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Nepal History Timeline

2000s continued
  • (2008) Maoists won largest bloc of seas in elections, failed to achieve full majority
  • (2008) Nepal became a republic
  • (2008) Following dispute over who should be next head of state, Maoist ministers resigned from the cabinet
  • (2008) Ram Baran Yadav became Nepal's first president
  • (2008) Maoist leader, Prachanda elected prime minister, formed coalition government; Nepali Congress opposed
  • (2008) More than 10,000 Bhutanese refugees were homeless after a fire swept through their camp in southeastern Nepal
  • (2009) Prime Minister Prachanda resigned after dispute with President Yadav
  • (2009) Maoists left government after opposition to integrate former rebel fighters into national army
  • (2009) Madhav Kumar Nepal, Communist leader, named prime minister
  • (2009) Maoist-led land grab in west Nepal led to killing of four people during clashes
  • (2010) Maoist opposition, governing coalition extended drafting of new constitution until May, 2011
  • (2010) Maoist opposition supporters called for prime minister's resignation in a general strike which closed transportation, schools and markets country-wide
  • (2010) Bowing to Maoist pressure, Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal resigned
  • (2011) UN's peace mission to Nepal ended after four years
  • (2011) Following seven-month stale-mate of no effective government, Jhalnath Khanal elected prime minister
  • (2011) Deadline for new constitution was not met
  • (2011) Airports, hotels, restaurants, government offices and public transport became smoke-free under a new law
  • (2011) Over 2,200 people stranded for six days in town near Mount Everest due to bad weather
  • (2011) Prime Minister Jhalnath Khanal resigned following government's failure to reach compromises on new constitution and fate of Maoist fighters
  • (2011) Maoist Party Baburam Bhattari elected prime minister by Parliament
  • (2012) Four climbers died while returning from the summit of Mt Everest
  • (2012) Prime Minister Bhattari dissolved parliament, led caretaker government
  • (2012) Prime Minister Bhattari called for elections to be held in November
  • (2013) Supreme Court Chief Justice, Khilraj Regmi, was named head of interim government
  • (2013) Nepali Congress Party won majority of seats in elections, Maoist leader, Prachanda, said he did not accept the results, disputes continued
  • (2013) Maoist student activists led strike in Kathmandu, stoned and set fire to a dozen vehicles, demanded that the government cancel a fuel price increase
  • (2014) Parliament elected Sushil Koirala as prime minister
  • (2014) Tourism authority declared those climbing Mount Everest must return with extra 18 pounds of garbage to help eliminate trash left behind over the years
  • (2014) Avalanche on Mount Everest killed at least 13 Sherpas

Nepal's Information

Flag of Nepal
Land Area 143,351 km2
Water Area 3,830 km2
Total Area 147,181km2 (#93)
Population 29,033,914 (#45)
Population Density 202.54/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $71.52 Billion
GDP Per Capita 2,500$
Currency Rupee (NPR)
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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.