|Land Area||9,326,410 km2|
|Water Area||270,550 km2|
|Total Area||9,596,960km2 (#4)|
|Government Type||Communist State|
|GDP (PPP)||$21,100.00 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$14,600|
|Currency||Yuan Renminbi (CNY)|
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Less than a hundred years after its rise to power, the Yuan dynasty was overthrown by the Ming Dynasty.
Under their guidance, China experienced yet another golden age as urbanization increased to accommodate the growing population, and foreign trade grew considerably.
In 1556, during the Jiajing Emperor's reign of the Ming Dynasty, one of the world's deadliest earthquakes of all time occurred in Shaanxi, destroying 520 miles (840 km) of land and towns within 97 counties, and killing 60% of the population.
China's last dynasty was the Qing Dynasty, founded by Manchus, who allied with the Mings after Beijing was seized by the short-lived Shun Dynasty during the 17th century.
At its peak, the Qing Dynasty controlled over one-third of the world's population, and had the largest economy in the world; arguably it was one of the largest empires that ever existed in history.
Unfortunately, throughout the 19th century, China experienced debilitating civil unrest, significant food shortages, military defeats, and foreign occupation that spilled over into the 20th century.
The Republic of China was established on January 1, 1912, subsequently terminating the Qing Dynasty, and a few years later, with help from Soviet Russia, the republic entered into an alliance with the newly formed Communist Party of China.
With the end of World War II, the upstart Communists under the leadership of Mao Zedong established a dictatorship that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life, and cost the lives of tens of millions of people.
After 1978, his successo,r Deng Xiaoping, gradually introduced market-oriented reforms and decentralized economic decision-making.
Those efforts were successful as GDP output quadrupled by the year 2000. Today, political controls still remain tight, but more and more economic controls continue to be relaxed. China's economy is booming and its influence is growing worldwide.
As of 2013, China is the second largest economy in the world, after the United States, and is the largest exporter (2nd largest importer) of goods worldwide.
Tourism, always popular in China, is a growth industry, as the country is one of the most fascinating destinations on the planet.
From the Forbidden City (China's imperial palace during the Ming Dynasty) in Beijing, to the Great Wall spanning east to west along the country's historical northern borders, and moving on towards the southwestern corner of the country where the highest mountain ranges in the world are located, China is loaded with a generous amount of tourist hotspots to explore.
What is the Largest City in China?
Guangzhou is the largest city in China by metro population, with more than 44 million people.
The Largest Cities In China
What Kind of Plants are Native to China?
The native flora of China is diverse with more than 30,000 plant species, and some of these species grow only in China. They include the dove tree, the dawn redwood, the Yunnan cypress, and the China fir.
Plants Native to China
What is the Leading Cause of Death in China?
Malignant neoplasms (cancer) are responsible for 28% of all deaths in China, making them the leading causes of deaths in the country.
Leading Causes Of Death In China
What is the Major Religion in China?
China has some of the highest rates of atheism and agnosticism seen in the world today. Other popular religions include Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity, Folk Salvationism, and Islam.
Religious Demographics Of China
What is the Largest Ethnic Group in China?
More than 9 in every 10 residents of the People's Republic of China are ethnic Han Chinese. The ethnic group has a 91.59% of the overall Chinese population descent. The other 55 ethnic groups make up the minority consisting 8.41% of the total population.
The Largest Ethnic Groups In China
What Animals Are Threatened in China?
The big cats like South China Tiger and Amur Leopard are critically endangered due to loss of habitats and poaching. Many of the big cats like tiger or small cats like lynx are hunted for their fur. Moreover, the South China Tiger, leopards and Asian golden cats are hunted for their bones which are used in traditional medicines