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Kazakhstan History Timeline

  • (2000) Large oil reserve discovered in northern Caspian Sea off Kazakhstan's coast by consortium of Western oil companies
  • (2000) 11,000 seals found dead on Caspian Sea shores, deaths blamed on infectious disease from weakened immune systems due to pollutants
  • (2000) Last nuclear test facility destroyed
  • (2000) Security was increased on all borders following incursions by Islamic militants
  • (2001) First major pipeline running from oil field in western Kazakhstan to Black Sea port of Novorossiysk opened
  • (2001) Kazakhstan offered U.S. air and military bases for attacks on Afghanistan
  • (2001) Kazakhstan, China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan launched Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) to fight ethnic and religious militancy and promote trade
  • (2001) Government officials accused of joining Democratic Choice reform movement were purged
  • (2002) Prime Minister Kasymzhomart Tokayev resigned, Imangali Tasmagambetov appointed to position by President Nazarbayev
  • (2003) Prime Minister Tasmagambetov resigned after battle with Parliament over land reform bill
  • (2003) Moratorium on death penalty announced
  • (2003) Decision made to create navy to help protect oil interests in Caspian Sea
  • (2004) China and Kazakhstan reached agreement on constructing of oil pipeline to Chinese border
  • (2004) President Nazarbayev's party won Parliamentary elections
  • (2004) Zharmakhan Tuyakbay, Parliament speaker, resigned in protest at voting results
  • (2005) Democratic Choice accused of breaching state security by calling for protests against election results; court ordered dissolution of party
  • (2005) Former Parliament speaker, Zharmakhan Tuyakbay, led "For a Just Kazakhstan" opposition movement
  • (2005) Critic of President Nazarbayev and opposition figure, Zamanbek Nurkadilov, found shot dead at his residence
  • (2005) President Nazarbayev won another seven-year term in presidential election
  • (2006) Former minister and leader of political opposition, Altynbek Sarsenbayev, was abducted in Almaty, found dead two days later along with his bodyguard and driver
  • (2006) Five central Asian countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan signed nuclear-free zone treaty
  • (2007) Prime Minister Daniyal Akhmetov resigned, Karim Masimov became prime minister
  • (2007) Parliament vote allows President Nazarbayev to stay in office for unlimited number of terms
  • (2007) Hundreds of dead seals washed up on Caspian Sea shoreline
  • (2007) Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan reached pipeline deal to increase amount of natural gas moved by Russia from Central Asia to Europe
  • (2007) President Nazarbayev fired son-in-law, diplomat Rakhat Aliyev, after he announced plan to run for presidency
  • (2007) President Nazarbayev's party won all seats in lower house of Parliament in elections
  • (2007) Opposition staged a demonstration in Almaty against rising prices, people hoarded food supplies, emptied shops
  • (2008) Rakhat Aliyev sentenced to 20 years imprisonment after being found guilty of plotting a coup, Aliyev denied all charges
  • (2008) Aliyev accused President Nazarbayev of diverting billions in state assets, other corruption
  • (2009) Kazakhstan devalued currency by 25% to protect foreign exchange and gold reserves due to falling oil prices
  • (2009) Kazakhstan pulled out of Central Asian power grid to protect energy supplies
  • (2009) Kazakhstan nationalized BTA Bank, chairman stripped of his position, exiled to London, more than a dozen bank managers arrested for alleged racketeering and money laundering
  • (2009) Laws governing control of internet were tightened, chat rooms, blogs and public forum now counted as mass media, bloggers could break laws by expressing views
  • (2009) France and Kazakhstan signed energy and business deals worth $6 billion
  • (2009) Kazakhstan agreed to allow French military to pass through on way to Afghanistan
  • (2010) President Nazarbayev given more powers including title of "leader of the nation", immunity from prosecution for acts committed during his term and the right to approve national and foreign policies after his retirement
  • (2010) Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia agreed to customs union
  • (2011) President Nazarbayev called for early presidential election, after plan to allow him to stay on until 2020 was ruled unconstitutional
  • (2011) President Nazarbayev won reelection
  • (2011) Police and striking oil workers clashed, 16 dead, government declared state of emergency
  • (2012) Elections were deemed undemocratic by observers, no opposition parties overcame threshold
  • (2012) Kazakhstan and Germany agreed to $4 billion partnership giving German companies rights to search for and mine rare earths and raw materials in exchange for technological and other investments
  • (2012) Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan concluded agreement with NATO to allow the evacuation of military equipment from Afghanistan, avoiding Pakistan
  • (2012) Prime Minister Masimov resigned, Serik Akhmetov named prime minister
  • (2012) Kazakhstan elected to sit on UN Human Rights Council
  • (2013) Supreme Court sentenced six men 5-10 years for conspiring to assassinate government officials in Astana
  • (2014) Value of the currency fell by 19%
  • (2014) Prime Minister Akhmetov resigned, former Prime Minister Masimov renamed to post

Kazakhstan's Information

Flag of Kazakhstan
Land Area 2,699,700 km2
Water Area 25,200 km2
Total Area 2,724,900km2 (#9)
Population 18,360,353 (#62)
Population Density 6.80/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $469.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $25,700
Currency Tenge (KZT)
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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.