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Turkey History Timeline

Turkey's Information

Flag of Turkey
Land Area 769,632 km2
Water Area 13,930 km2
Total Area 783,562km2 (#36)
Population 80,274,604 (#19)
Population Density 104.30/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $1,700.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $21,100
Currency Lira (TRY)
More Information Turkey
Largest Cities

In The News

About Turkey

  • (2000) Ahmet Necdet Sezer became new president
  • (2001) Turkey found guilty by European Court of Human Rights of violating Greek Cypriots' rights during occupation of northern Cyprus
  • (2001) Pro-Islamic Virtue Party banned by Constitutional Court for anti-secular activities
  • (2001) Former Virtue Party members established Saadet, a new pro-Islamist party
  • (2002) Women given same legal equality as men
  • (2002) Turkish, Greek governments agreed to build gas pipeline with Turkey supplying gas to Greece
  • (2002) Eight ministers resigned over Prime Minister Ecevit's refusal to step down amid growing economic and political turmoil
  • (2002) New political party dedicated to social democracy launched, membership in EU
  • (2002) Islamist Justice and Development Party won control of government; leadership pledged to uphold country's secular principles
  • (2003) Turkish parliament fails approval legislation to allow US forces to launch an attack on Iraq from Turkish soil, allowed US use of Turkish airspace
  • (2003) Turkish forces dispatched into Kurdish areas in northern Iraq
  • (2003) Earthquake in Bingol area kills more than 160, many schoolchildren trapped in dormitory
  • (2003) Car bombs near Istanbul's main synagogue killed 25, injured over 200
  • (2003) Two suicide bombings at British consulate and British bank killed 28
  • (2004) Turkey banned death penalty
  • (2004) First Kurdish-language program broadcast on state TV
  • (2004) Turkey signed protocol recognizing existence of Cyprus government, cleared the way to begin accession talks for full EU membership
  • (2005) New lira currency introduced
  • (2005) Bomb attack in east killed six, PKK blamed
  • (2005) EU membership negotiations officially launched
  • (2005) Multi-billon-dollar Blue Stream pipeline carrying Russian gas under the Black Sea to Turkey opened in the port of Samsun
  • (2006) Clashes between Kurdish protesters, security forces in southeast killed over a dozen people
  • (2006) Prominent judge killed, four wounded when gunman opened fire in court
  • (2006) Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline opened
  • (2006) Resorts and Istanbul targeted by bombers, Kurdistan Freedom Falcons claim responsibility
  • (2006) PKK declared unilateral cease fire
  • (2006) Due to Ankara's failure to open ports and airports to Cypriot traffic, EU partially froze membership talks
  • (2007) Prime Minister Erdogan pressured not to run in presidential elections due to Islamist background
  • (2007) AK Party's Abdullah Gul elected president
  • (2007) Six killed, more than 100 injured in bomb blast in Ankara
  • (2007) Parliament approved military operations to pursue Kurdish rebels in Iraq
  • (2007) In referendum, voters approved plan to elect future presidents by the people, not Parliament
  • (2007) Turkey launched air strikes on fighters from Kurdish PKK movement in Iraq
  • (2007) Two explosions in Istanbul's Gungoren community killed 15, injured more than 150
  • (2008) Protests held after Parliament approved constitutional amendment allowing women to wear Islamic headscarves to university
  • (2009) Legislation proposed AK party giving giving civilian courts the power to try military personnel for threatening national security or involvement in organized crime approved by President Abdullah Gul
  • (2009) At meeting in Switzerland, Turkey and Arminia governments agreed to normalize relations
  • (2009) Government introduces measures increasing Kurdish language rights and reduce military presence in southeast, part of "Kurdish initiative"
  • (2010) 70 members of military arrested over "Sledgehammer" plot, 33 officers charged with conspiring to overthrow government
  • (2010) Debates began in Parliament over proposed constitutional changes towards democracy
  • (2010) Relationship with Israel strained after nine Turkish activists killed in Israeli commando raid on aid flotilla attempting to reach Gaza
  • (2010) 196 people indicted by Istanbul court accused of plotting to overthrow government
  • (2010) Wikileaks website published confidential cables revealing France and Austria had been blocking Turkey's EU membership
  • (2010) Turkey barred Israeli military flight from Turkish airspace in retaliation for Israel's raid on aid convoy bound for Gaza
  • (2011) Ruling AKP party won general election, Prime Minister Ergodan began third term
  • (2011) Thousands of refugees poured into Turkey due to unrest in Syria
  • (2011) Following resignations of top military leaders, President Gul appointed new leaders
  • (2011) Military strikes by Turkey launched against Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq's mountains
  • (2011) 24 Turkish troops killed near Iraqi border by PKK rebels
  • (2011) Iran, Turkey agreed to cooperate to defeat Kurdish militants
  • (2011) Turkey's Kurdish minority staged protests against restrictions of their rights
  • (2011) Turkey expelled Israel's ambassador, senior diplomats over raid on Gaza-bound ship in 2010
  • (2011) Earthquake in eastern Turkey killed 279, injured 1,300, destroyed 970 buildings
  • (2011) Turkey threatens to cut electricity supply to Syria due to Syria's lethal crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrators
  • (2011) Turkish football corruption scandal investigated match fixing, bribery, organized crime; 61 arrested
  • (2011) Human chain more than 20 kilometers long against nuclear plant took place near Akkuyu
  • (2011) Turkish air strike kills 35 civilians near Iraq
  • (2012) Prime Minister Erdogan said bill passed by French parliament on mass killing of Armenians under Ottoman Rule was "racist" and "murdered freedom of thought"

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.