|Land Area||2,973,193 km2|
|Water Area||314,070 km2|
|Total Area||3,287,263km2 (#7)|
|Government Type||Federal Parliamentary Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$8,720.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$6,700|
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Babur, a descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan, swept through the region in 1526, establishing the Mughal Empire - one of the richest single dynasties ever to have existed.
Often employing brutal tactics to overpower their empire, the Mughals ruled a vast amount of the Indian subcontinent, and prospered under Akbar the Great.
The Mughals slowly began to disintegrate throughout the 1700s, with the Indian Rebellion of 1857 that caused their eventual collapse - marking an immense social change over India.
Lines began to blur between commercial and political dominance in the early 18th century, and a number of European trading companies set up coastal outposts for their trading companies, including the East India Company.
During the British Raj (the age of ruling over India) the large province of Bengal was split into two halves, with the western half primarily Hindu, and the eastern largely Muslim.
Persistent famines were common during this period, with the worst ever recorded being the Great Famine of 1876-78 in which nearly 10 million perished, followed by one of almost equal proportions in 1899. Despite the widescale loss, the population continued to boom, reaching 389 million people by 1941 - up from 125 million in 1750.
Although the number of British forces in India were small, they managed to control two-thirds of the subcontinent directly.
A push for independence grew steadily in the early 1900s, along with tensions between the Hindus and Muslims. As a minority, the Muslims were cautious, due to the prospect of an almost exclusive Hindu-based government, and tensions between the two flared.
Mohandas Gandhi took the leadership role of the Indian National Congress in 1920, and called for unity between the Hindus and Muslims. Gandhi's approach was that of non-violence, and he was well-known for his restraint and moderation, as well as inspiring movements for civil rights and freedom across the entire world.
What is the Biggest City in India?
With a population of 18.4 million people, Mumbai is the largest city in India by population.
The 10 Largest Cities in India
What Languages are Spoken in India?
Hindi is the most spoken language in India, and also one of the country's official languages. Around 550 million people in India speak Hindi. After Hindi, English is the most widely spoken language in the country, with around 125 million speakers. Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, and Kannada are all also spoken.
What Language Is Spoken in India?
What are the Largest Ethnic Groups in India?
The five major ethnic groups of Dravidian people in India are Kannadiga, Malayali, Tulu, Tamil, and Telugu.
Biggest Ethnic Groups In India
What Were the Indo-Pakistan Wars?
India and Pakistan have gone to war against each other four times since their independence from the U.K. and subsequent partition into separate sovereign states.