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Belgium History Timeline

Belgium's Information

Flag of Belgium
Land Area 30,278 km2
Water Area 250 km2
Total Area 30,528km2 (#136)
Population 11,409,077 (#77)
Population Density 376.81/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Democracy Under A Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $509.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $44,900
Currency Euro (EUR)
More Information Belgium
Largest Cities


  • (2001) Belgium's Sabena Airlines declared bankruptcy
  • (2001) Head-on train crash killed eight, confusion between French-speaking and Flemish-speaking signalmen to blame
  • (2002) Euro replaced Belgian franc; legislation decriminalizing euthanasia enforced
  • (2002) Legislation decriminalizing euthanasia enforced
  • (2003) Legislation committed Belgium to closing its seven nuclear reactors by 2005, banned building new ones; government pledged to invest in renewable energy sources and gas
  • (2003) U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld warned that Belgium's role as NATO headquarters could be uncertain unless legislation that allowed Belgium courts to try foreigners for war and human rights crimes was changed
  • (2003) Liberals and Socialists agreed to govern in coalition with Verhofstadt as prime minister for a second term
  • (2003) Controversial legislation allowed Belgian courts to try foreigners for war and human rights crimes dropped
  • (2003) Antwerp diamond center opened its vaults after the weekend, discovered unknown burglars had stolen diamonds worth $100 million
  • (2004) High court ruled far-right Vlaams Blok racist, stripped it of funding and TV access rights, forced to disband; party re-established under new name, Vlaams Belang (Flemish Interest)
  • (2005) Federal Parliament approved draft of EU constitution
  • (2005) Reform pensions by government prompted nationwide strikes
  • (2006) Police raided army barracks and soldiers' homes as part of an investigation of extreme-right activists; many people arrested for alleged attacks aimed at Belgian institutions
  • (2007) Following the losses by the ruling coalition in the elections, Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt stayed on as caretaker while talks held on a new coalition
  • (2007) Belgium was without a government for 100 days
  • (2007) Guy Verhofstadt reappointed as premier to head interim government
  • (2008) After nine months of deadlock, a new government headed by Yves Leterme was sworn in
  • (2008) Agreement was reached with France and Luxembourg to rescue embattled Dexia Bank
  • (2008) Fortis Financial Group's holdings in Belgium and Luxembourg were rescued by French Bank BNP Paribus, which bought 75% of the group's share, created one of the continent's largest savings banks
  • (2008) Prime Minister Yves Leterme resigned amid scandal over rescue of Fortis Bank
  • (2009) Christian Democrat Herman Van Rompuy confirmed as prime minister by Lower House of Parliament of a coalition that was largely unchanged from his predecessor Yves Leterme's
  • (2009) Van Rompuy stepped down to take up a new post as President of the European Council; Leterme returned for second term as prime minister
2000s continued
  • (2010) After Flemish liberal Open VLD party quit five-party coalition in row over francophone voting rights in Flemish areas, the government collapsed
  • (2010) Early parliament elections held
  • (2010) Following elections, the Flemish separatist New Flemish Alliance became largest party in Flanders, the French Socialist Party won in Wallonia
  • (2010) King asked Johan Vande Lanotte to be mediator and resume government formation talks
  • (2011) Sudden, violent storm struck at Pukkelpop Music Festival, staging collapsed, screens fell, five killed, dozens injured
  • (2011) After one year without a government, deadlock continued on forming new coalition
  • (2011) Prime Minister Yves Leterme resigned to run for post at OECD (Organization for Econonic Cooperation and Development)
  • (2011) Agreement on three key points made, included division of power between French and Dutch-speaking countries
  • (2011) French-speaking Socialist leader Elio di Rupo appointed prime minister of a six-party coalition, ended 541 days with no government
  • (2011) EU leaders met in Brussels to tackle eurozone debt crisis
  • (2011) EU leaders reached three-pronged agreement to solve debt crisis, included boosting bailout fund, banks would have to raise more capital, banks holding Greek debt agreed to 50% loss
  • (2011) Gunman opened fire in the center Liege, killed at least four people, wounded 123
  • (2012) Shiite mosque near Brussles attacked with Momotov cocktail, imam died
  • (2012) Belgian bus crash in Swiss tunnel killed 28, 22 of them were children
  • (2012) Belgian military bomb squad investigated suspicious vehicle outside United States Embassy in Brussels

Belgium Trivia

What type of government does Belgium have?

Belgium has a representative democratic, constitutional monarchy. The Prime Minister of the country serves as the head of government. The Belgian Parliament has two chambers, the Senate and the Chamber of Representatives. The Parliament and the government exercise the federal legislative power. The executive power is vested in the Government. The King of the Belgians is the head of state.

What Type Of Government Does Belgium Have?

What is the Largest Religion in Belgium?

While most Belgians are Roman Catholic, the country has significant numbers of Muslims and atheists, especially in major urban areas.

Major Religions in Belgium

What are the major rivers of Belgium?

The Meuse River is the largest river to pass through Belgium. Other major rivers include Scheldt River, Oise River, Semois River, and Leie River.

Major Rivers Of Belgium

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Belgium?

Belgium has a wealth of natural resources including fertile land, coal, carbonates, limestone, black marble, fir trees, diamonds, zinc, lead, iron, and silica.

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Belgium?

What is the most populated city in Belgium?

Brussels is by far the most populous metropolitan area in Belgium, and is also the capital city. Approximately 1,789,447 people live throughout the entire metropolitan area.

Biggest Cities In Belgium

When Did Belgium Become a Country?

Belgium’s independence was stimulated by the Belgian Revolution which occurred on 25th August 1830.

When Did Belgium Become A Country?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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