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Azerbaijan History Timeline

Azerbaijan's Information

Flag of Azerbaijan
Land Area 82,629 km2
Water Area 3,971 km2
Total Area 86,600km2 (#111)
Population 9,872,765 (#91)
Population Density 119.48/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $166.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $17,700
Currency Manat (AZN)
More Information Azerbaijan
Largest Cities


  • (2000) Assassination attempt on Karabakh President Arkadiy Gukasian failed
  • (2000) Samvel Babayan, Karabakh's former defense minister, jailed for 14 years for masterminding attack
  • (2001) Azerbaijan became full member of Council of Europe, council officials criticized it over human rights record
  • (2001) U.S-brokered talks on Nagorno-Karabakh held between Azerbaijani and Armenian presidents, ended without results
  • (2001) U.S lifted aid band imposed during Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
  • (2001) Azerbanijan provided airspace and intelligence after September 11 attacks
  • (2001) Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey reached agreement on oil and gas pipelines linking Caspian fields with Turkey
  • (2002) Pope John Paul II made first visit to Azerbaijan, appealed for an end to religious wars
  • (2002) Construction work started on multi-billion-dollar pipeline to carry Caspian oil from Azerbaijan to Turkey via Georgia
  • (2002) Azerbaijan and Armenia presidents agreed to seek a peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
  • (2003) President Aliyev appointed son, Ilham, prime minister
  • (2003) Ilham Aliyev won landslide victory in presidential elections; opposition protest met with police violence
  • (2005) Azerbaijan officials opened the first section of a $3.6 billion, 1,100 mile pipeline
  • (2005) Ruling new Azerbaijan party won parliamentary elections; police used violence to disperse opposition protestors demanding a rerun
  • (2005) Armenia stated that Azerbaijan stockpiled more arms than permitted by treaty
  • (2005) Azerbaijan airline crashed on Caspian Sea coast, all aboard killed
  • (2006) Presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan negotiated one-on-one ways to end 18-year conflict over enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, reached no conclusion and planned more talks
  • (2006) Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline formally opened
  • (2006) Authorities cut off broadcasts from Azerbaijan's first independent television station, ordered the eviction of opposition newspapers and organizations
  • (2007) Azerbaijan state oil company stopped pumping oil to Russia due to energy prices
  • (2007) Russian President Vladimir Putin offered U.S. use of Russian-leased Qabala radar station in Azerbaijan as alternative to U.S. plan to build missile defense system in Europe
  • (2007) Presidents of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey launched construction of a railroad linking ex-soviet republics in the Caucasus and Central Asia with Europe, bypassing Russia
  • (2008) Azerbaijan and Armenia had worst fight in recent years in Nagorno-Karabakh, left several dead on each side
  • (2008) Azerbaijan allowed Russian cargo of nuclear heat-isolating equipment to cross into Iran after holding it up for a month
  • (2008) Ilham Aliyev won second term as president
  • (2008) Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to intensify talks to end 20-year conflict over the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh
  • (2008) Lawmakers voted to back President Ilham Aliev's request to withdraw the 150 troops serving as part of the U.S.-led coalition in Iraq
  • (2009) Referendum initiative to abolish a law limiting the president to two terms passed with nearly 92% of the vote; President Ilham Aliyev would be allowed to stand for a third time
2000s continued
  • (2009) Farda Gadyrov opened fire at oil industry academy in Baku, killed 12 and wounded 13, killed himself
  • (2009) European Union extended its hand to Azerbaijan and five other ex-Soviet republics
  • (2009) UN human rights expert asked Azerbaijan to stop curbing free speech and protect journalists from harassment, violence and murder
  • (2010) Azerbaijan lawmakers revised country's media laws to forbid journalists from filming, recording or photographing subjects without permission
  • (2010) Turkey and Azerbaijan signed long awaited deal on transit of gas to Europe, crucial to reduce the continent's dependence on Russian gas
  • (2010) In parliamentary elections, opposition condemned the cementing of President President Ilham Aliyev's grip on power, said it was a charade and that results had already been decided
  • (2010) International vote monitors said Azerbaijan's parliamentary elections were flawed due to ballot box stuffing and uneven playing field for candidates
  • (2010) Soldier at military base went on rampage killing seven teenage soldiers, then himself
  • (2011) Armenia and Azerbaijan presidents failed to approved basic principles for peaceful settlement to the long-standing dispute over Nagorno-Karabakh
  • (2011) Leaders from eight former Soviet states met in Tajikistan to celebrate cooperation over two decades since their nations had gained independence; acrimony and recriminations cast shadows over the event
  • (2011) Azerbaijan snipers fired into disputed area of Nagorno-Karabakh, killed two Armenian soldiers
  • (2011) Armenia said it would retaliate for the killings of the two soldiers
  • (2012) Israel confirmed $1.6 billion in deals to sell Azerbaijan drones, anti-aircraft and missle defense systems
  • (2012) 22 Azerbaijan citizens were arrested on suspicion of plotting attacks on U.S. and Israeli embassies in Baku on behalf of Iran
  • (2012) Eurovisian Song Contest held in Azerbaijan, anti-government protests held at the same time
  • (2012) Armenian-Azeraijani conflicts arose after Azerbaijan gave a pardon and hero's welcome to army officer who had been jailed in Hungary for killing an Armenian
  • (2013) President Aliyev won third five-year term in presidential elections
  • (2014) Armenian and Azerbaijan troops clased near Nagorno-Karabakh region as the countries' foreign ministers met

Azerbaijan Trivia

How Much of Azerbaijan is in Europe?

Approximately 2,687.27 square miles of Azerbaijan lies within Europe.

Is Azerbaijan in Europe?

What Languages are Spoken in Azerbaijan?

Azerbaijani, the official language of Azerbaijan, is spoken by more than 90% of the population of the country.

What Languages Are Spoken In Azerbaijan?

What is the biggest city in Azerbaijan?

Baku is the largest and the capital city of Azerbaijan.

The Largest Cities In Azerbaijan

What Kind of Government Does Azerbaijan Have?

Azerbaijan is a semi-presidential republic where the president is the head of state, and the prime minister is the head of government.

What Type Of Government Does Azerbaijan Have?

What is the Capital of Azerbaijan?

Baku is the political, economic, and cultural capital of Azerbaijan.

What Is the Capital City of Azerbaijan?

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Azerbaijan?

Azerbaijan is endowed with a great wealth of natural resources including minerals, arable land, water, and the nation's beautiful scenery.

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Azerbaijan?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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