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Lebanon History Timeline

Lebanon's Information

Flag of Lebanon
Land Area 10,230 km2
Water Area 170 km2
Total Area 10,400km2 (#161)
Population 6,237,738 (#107)
Population Density 609.75/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $85.16 Billion
GDP Per Capita $18,500
Currency Pound (LBP)
More Information Lebanon
Largest Cities
1900s continued
  • (1983) Suicide attack on U.S. Embassy killed 63
  • (1983) Truck filled with explosives, driven by suicide terrorist killed 241 U.S. Marines, injured 80 at their barrackss at Beirut Airport
  • (1983) Suicide terrorist killed 58 and injured 15 at French military headquarters
  • (1985) Israel withdrew from most of Lebanon, buffer zone established in the south
  • (1985) Peace agreement was signed between Lebanese Muslim and Christian leaders
  • (1986) Shiite Muslim militiamen battled with Palestinians and pro-Palestinian Sunni Muslims, 53 killed
  • (1987) Prime Minister Rashid Karami killed when bomb exploded in helicopter, Selim al-Hoss became acting prime minister
  • (1987) Syria sent troops to West Beirut to enforce ceasefire
  • (1988) Maronite Commander-in-Chief, Michel Aoun, appointed interim prime minister by outgoing President Gemayel
  • (1989) Taif Accord (agreement to provide "the basis for the ending of the civil war and return to political normalcy in Lebanon) signed
  • (1989) Charter of National Reconciliation reduced authority of the president, transferred executive power to the cabinet
  • (1989) President Rene Moawad was assassinated three weeks after taking office
  • (1989) Pro-Syrian legislator, Elias Hrawi, elected president
  • (1990) Civil war officially ended. Lebanese government reestablished control over most of country with help of Syria
  • (1991) Lebanon participated in Middle East Peace Conference
  • (1991) The dissolution of all militias, except for the Shia Hezbollahs, was ordered by the National Assembly, South Lebanon Army refused
  • (1991) After defeating the PLO, the Lebanese Army took over southern port of Sidon
  • (1992) Rafik Hariri became prime minister, began reconstruction of Lebanon
  • (1993) Israel launched artillery and air assaults on Lebanon in attempt to eliminate Hezbollah and Palestinian guerrillas
  • (1994) Israeli helicopter gunship killed over 30 Hezbollah trainees
  • (1995) Hezbollah guerrillas fired rockets into northern Israel
  • (1995) Israel shelled 15 Shiite Muslim villages
  • (1996) Israelis bombed Hezbollah bases in southern Lebanon in "Operation Grapes of Wrath"
  • (1996) Israeli attack struck UN base at Qana, killed over 100 displaced Lebanese civilians
  • (1998) Emile Lahoud sworn in as president
  • (1998) Prime Minister Rafik Hariri resigned


  • (2000) South Lebanon Army collapsed, Israel withdrew troops from southern Lebanon
  • (2000) UN peacekeeping troops set up along Israel, Lebanon borders
  • (2000) President Lahoud appointed Rafik Hariri as prime minister for second time
  • (2004) UN passed resolution, called for free elections, withdrawal of all foreign forces, disbanding of all militias in Lebanon
  • (2004) President Emile Lahoud's term extended for three years by Parliament, four cabinet members resigned in protest
  • (2004) Prime Minister Rafik Hariri resigned, dissolved his cabinet
  • (2004) President Lahoud appointed Omar Karami as prime minister
  • (2005) Former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri assassinated by car bomb, 22 others also killed, over 100 injured
  • (2005) Prime Minister Omar Karami resigned
  • (2005) Following pro-Syrian demonstrations, President Lahoud reappointed Omar Karami as prime minister
  • (2005) Over 1 million took part in anti-Syrian protest
  • (2005) After failure to form a new government, Prime Minister Omar Karami resigned a second time
  • (2005) Najib Ikati appointed prime minister
  • (2005) Syria withdrew all troops after 29 years of occupation of Lebanon
  • (2005) Following elections, new Parliament chose Fouad Siniora as prime minister
  • (2006) Denmark's Embassy in Beirut attacked during demonstration against cartoons depicting Prophet Muhammad in Danish newspaper
  • (2006) Hezbollah militants captured two Israeli soldiers in cross-border raid
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

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