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Azerbaijan History Timeline


  • (2000) Assassination attempt on Karabakh President Arkadiy Gukasian failed
  • (2000) Samvel Babayan, Karabakh's former defense minister, jailed for 14 years for masterminding attack
  • (2001) Azerbaijan became full member of Council of Europe, council officials criticized it over human rights record
  • (2001) U.S-brokered talks on Nagorno-Karabakh held between Azerbaijani and Armenian presidents, ended without results
  • (2001) U.S lifted aid band imposed during Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
  • (2001) Azerbanijan provided airspace and intelligence after September 11 attacks
  • (2001) Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey reached agreement on oil and gas pipelines linking Caspian fields with Turkey
  • (2002) Pope John Paul II made first visit to Azerbaijan, appealed for an end to religious wars
  • (2002) Construction work started on multi-billion-dollar pipeline to carry Caspian oil from Azerbaijan to Turkey via Georgia
  • (2002) Azerbaijan and Armenia presidents agreed to seek a peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
  • (2003) President Aliyev appointed son, Ilham, prime minister
  • (2003) Ilham Aliyev won landslide victory in presidential elections; opposition protest met with police violence
  • (2005) Azerbaijan officials opened the first section of a $3.6 billion, 1,100 mile pipeline
  • (2005) Ruling new Azerbaijan party won parliamentary elections; police used violence to disperse opposition protestors demanding a rerun
  • (2005) Armenia stated that Azerbaijan stockpiled more arms than permitted by treaty
  • (2005) Azerbaijan airline crashed on Caspian Sea coast, all aboard killed
  • (2006) Presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan negotiated one-on-one ways to end 18-year conflict over enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, reached no conclusion and planned more talks
  • (2006) Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline formally opened
  • (2006) Authorities cut off broadcasts from Azerbaijan's first independent television station, ordered the eviction of opposition newspapers and organizations
  • (2007) Azerbaijan state oil company stopped pumping oil to Russia due to energy prices
  • (2007) Russian President Vladimir Putin offered U.S. use of Russian-leased Qabala radar station in Azerbaijan as alternative to U.S. plan to build missile defense system in Europe
  • (2007) Presidents of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey launched construction of a railroad linking ex-soviet republics in the Caucasus and Central Asia with Europe, bypassing Russia
  • (2008) Azerbaijan and Armenia had worst fight in recent years in Nagorno-Karabakh, left several dead on each side
  • (2008) Azerbaijan allowed Russian cargo of nuclear heat-isolating equipment to cross into Iran after holding it up for a month
  • (2008) Ilham Aliyev won second term as president
  • (2008) Armenia and Azerbaijan agreed to intensify talks to end 20-year conflict over the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh
  • (2008) Lawmakers voted to back President Ilham Aliev's request to withdraw the 150 troops serving as part of the U.S.-led coalition in Iraq
  • (2009) Referendum initiative to abolish a law limiting the president to two terms passed with nearly 92% of the vote; President Ilham Aliyev would be allowed to stand for a third time
2000s continued
  • (2009) Farda Gadyrov opened fire at oil industry academy in Baku, killed 12 and wounded 13, killed himself
  • (2009) European Union extended its hand to Azerbaijan and five other ex-Soviet republics
  • (2009) UN human rights expert asked Azerbaijan to stop curbing free speech and protect journalists from harassment, violence and murder
  • (2010) Azerbaijan lawmakers revised country's media laws to forbid journalists from filming, recording or photographing subjects without permission
  • (2010) Turkey and Azerbaijan signed long awaited deal on transit of gas to Europe, crucial to reduce the continent's dependence on Russian gas
  • (2010) In parliamentary elections, opposition condemned the cementing of President President Ilham Aliyev's grip on power, said it was a charade and that results had already been decided
  • (2010) International vote monitors said Azerbaijan's parliamentary elections were flawed due to ballot box stuffing and uneven playing field for candidates
  • (2010) Soldier at military base went on rampage killing seven teenage soldiers, then himself
  • (2011) Armenia and Azerbaijan presidents failed to approved basic principles for peaceful settlement to the long-standing dispute over Nagorno-Karabakh
  • (2011) Leaders from eight former Soviet states met in Tajikistan to celebrate cooperation over two decades since their nations had gained independence; acrimony and recriminations cast shadows over the event
  • (2011) Azerbaijan snipers fired into disputed area of Nagorno-Karabakh, killed two Armenian soldiers
  • (2011) Armenia said it would retaliate for the killings of the two soldiers
  • (2012) Israel confirmed $1.6 billion in deals to sell Azerbaijan drones, anti-aircraft and missle defense systems
  • (2012) 22 Azerbaijan citizens were arrested on suspicion of plotting attacks on U.S. and Israeli embassies in Baku on behalf of Iran
  • (2012) Eurovisian Song Contest held in Azerbaijan, anti-government protests held at the same time
  • (2012) Armenian-Azeraijani conflicts arose after Azerbaijan gave a pardon and hero's welcome to army officer who had been jailed in Hungary for killing an Armenian
  • (2013) President Aliyev won third five-year term in presidential elections
  • (2014) Armenian and Azerbaijan troops clased near Nagorno-Karabakh region as the countries' foreign ministers met

Azerbaijan's Information

Flag of Azerbaijan
Land Area 82,629 km2
Water Area 3,971 km2
Total Area 86,600km2 (#111)
Population 9,872,765 (#91)
Population Density 119.48/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $166.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $17,700
Currency Manat (AZN)
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