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India History Timeline

1900s continued
  • (1930) First Round Table Conference, organized by British government, was held to discuss constitutional reforms in India
  • (1931) Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed by Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin at the Second Round Table Conference
  • (1934) Civil Disobedience Movement ended
  • (1935) Government of India Act 1935 passed, granted large measure of autonomy to British India provinces
  • (1940) Lahore Resolution was formal statement adopted by Muslim League that called for creation of independent states for Muslims
  • (1942) Quit India Movement was launched
  • (1942) Indian National Army was formed
  • (1947) India gained independence from the British
  • (1947) India was divided into two countries - India and Muslim-controlled Pakistan
  • (1947) Religious turmoil in India and Pakistan resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths
  • (1948) Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by right-wing Hindu nationalist
  • (1948) War with Pakistan over disputed territory of Kashmir, UN arranged ceasefire, Pakistan gained control of one-third of Kashmir, India took control of the balance
  • (1950) India became Republic, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was first President of India
  • (1952) First general elections were held
  • (1956) States Reorganization Act reformed boundaries of states and territories according to linguistics
  • (1962) War between China and India over disputed Himalayan border
  • (1964) Prime Minister Jawaharial Nehru died
  • (1965) Second Kashmir War between India and Pakistan over Kashmir resulted in United Nations' mandated ceasefire and issuance of Tashkent Declaration, requiring both countries to restore national boundary and 1949 ceasefire line
  • (1966) Indira Gandhi, daughter of Jawaharial Nehru, became prime minister
  • (1971) War with Pakistan over creation of Bangladesh
  • (1971) Twenty-year Treaty of Friendship signed with Soviet Union
  • (1974) India exploded first nuclear device in underground testing
  • (1975) Indira Gandhi found guilty of electoral malpractice, declared a state of emergency
  • (1975 - 1977) Nearly 1,000 political opponents were imprisoned
  • (1975 - 1977) Compulsory birth control introduced
  • (1977) Indira Gandhi's Congress Party lost general elections to Janata Party
  • (1979) Janata Party split, Chaudhary Charan Singh became prime minister, general elections were held
  • (1980) Indira Gandhi returned to power as head of Congress party splinter group
  • (1984) Indian Army troops stormed Golden Temple to capture Sikh militants, over 500 killed
  • (1984) Indira Gandhi assassinated by bodyguards, son Rajiv took over as prime minister
  • (1984) Union Carbide gas leak at Bhopal kills 8,000
  • (1987) India deployed troops to Sri Lanka for peacekeeping during ethnic conflict
  • (1989)  Rajiv Gandhi's party defeated in general elections, V.P. Singh's Janata party came to power
  • (1990) Indian troops withdrawn from Sri Lanka
  • (1991) Rajiv Gandhi assassinated by suicide bomber
  • (1991) V.P. Singh's government failed, Congress government returned
  • (1991) Economic reform program begun by new Prime Minister P.V. Narashimha Rao
  • (1992) Outbreak of Hindu-Muslim violence began after Hindu extremists demolished mosque in Ayodhya
  • (1996) Hindu nationals BJP party emerged as largest single party in elections
  • (1998) BJP formed coalition government under Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee
  • (1998) India conducted nuclear tests
  • (1998) Prime Minister Vajpayee made bus trip to Pakistan to sign Lahore Peace Declaration
  • (1999) Brief war with Pakistan over tensions in Kashmir
  • (1999) Cyclone devastated eastern state of Orissa, at least 10,000 were killed

India's Information

Flag of India
Land Area 2,973,193 km2
Water Area 314,070 km2
Total Area 3,287,263km2 (#7)
Population 1,266,883,598 (#2)
Population Density 426.10/km2
Government Type Federal Parliamentary Republic
GDP (PPP) $8,720.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $6,700
Currency Rupee (INR)
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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.