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Vietnam History Timeline

1900s continued
  • (1970) USA national security advisor Henry Kissinger, and Le Duc Tho of Hanoi government, began talks in Paris
  • (1973) Paris Peace Agreements reached
  • (1973) USA began withdrawing troops following agreement, war continued in the South
  • (1975) Communists captured Saigon, over 65,000 South Vietnamese killed
  • (1975) South Vietnam surrendered to North Vietnam; Saigon renamed Ho Chi Minh City
  • (1975) First group of "boat people" began arriving in Malaysia
  • (1976) Socialist Republic of Vietnam officially proclaimed
  • (1976) Vietnamese Works Party renamed Vietnam Communist Party
  • (1977) Vietnam joined United Nations
  • (1979) Vietnam invaded Cambodia, ousted Khmer Rouge regime of Communist leader Pol Pot
  • (1979) Chinese troops crossed Vietnam's northern border, repelled by Vietnamese forces
  • (1979) "Boat people" fleeing Vietnam caused international concerns
  • (1984) Chinese launched attacks against Vietnam
  • (1986) Nguyen Van Linh became party leader, introduced program of social, market reforms and more liberal economic policy
  • (1987) First tourists visited the country
  • (1987) China stationed nine armies on Sino-Vietnamese border region, increased landing craft fleet
  • (1988) Over 70 Vietnamese sailors killed in clashes with Chinese troops over Spratly Islands
  • (1989) Vietnamese troops withdrew from Cambodia
  • (1991) Relationships normalized with China
  • (1992) New constitution adopted, allowed certain economic freedoms
  • (1993) Border crossings for trade with China were opened
  • (1993) USA and Vietnam worked together to recover remains of American soldiers missing since the war
  • (1994) USA lifted 30-year trade embargo
  • (1995) Vietnam and USA restored full diplomatic relations
  • (1995) Vietnam joined Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • (1997) La Kha Phieu became leader of Communist Party of Vietnam, Tran Duc Luong chosen president, Pahn Van Khai became prime minister
  • (1997) Typhoon Linda left nearly 3,400 dead, over 1,000 missing in fishing boats
  • (1998) Pham The Duyet, senior party member, charged with corruption
1900s continued
  • (1998) Asian financial crisis caused slump in economy
  • (1999) After calling for more democracy and freedom of expression, Tran Do, former high-ranking party member, was expelled
  • (1999) Corruption trial against 77 defendants began, included bankers and business executives from Minh Phung and Epco companies colluded with bankers to obtain huge loans, costs to government were over $280 million
  • (2000) Major flooding killed over 300 people, caused over $200 million in damages, severe poverty and hunger
  • (2000) During official visit, USA President Bill Clinton, pledged more help to clear landmines left from war; nearly 40,000 people killed by unexploded munitions
  • (2000) Liberal companies law established, 54,000 new private businesses began over next three years
  • (2001) Nong Duc Manh chosen as new Communist Party leader
  • (2001) US, Vietnam implemented trade agreement normalizing trade between them
  • (2002) Russia returned Cam Ranh Bay Naval Base
  • (2002) National Assembly reappointed President Tran Duc Luong for second term, Prime Minister Phan Van Khai reappointed for second five-year term
  • (2004) First USA commercial flight since end of Vietnam war landed in Ho Chi Minh City
  • (2005) All poultry raising in Ho Chi Minh City banned to limit risk of bird flu

Vietnam's Information

Flag of Vietnam
Land Area 310,070 km2
Water Area 21,140 km2
Total Area 331,210km2 (#65)
Population 95,261,021 (#14)
Population Density 307.22/km2
Government Type Communist State
GDP (PPP) $595.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $6,400
Currency Dong (VND)
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