegro; 1995 Srebrenica massacre war crime trial held at the UN tribunal; Bosnia joined NATO's Partnership for Peace pre-membership program
  • (2007) International court of justice ruled that the 1995 Srebrenica massacre constituted genocide, Sebia cleared of direct responsibility; Miroslav Lajcak took over as High Representative; in protest to EU backed reforms, Nikola Spiric, resigned as prime minister
  • (2008) Former Bosnian Serb police chief, Stojan Zupljanin, arrested to stand trial for war crimes; former Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, arrested on war crimes charges
  • (2009) Valentin Inzko, Austrian diplomat, took over as High Representative; US Vice-President Joe Biden visited Bosnia, told local leaders to communicate; EU and US talks ended in failure; trail of former Bosnia Serb leader Radovan Karadzic began
  • (2010) Bosnian Serb Republic passed law making it easier to hold referendums on national issues; Bosnia war veterans protested proposed cuts in state benefits
  • (2011) Former Bosnian Serb commander, Ratko Miadic, arrested after 15 years in hiding

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