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Bulgaria's Information

Flag of Bulgaria
Land Area 108,489 km2
Water Area 2,390 km2
Total Area 110,879km2 (#103)
Population 7,144,653 (#101)
Population Density 65.86/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $143.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $20,100
Currency Lev (BGN)
More Information Bulgaria
Largest Cities

Bulgaria rebuilt their military in the years following the victory, and subsequently found themselves involved in three separate wars. Unfortunately for the country, they ended up on the losing side of the second Balkan War as well as World War I.

Political unrest within the country was quick to set in, which in turn brought upon a royal authoritarian dictatorship led by Tsar Boris III.

As World War II came to light in the early 1940s, Bulgaria fought alongside the Axis powers, and once again found themselves on the losing side. Fortunately, the country refused to partake in Operation Barbarossa, saving its Jewish population from being transported to concentration camps.

By the 1950s there was a significant rise in the Bulgarian's standard of living, brought on by the destruction of the monarchic rule and a shift into a soviet-style economy.

However, in the late 1980s Bulgaria reconstructed itself into a parliamentary democracy, after the Communist Party resigned, and in June 1990 the nation's first free elections were held.

Despite the democratic shift and new constitution, Bulgaria's economy failed to thrive under the new conditions. And it wasn't until a reform package in 1997 was introduced that the country began to show signs of success.

In 2004 Bulgaria became a member of NATO, and then the European Union in 2007.

Tourism is a real growth industry here, and Europeans frequent the beautiful city of Sofia, the numerous historic sites, as well as the resorts and spas on the Black Sea coast. Not to mention, the Balkan and Rhodope Mountains are host to picturesque ski resorts.

And situated between the Balkans and Sradna Gora mountains is a unique place known as the Valley of Roses, which is responsible for 85% of the world's rose oil production.

For a few weeks towards the end of May through the beginning of June blossoms can be seen for miles, and you can bet that the aromatic scent from the roses makes the area surrounding the valley a desirable place to be.

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.

Bulgaria Trivia

What Languages Are Spoken In Bulgaria?

Bulgarian, an Indo-European language is the official language of Bulgaria and is spoken by a majority of the country’s population. The two main minority languages spoken in Bulgaria are Turkish and Romani. A number of foreign languages are spoken in Bulgaria. Russian is the most commonly spoken foreign language in the country. 35% of the country’s population claim to possess a workable knowledge of this language. English is the second most common foreign language in Bulgaria and is spoken by about 23% of Bulgarians. Italian and Spanish (12%) and French (9%) are the other popular foreign languages spoken in the country.

Languages Spoken In Bulgaria

What Kind of Government Does Bulgaria Have?

The prime minister of Bulgaria leads the government of the Republic of Bulgaria.

What Type Of Government Does Bulgaria Have?

What Continent is Bulgaria In?

The country of Bulgaria is located on the southeastern portion of the continent of Europe.

Which Continent Is Bulgaria In?

Which Is The Most Populous City In Bulgaria?

With a population of over 1.2 million, Sofia is Bulgaria's most populous city. It is also the country’s capital city. Sofia is located in the Sofia Valley where it is surrounded by the Vitosha and Balkan mountains.

What are the Biggest Cities in Bulgaria?

What is the tallest mountain in Bulgaria?

Musala in southwestern Bulgaria is the highest peak in the Balkans with an elevation of 9,596 feet above sea level

The Tallest Mountains In Bulgaria

Who Was the First Prime Minister of Bulgaria?

The first prime minister of Bulgaria was Andrey Lukanov, who was in office between November and December of 1990.

List of Bulgarian Prime Ministers

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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