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Austria

Austria's Information

Flag of Austria
Land Area 82,445 km2
Water Area 1,426 km2
Total Area 83,871km2 (#112)
Population 8,711,770 (#94)
Population Density 105.67/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $417.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $47,900
Currency Euro (EUR)
More Information Austria
Largest Cities

In May of 1934, Doffluss declared martial law to protect Austria from Hitler, so Hitler had Dollfuss assassinated in a Nazi coup attempt. His successor, Kurt Schuschnigg, struggled hard to keep Austria independent, but to no avail.On March 12, 1938, German troops marched into Austria. The country ceased to exist as an independent state as it was incorporated into Hitler's German Reich.

Jewish Austrians were the first target of the Nazi troops; their assets were stripped and nearly 65,000 became victims of the Holocaust. Fortunately about 150,000 Jews survived by fleeing the country.

After the end of World War II in 1945, Austria was restored to its 1937 borders and divided and governed by the victorious American, British, French and Soviet allies.

On 15 May 1955, after years of tensions and independence talks which lasted for years, Austria regained its full independence by signing the Austrian State Treaty with the Four Occupying Powers.

On October 26, 1955, the Austrian Federal Assembly passed a constitutional article in which "Austria declares of her own free will her perpetual neutrality." It has slightly flexed on that assertion over the years, but still does not allow foreign military bases within its borders.

Because of its location near the "Iron Curtain", Austria soon developed into a nerve center between the West and the East. After the 1956 Hungarian Revolution and the 1968 Prague Spring Invasion, Austria grants asylum to the refugees of those conflicts.

Today, Austria is the host country of many international organizations (UNO, OPEC) as well as host of many important conference and summit meetings. After the 'Iron Curtain fell' in 1989/90, Austria became a member of the European Union in 1995.

Austria is today one of the continent's most influential countries in both economic and political issues, and over the last fifty years it has transformed itself into a major tourism destination.

And it is certainly safe to say that no one country can match the musical resume of Austria. It's the homeland of legendary composers like Brahms, Haydn, Mahler, Mozart, Schubert and the Strausses - both father and son. Also, German-born Ludwig van Beethoven lived in Vienna for most of his adult life.

The biography of Austria includes the Viennese Waltz, Vienna Boys Choir and dancing Lipizzaner horses, and when combined with an abundance of natural beauty, cosmopolitan and historic cities, the Danube River Valley, classical music festivals, and of course - world class Alpine skiing and resorts, Austria paints a very pleasant picture, indeed.

This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.

Austria Trivia

What Languages are Spoken in Austria?

Austrian German is the official language of Austria, while Alemannic and Austro-Bavarian are the major unofficial languages.

What Language Is Spoken In Austria?

What is the Capital of Austria?

Vienna is the capital city of the Austria and is also the largest city in the country with a population of 1.8 million people. The city is one of the most important cities in the European Union, hosting the headquarters of many international organizations. Vienna has a rich history and has fully embraced modernization. The city is famed for its high quality of life.

What Is The Capital Of Austria?

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Austria?

Austria has a wealth of natural resources including arable land, forests, fish, minerals, wind, and beautiful scenery.

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Austria?

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Austria?

Ethnic Austrians comprise the most populous ethnic group in the nation of Austria today. Other major ethnic groups include Turks, Germans, Serbs, and Slovenes.

Ethnic Groups in Austria

What is the Biggest City in Austria?

Vienna, the capital of Austria, is the most heavily populated city in the country with a population of 1,840,573 individuals.

The Biggest Cities In Austria

What is the Major Religion in Austria?

Roman Catholicism is the oldest and most predominant religious faith in Austria with a 61% of the total population identify with the faith. The atheist population in Austria stands at approximately 12% of the country’s population.

Religious Beliefs in Austria

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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