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Asia History Timeline

Asia Timeline:

BC

  • (12000 BC - 6000 BC) Permanent settlements form across Asia and the Middle East
  • (5000 BC) Wheel and plow invented
  • (2200 BC) Xia dynasty formed in China
  • (1867 BC) Babylon founded by Amorite dynasty
  • (1200-1050 BC) Collapse of the Bronze Age
  • (1000 BC) First irrigation systems constructed
  • (600 BC) Babylon conquered; Cyrus the Great creates the Persian Empire
  • (334 BC) Army of Alexander the Great crosses through Central Asia
  • (200 BC) The Silk Road trade routes established
  • (100 BC) The Yayoi migrate to Japan, import rice and iron, as well as a new language and religion
  • (100 BC) Buddhism introduced

50 AD - 1200's

  • (50 AD) Christianity emerges
  • (320 - 467) Gupta Empire reigns across India
  • (634) Series of Muslim conquests begins; Arab empire founded
  • (759 - 1258) Baghdad becomes capital of Arab-Islamic empire; Middle East sees period of success
  • (800) Varingian Rus arrive in present day Russia
  • (1147) Moscow founded in Russia
  • (1206 - 1368) Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire overpowers much of Asia
  • (1299) The Ottoman Empire rises above the weakened Byzantine Empire

1300's - 1800's

  • (1368) Great Wall of China reconstructed as a more elaborate structure
  • (1370 - 1405) Timur conquers West, South and Central Asia
  • (1421) Forbidden City constructed in Beijing
  • (1467) Civil war erupts in Japan; country split amongst feudal lords
  • (1526) Mughal Empire founded
  • (1556) Earthquake in Shaanxi, China kills approximately 830,000
  • (1592) Japan invades Korea
  • (1573) Mongolia begins conversion to Buddhism
  • (1600) Chinese Empire becomes largest in the world
  • (1601) Famine in Russia kills 2 million
  • (1652-1689) Russian–Manchu border conflicts
  • (1689) Russia and China sign border treaty
  • (1757) East India Company rules much of India
  • (1801) China's population reaches 295 million
  • (1842) Britain seizes Shanghai
  • (1877) More than 9 million parish due to famine in colonial India

1900's

  • (1901) Oil discovered in Iran
  • (1904) Russo-Japanese War
  • (1904) British troops occupy Tibet
  • (1912) China adopts Gregorian calendar
  • (1914) World War I begins
  • (1917) Russian Revolution; Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicated
  • (1920) Gandhi leads first movement
  • (1922) Soviet Union formed; 15 republics united
  • (1924) Joseph Stalin succeeds Lenin in commanding the Soviet Union
  • (1939) World War II begins
  • (1953) 1.2 million prisoners released after the death of Stalin
  • (1957) Soviet Union launches first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, into space
  • (1959) Tibetan uprising against Chinese occupation
  • (1961) Soviet Union builds wall dividing East and West Berlin

1900's continued

  • (1962) Sino-Indian War against China and India over disputed border
  • (1978) Japan and China sign peace treaty
  • (1980) China's population reaches 1 billion
  • (1991) Central Asian states declare independence; Soviet Union dissolves
  • (1991) The Gulf War begins in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait
  • (1992 - 1997) Tajikistan Civil War
  • (1993) Oslo I agreement signed setting up Israeli-Palestinian Peace settlement
  • (1994) Kim Jong-il assumes control of North Korea
  • (1996) China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan form Shanghai Cooperation Organization

2000's

  • (2003) Yang Liwei becomes first man in space as part of the Chinese space program
  • (2003) SARS outbreak hits south China
  • (2003) The US, United Kingdom, Australia and Poland invade Iraq; Sadam Hussein removed from power
  • (2004) An undersea earthquake shakes the Indian Ocean causing a devastating tsunami to hit Indonesia, as well as Sri Lanka, India and Thailand
  • (2008) Olympics held in Beijing, China
  • (2010) Arab Spring brings major protests, uprisings and revolutions to several Middle Eastern countries
  • (2010) Thousand evacuated after Mount Merapi volcano erupts in Indonesia
  • (2011) 9.0 magnitude earthquake hits off the coast of Tohoku, Japan, spawns powerful tsunami waves
  • (2011) Kim Jong-il dies, son named new leader of North Korea
  • (2011-2012) Syrian uprising; thousands of citizens protest for the overthrow of the government; widespread marches, hunger strikes, rioting, and vandalism

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on September 19, 2016.