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Travel to Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan's Information

Flag of Turkmenistan
Land Area 469,930 km2
Water Area 18,170 km2
Total Area 488,100km2 (#52)
Population 5,291,317 (#119)
Population Density 11.26/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic; Authoritarian
GDP (PPP) $94.72 Billion
GDP Per Capita $17,300
Currency Manat (TMT)
More Information Turkmenistan
Largest Cities

ATTRACTIONS: (a few major)

Though most visits to Turkmenistan are business related, there are many important points-of-interest for any traveler.

The country's main entry point is Ashgabat, the capital city. Its major attractions include a collection of museums, and a colorful carpet factory and museum; be advised that NO permit is required to export your purchase.

Across the country important archeological sites include the Parthian Fortress of Nisa; the Turabeg Khanym Mausoleum in Dashkhovuz: Dekhistan Oasis; Geok-Depe Fortress; the Mausoleum of Abu-Said Mayhene in Abiverd, near the Sarakh oasis; the Bronze Age treasures at the Mary Museum, and Merv, a one-time stop on the ancient Silk Road, and site of relics and ruins from many cultures.

Note: The Government of Turkmenistan has designated certain areas of the country as 'restricted zones,' including border areas next to Iran, Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, the city and region of Dashoguz, and areas of the Caspian coast. Travel to these areas is forbidden without prior permission from the Government of Turkmenistan.


  • Calling Code: 993
  • Electricity: 220V, 50Hz
  • Drive on the: Right
  • Times to Travel: Most visitors to Turkmenistan prefer the Spring and Autumm seasons.

    Turkmenistan's climate is continental, with extremely hot summers when temperatures can exceed 104° F (40° C) The winters are very cold and temperatures can drop to below -4° F (-20%deg; C).

    There is no distinct rainy season in Turkmenistan, and rainfall is quite rare.



  • NOTE: Before making your travel plans to any worldwide destination, we strongly recommend you authenticate important details regarding all applicable health, passport and visa requirements. The people at Travel Visa Pro can answer all of your questions!
  • Turkmenistan Travel Advice and Warnings
This page was last updated on November 22, 2017.

Turkmenistan Trivia

What is the Culture of Turkmenistan Like?

Turkmenistan is a country located in Central Asia, formerly known as Turkmenia. The capital city is Ashgabat, and even though the official language in the state is Turkmen, Russian is spoken by a majority of the population living in the urban areas. The state has a total area of about 189,660 square miles, and the population was estimated at 5,662,544 in 2016. In 1995, Turkmenistan was declared a neutral state. The Turkmen people have been nomads and horsemen since ancient times.

The Culture Of Turkmenistan

What is the Door to Hell?

The Door to Hell refers to a surreal feature on the barren landscape of the Karakum Desert in Turkmenistan. The feature is a gaping crater on the surface of the land that was created by a mining miscalculation in a natural gas field.

The Darvaza Gas Crater: the Door to Hell

What is the Tallest Mountain in Turkmenistan?

The tallest mountain in Turkmenistan is Mount Damavand, which stands at 18,410 feet. The volcanic mountain is in the middle of the Elburz Range.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Turkmenistan

Where is the Karakum Desert?

The Karakum Desert is located in Turkmenistan, Central Asia. The desert covers an area of about 135,000 square miles which is about 70% of Turkmenistan's land area.

The Karakum Canal in Turkmenistan

Which Is The Most Popular Religion In Turkmenistan?

Islam is the religion of the majority in Turkmenistan. 89% of the country’s population adhere to this religion. Christianity is the next largest religion with 10% of the population affiliated to this religion.

Religion In Turkmenistan

What is the biggest city in Turkmenistan?

Ashgabat city is the largest city in Turkmenistan with a population of around 880,000 people.

The Biggest Cities In Turkmenistan

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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