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Lebanon History Timeline

Lebanon's Information

Flag of Lebanon
Land Area 10,230 km2
Water Area 170 km2
Total Area 10,400km2 (#161)
Population 6,237,738 (#107)
Population Density 609.75/km2
Government Type Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $85.16 Billion
GDP Per Capita $18,500
Currency Pound (LBP)
Largest Cities
1900s continued
  • (1983) Suicide attack on U.S. Embassy killed 63
  • (1983) Truck filled with explosives, driven by suicide terrorist killed 241 U.S. Marines, injured 80 at their barrackss at Beirut Airport
  • (1983) Suicide terrorist killed 58 and injured 15 at French military headquarters
  • (1985) Israel withdrew from most of Lebanon, buffer zone established in the south
  • (1985) Peace agreement was signed between Lebanese Muslim and Christian leaders
  • (1986) Shiite Muslim militiamen battled with Palestinians and pro-Palestinian Sunni Muslims, 53 killed
  • (1987) Prime Minister Rashid Karami killed when bomb exploded in helicopter, Selim al-Hoss became acting prime minister
  • (1987) Syria sent troops to West Beirut to enforce ceasefire
  • (1988) Maronite Commander-in-Chief, Michel Aoun, appointed interim prime minister by outgoing President Gemayel
  • (1989) Taif Accord (agreement to provide "the basis for the ending of the civil war and return to political normalcy in Lebanon) signed
  • (1989) Charter of National Reconciliation reduced authority of the president, transferred executive power to the cabinet
  • (1989) President Rene Moawad was assassinated three weeks after taking office
  • (1989) Pro-Syrian legislator, Elias Hrawi, elected president
  • (1990) Civil war officially ended. Lebanese government reestablished control over most of country with help of Syria
  • (1991) Lebanon participated in Middle East Peace Conference
  • (1991) The dissolution of all militias, except for the Shia Hezbollahs, was ordered by the National Assembly, South Lebanon Army refused
  • (1991) After defeating the PLO, the Lebanese Army took over southern port of Sidon
  • (1992) Rafik Hariri became prime minister, began reconstruction of Lebanon
  • (1993) Israel launched artillery and air assaults on Lebanon in attempt to eliminate Hezbollah and Palestinian guerrillas
  • (1994) Israeli helicopter gunship killed over 30 Hezbollah trainees
  • (1995) Hezbollah guerrillas fired rockets into northern Israel
  • (1995) Israel shelled 15 Shiite Muslim villages
  • (1996) Israelis bombed Hezbollah bases in southern Lebanon in "Operation Grapes of Wrath"
  • (1996) Israeli attack struck UN base at Qana, killed over 100 displaced Lebanese civilians
  • (1998) Emile Lahoud sworn in as president
  • (1998) Prime Minister Rafik Hariri resigned

2000s

  • (2000) South Lebanon Army collapsed, Israel withdrew troops from southern Lebanon
  • (2000) UN peacekeeping troops set up along Israel, Lebanon borders
  • (2000) President Lahoud appointed Rafik Hariri as prime minister for second time
  • (2004) UN passed resolution, called for free elections, withdrawal of all foreign forces, disbanding of all militias in Lebanon
  • (2004) President Emile Lahoud's term extended for three years by Parliament, four cabinet members resigned in protest
  • (2004) Prime Minister Rafik Hariri resigned, dissolved his cabinet
  • (2004) President Lahoud appointed Omar Karami as prime minister
  • (2005) Former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri assassinated by car bomb, 22 others also killed, over 100 injured
  • (2005) Prime Minister Omar Karami resigned
  • (2005) Following pro-Syrian demonstrations, President Lahoud reappointed Omar Karami as prime minister
  • (2005) Over 1 million took part in anti-Syrian protest
  • (2005) After failure to form a new government, Prime Minister Omar Karami resigned a second time
  • (2005) Najib Ikati appointed prime minister
  • (2005) Syria withdrew all troops after 29 years of occupation of Lebanon
  • (2005) Following elections, new Parliament chose Fouad Siniora as prime minister
  • (2006) Denmark's Embassy in Beirut attacked during demonstration against cartoons depicting Prophet Muhammad in Danish newspaper
  • (2006) Hezbollah militants captured two Israeli soldiers in cross-border raid
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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