1. World Map/
  2. Page 2: South Korea Time Line Chronological Timetable of Events

Page 2: South Korea Time Line Chronological Timetable of Events

3000 BC - 50 BC
  • (3000 BC) Early civilization began with settlers from central Asia
  • (2333 BC) First Korean kingdom, Gojoseon, founded by Dangun 
  • (700 BC) Eastern Chinese immigrants brought new rice growing techniques
  • (171 BC) Major wave of migration from Japan to the Korean Peninsula brought metal tools, rice and new farming techniques
  • (108 BC) Gojoseon collapsed after conflicts with Han Dynasty, Proto-Three Kingdoms founded
  • (57 BC) Silla was founded
  • (37 BC) Goguryeo was founded
  • (57 BC) Baekje was founded
50s AD - 1600 AD
  • (57 - 668) Three Kingdoms of Korea dominated Korean Peninsula and part of Manchuria
  • (200) Laws were developed by the emerging states, new writing system using Chinese characters was created
  • (676) Three Kingdoms unified under Silla Dynasty
  • (828) Jang Bogo established Cheonghaejin as a major center of trade with Japan and China
  • (892) Silla Dynasty began to close control of parts of the peninsula
  • (935) Silla Dynasty weakened due to internal conflict, surrendered to Goryeo, became Ioseon Dynasty 
  • (1231) Mongol invasions began 
  • (1270) Peace treaty signed with Mongols 
  • (1392) Yi Dynasty began, country was renamed Choson
  • (1394) Seoul was founded
  • (1592) Japanese invaded Korea
  • (1627) First invasion by Manchu 
  • (1636) Second Manchu invasion
1800 - 1900
  • (1866) French invaded in retaliation for Korean execution of several French Catholic missionaries, burned more than 5,000 Korean manuscripts after raid on royal library
  • (1871) Diplomatic mission by U.S. turned into armed conflict over a misunderstanding, 200 Korean troops and three Americans were killed
  • (1897) Ioseon renamed Korean Empire, Emperor Gojong took control 
  • (1905) Japan annexed entire Korean Peninsula, Korean Empire became protectorate of Japan
  • (1909) Japanese Resident General of Korea was assassinated by An Jung-geun, a Korean independence activist 
  • (1910 - 1945) Japanese forced Koreans to adopt Japanese names; forbade use of Korean language, converted Koreans to Shinto religion
  • (1910) End of the Chosun Dynasty - Japanese deposed the royal family
  • (1919) Korea declared independence, held nation-wide peaceful demonstrations which were crushed by Japanese military and police forces

1900s continued

  • (1919) Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea established in Shanghai, China
  • (1919) Saito Makoto appointed Governor-General of Korea 
  • (1920) Battle of Qingshanli fought between Imperial Japanese Army and Korean guerrillas; considered to be great victory for Korea
  • (1932) Lee Bong-chang, Korean independence activist, attempted unsuccessfully to assassinate Japanese Emperor Hirohito with a hand grenade
  • (1932) Independence activist, Yun Bong Gil, bombed Japanese army celebration, two killed, injured several others; he was arrested at the scene
  • (1932) Yun Bong Gil executed for bombing incident 
  • (1939 - 1945) World War II 
  • (1945) World War II ended; Japan relinquished control of Korea to U.S. and Soviet Union
  • (1945) Korean Peninsula divided at 38th parallel, Soviets occupied north, U.S. occupied the south 
  • (1945) Peoples Republic of Korea was established with Yuh Woon-Hyung as leader
  • (1946) U.S. established United States Army Military Government; Peoples Republic was forcibly dissolved; Yuh Woon-Hyung was murdered
  • (1946) U.S.-USSR Joint-Commission was dissolved after impasse on formation of a Korean Government; Cold War began
  • (1948) Elections were held; Syngman Rhee was elected president
  • (1948) The Republic of Korea declared independence
  • (1950) Korean War began; forces from Communist North invaded South
  • (1950) President Truman authorized U.S. Air Force and Navy to enter the Korean conflict 
  • (1953) Korean Armistice Agreement ended Korean War; two million lives lost 
  • (1960) April Revolution started by student uprising protesting against election fraud; First Republic of South Korea overthrown

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas