Page 2: South Korea Time Line Chronological Timetable of Events -

3000 BC - 50 BC
  • (3000 BC) Early civilization began with settlers from central Asia
  • (2333 BC) First Korean kingdom, Gojoseon, founded by Dangun 
  • (700 BC) Eastern Chinese immigrants brought new rice growing techniques
  • (171 BC) Major wave of migration from Japan to the Korean Peninsula brought metal tools, rice and new farming techniques
  • (108 BC) Gojoseon collapsed after conflicts with Han Dynasty, Proto-Three Kingdoms founded
  • (57 BC) Silla was founded
  • (37 BC) Goguryeo was founded
  • (57 BC) Baekje was founded
50s AD - 1600 AD
  • (57 - 668) Three Kingdoms of Korea dominated Korean Peninsula and part of Manchuria
  • (200) Laws were developed by the emerging states, new writing system using Chinese characters was created
  • (676) Three Kingdoms unified under Silla Dynasty
  • (828) Jang Bogo established Cheonghaejin as a major center of trade with Japan and China
  • (892) Silla Dynasty began to close control of parts of the peninsula
  • (935) Silla Dynasty weakened due to internal conflict, surrendered to Goryeo, became Ioseon Dynasty 
  • (1231) Mongol invasions began 
  • (1270) Peace treaty signed with Mongols 
  • (1392) Yi Dynasty began, country was renamed Choson
  • (1394) Seoul was founded
  • (1592) Japanese invaded Korea
  • (1627) First invasion by Manchu 
  • (1636) Second Manchu invasion
1800 - 1900
  • (1866) French invaded in retaliation for Korean execution of several French Catholic missionaries, burned more than 5,000 Korean manuscripts after raid on royal library
  • (1871) Diplomatic mission by U.S. turned into armed conflict over a misunderstanding, 200 Korean troops and three Americans were killed
  • (1897) Ioseon renamed Korean Empire, Emperor Gojong took control 
  • (1905) Japan annexed entire Korean Peninsula, Korean Empire became protectorate of Japan
  • (1909) Japanese Resident General of Korea was assassinated by An Jung-geun, a Korean independence activist 
  • (1910 - 1945) Japanese forced Koreans to adopt Japanese names; forbade use of Korean language, converted Koreans to Shinto religion
  • (1910) End of the Chosun Dynasty - Japanese deposed the royal family
  • (1919) Korea declared independence, held nation-wide peaceful demonstrations which were crushed by Japanese military and police forces

1900s continued

  • (1919) Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea established in Shanghai, China
  • (1919) Saito Makoto appointed Governor-General of Korea 
  • (1920) Battle of Qingshanli fought between Imperial Japanese Army and Korean guerrillas; considered to be great victory for Korea
  • (1932) Lee Bong-chang, Korean independence activist, attempted unsuccessfully to assassinate Japanese Emperor Hirohito with a hand grenade
  • (1932) Independence activist, Yun Bong Gil, bombed Japanese army celebration, two killed, injured several others; he was arrested at the scene
  • (1932) Yun Bong Gil executed for bombing incident 
  • (1939 - 1945) World War II 
  • (1945) World War II ended; Japan relinquished control of Korea to U.S. and Soviet Union
  • (1945) Korean Peninsula divided at 38th parallel, Soviets occupied north, U.S. occupied the south 
  • (1945) Peoples Republic of Korea was established with Yuh Woon-Hyung as leader
  • (1946) U.S. established United States Army Military Government; Peoples Republic was forcibly dissolved; Yuh Woon-Hyung was murdered
  • (1946) U.S.-USSR Joint-Commission was dissolved after impasse on formation of a Korean Government; Cold War began
  • (1948) Elections were held; Syngman Rhee was elected president
  • (1948) The Republic of Korea declared independence
  • (1950) Korean War began; forces from Communist North invaded South
  • (1950) President Truman authorized U.S. Air Force and Navy to enter the Korean conflict 
  • (1953) Korean Armistice Agreement ended Korean War; two million lives lost 
  • (1960) April Revolution started by student uprising protesting against election fraud; First Republic of South Korea overthrown

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