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Russia History Timeline

Russia timeline


  • (1798 - 1814) Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars - Russia intervened
  • (1802) Paul I assassinated by nobles, his son Alexander I became czar
  • (1812) Napoleon invaded Russia
  • (1814) Napoleon was defeated
  • (1824) Russo-American Treaty gave Russian claims on Pacific Northwest coast of North America(Oregon), to the United States
  • (1825) Alexander I died, succeeded by Nicholas I
  • (1834 - 1859) Caucasian War - Russian forces faced resistance to their bid to annex North Caucasus
  • (1853 - 1857) Crimean War
  • (1853) Russia invaded Ottoman provinces of Wallachia and Moldavia
  • (1853) Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia
  • (1854) Britain and France declared war on Russia
  • (1855) Nicholas I died, son Alexander II became tsar
  • (1856) Treaty of Paris ended Crimean War
  • (1861) Alexander II issued Emancipation Edict ending serfdom
  • (1861) Rapid industrialization led to growth of working middle class, revolutionary ideas
  • (1867) United States bought Alaska from Russia
  • (1877 - 1878) Russo-Turkish War: Russia declared war on Ottoman Empire
  • (1878) Russia and Ottomans signed the Treaty of San Stefano ending Russo-Turkish War; several Slavic states, including MontenegroSerbiaRomaniaBulgariareceived independence or autonomy
  • (1881) Alexander II was assassinated, succeeded by son Alexander III
  • (1882) May Laws introduced by Alexander III, expelled Russian Jews from rural areas and small towns, restricted their access to education
  • (1884) Alexander III commissioned jeweler Carl Gustavovich Faberge to make Easter egg for the Empress
  • (1891) Severe famine affected nearly half of Russia's provinces, over 500,000 died
  • (1894) Alexander III died, succeeded by son Nicholas II
  • (1897) Russian Social Democratic Labor Party established by the Marxists


  • (1901) Socialist-Revolutionary Party founded
  • (1903) At second congress of Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, party split into two factions: Mensheviks and Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin
  • (1904) Japan launched a surprise torpedo attack on the Russian navy at Port Arthur, China
  • (1905) Demonstrators staged at Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg to present a petition to the tsar; Imperial Guard fired on the crowd, killed around 200, wounded 800
  • (1905) Tsar Nicholas II issued October Manifesto, which established Russia's first parliament (Duma)
  • (1906) Duma was dissolved by Tsar Nicholas II
  • (1907) Second Duma began
  • (1907) Second Duma dissolved
  • (1907) Tsar Nicholas II changed electoral laws, gave greater value to votes of nobility and landowners
  • (1907) Third Duma established
  • (1912) Lena gold fields massacre - Russian army fired on striking miners, killed 150
1900s continued
  • (1912) Third Duma ended
  • (1912) Fourth Duma began
  • (1914) World War I began in BalkansBritainFrance,Italy, Russia, JapanUSA fought against Austria,GermanyTurkey; 400,000 Russian soldiers died
  • (1917) Bolsheviks, led by Lenin and Leon Trotsky, overthrew government; workers and sailors captured government buildings and Winter Palace in St Petersburg; took over Moscow; Lenin became new leader
  • (1918) Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ended Russia's participation in World War I; relinquished Finland,EstoniaLatviaLithuaniaPolandBelarusUkraine; ceded all territory captured in Russo-Turkish War to Ottoman Empire
  • (1918) Tsar Nicholas II and family executed on orders from Lenin
  • (1918) Russia became Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
  • (1918) Lenin changed name of Bolshevik party to Russian Communist Party
  • (1918 - 1922) Civil War between Red Army and White Russians (anti-communists)
  • (1922) Russia became part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
  • (1924) Lenin died, succeeded by Joseph Stalin
  • (1924) Stalin and Thirteenth Party Congress denounced Trotsky and his faction
  • (1925) Trotsky forced to resign
  • (1929) Stalin became dictator of USSR
  • (1930) Gulag (government agency that administered forced labor camps) was established
  • (1933) USA and Russia established diplomatic relations
  • (1933) Sergei Kirov, Stalin's main advisor, was assassinated
  • (1933) Stalin began "great purge", sending thousands of communists to gulags
  • (1939) World War II began when Germany invadedPoland
  • (1939) Russian aviator, Igor Sikorsky, invented helicopter
  • (1941) Germans advanced into Russia, captured Vilnius, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas

Russia's Information

Flag of Russia
Land Area 16,377,742 km2
Water Area 720,500 km2
Total Area 17,098,242km2 (#1)
Population 142,355,415 (#9)
Population Density 8.69/km2
Government Type Semi-presidential Federation
GDP (PPP) $3,750.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $26,100
Currency Ruble (RUB)
More Information Russia

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Russia republics, administrative territories, administrative regions, autonomous districts, 0, autonomous cities & their capitals

Region Capital
Adygea Maykop
Altai Gorno-Altaysk
Altai Krai Barnaul
Amur Oblast Blagoveshchensk
Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangel'sk
Astrakhan Oblast Astrakhan'
Bashkortostan Ufa
Belgorod Oblast Belgorod
Bryansk Oblast Bryansk
Buryatiya Ulan-Ude
Chechnya Groznyy
Chelyabinsk Oblast Chelyabinsk
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Anadyr
Chuvashia Cheboksary
Dagestan Makhachkala
Ingushetia Magas
Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk
Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo
Jewish Autonomous Oblast Birobidzhan
Kabardino-Balkaria Nal'chik
Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad
Kalmykia Elista
Kaluga Oblast Kaluga
Kamchatka Krai Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Karachay-Cherkessia Cherkessk
Karelia Petrozavodsk
Kemerovo Oblast Kemerovo
Khabarovsk Krai Khabarovsk
Khakassia Abakan
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug Khanty-Mansiysk
Kirov oblast Kirov
Komi Syktyvkar
Kostroma Oblast Kostroma
Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnoyarsk
Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnodar
Kurgan Oblast Kurgan
Kursk Oblast Kursk
Leningrad Oblast Saint Petersburg
Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk
Magadan Oblast Magadan
Mari El Yoshkar-Ola
Mordovia Saransk
Moscow Moscow
Moscow Oblast Vostochnoe Degunino
Murmansk Oblast Murmansk
Nenets Autonomous Okrug Nar'yan-Mar
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Nizhniy Novgorod
North Ossetia-Alania Vladikavkaz
Novgorod Oblast Velikiy Novgorod
Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk
Omsk Oblast Omsk
Orenburg Oblast Orenburg
Oryol Oblast Orel
Penza Oblast Penza
Perm Krai Perm
Primorsky Krai Vladivostok
Pskov Oblast Pskov
Rostov Oblast Rostov-na-Donu
Ryazan Oblast Ryazan'
Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg
Sakha Yakutsk
Sakhalin Oblast Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Samara Oblast Samara
Saratov Oblast Saratov
Smolensk Oblast Smolensk
Stavropol Krai Stavropol'
Sverdlovsk Oblast Yekaterinburg
Tambov Oblast Tambov
Tatarstan Kazan
Tomsk Oblast Tomsk
Tula Oblast Tula
Tuva Kyzyl
Tver Oblast Tver
Tyumen Oblast Tyumen
Udmurtia Izhevsk
Ulyanovsk Oblast Ulyanovsk
Vladimir Oblast Vladimir
Volgograd Oblast Volgograd
Vologda Oblast Vologda
Voronezh Oblast Voronezh
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Salekhard
Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl
Zabaykalsky Krai Chita

Countries of Asia

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.