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China History Timeline

1949 - 1965

  • (1949) Mao Zedong, Communist Party leader, established Communist People's Republic of China
  • (1949) Nationalists sent up government on island of Taiwan
  • (1950) During Korean War, China helped North Korea
  • (1950) Tibet became part of People's Republic of China
  • (1958 - 1961) "Great Leap Forward" five year economic plan was introduced, included collectivised farming, labor-intensive industry. Plan failed and millions died of starvation
  • (1959) Revolt in Tibet suppressed by Chinese forces
  • (1959) Liu Shaoqi named president
  • (1959) Oil reserves discovered in northern basin of Songhua, Liao Rivers, ending dependence on Soviet's supplies
  • (1961) China used first nuclear reactor
  • (1962) Border dispute with India over Himalayan border resulted in brief conflict
  • (1964) China detonated first atomic bomb
  • (1965) Tibet became autonomous region of China
1966 - 1990
  • (1966 - 1976) Mao's "Cultural Revolution" - campaign to revive revolutionary spirit resulted in massive social, political, economic upheaval, over one million people were killed or committed suicide
  • (1968) President Liu Shaoqi ousted
  • (1970) People's Republic of China accepted into membership by UN General Assembly
  • (1972) U.S. President, Richard Nixon, visited China
  • (1974) Terracotta Warriors found on east side of tomb of Emperor Qin Shihuang
  • (1975) Typhoon caused enormous rain storms, 62 dams failed in one night, including two major dams, over 200,000 killed
  • (1976) Mao Tse-Tung died. "Gang of Four", Mao's widow, three associates arrested and convicted of crimes against the state
  • (1976) Tangshan Earthquake killed between 240,000 to 255,000, city was devastated
  • (1977) Deng Ziaoping named vice-premier, led far-reaching economic reforms
  • (1978) Chinese "boat people" who had left or been expelled from Vietnam, died after drifting at sea for weeks
  • (1979) Diplomatic relations with U.S. established
  • (1979) Family planning policy limiting families to one child enacted to help curb population growth
  • (1984) Communist Party announced economic reforms: lifting of government price subsidies, relaxing of party control over businesses
  • (1986) 500,000 Chinese students gathered in People's Square in Shanghai, called for democratic reforms, including freedom of the press
  • (1986 - 1990) "Open Door Policy" encouraged foreign investment, development of a market economy, private sector businesses
  • (1989) Protests at Tiananmen Square resulted in over 200 deaths as troops opened fire
  • (1989) U.S. and European Union imposed arms embargo on China in protest of post-Tiananmen clampdown
  • (1989) Stockmarkets in Shanghai and Shenzhen opened
  • (1900) Shanghai became autonomous municipality
  • (1991) Widow of Mao Tse-Tung, Jiang Qing, committed suicide while in prison
  • (1992) China and South Korea established diplomatic ties
  • (1992) China and Russia signed declaration to restore friendly ties
  • (1992) International Monetary Fund (IMF) ranked China's economy third largest in the world - behind Japan and U.S.
  • (1993) Jiang Zemin became president
  • (1993) Construction began on Three Gorges dam
  • (1994) Official renminbi currency exchange rate abolished, floating rate fixed
  • (1994) Internet was introduced in China
  • (1994) Fire broke out in theater in Karamay where 1,000 teachers and children were visiting. Ordered to remain seated while Communist Party officials walked out first, 288 children died
  • (1995) In order to intimidate Tawian during presidential elections, China tested missiles, held military exercises in Taiwan Strait
  • (1996) In list established by international business people, China included in top-ten of most corrupt countries
  • (1996) Shanghai Five (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan) met in Shanghai and agreed to cooperate to combat ethnic and religious tensions in each others' countries
  • (1997) Rioting broke out in Yining, Zinjiang following death of Deng Ziaoping. Bombs planted on buses killed nine, injured 74
  • (1997) China regained control of Hong Kong, after 99 years of British rule
  • (1997) Russia signed agreement to build a $3 billion dollar nuclear power plant in China
  • (1998) Zhu Rongji became premier
  • (1998) New reforms announced, including continued deceleration of economy, restructuring of state-owned businesses through amalgamations, shared flotations and bankruptcies, four million civil service jobs to be eliminated
  • (1999) Nato bombed Chinese Embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (now Serbia)
  • (1999 China assumed formal sovereignty over Macau after 442 years of Portuguese control

China's Information

Flag of China
Land Area 9,326,410 km2
Water Area 270,550 km2
Total Area 9,596,960km2 (#4)
Population 1,373,541,278 (#1)
Population Density 147.27/km2
Government Type Communist State
GDP (PPP) $21,100.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $14,600
Currency Yuan Renminbi (CNY)
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China provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions & their capitals

Region Capital
Anhui Hefei
Beijing Beijing
Chongqing Chongqing
Fujian Fuzhou
Gansu Lanzhou
Guangdong Guangzhou
Guangxi Nanning
Guizhou Guiyang
Hainan Haikou
Hebei Shijiazhuang
Heilongjiang Harbin
Henan Zhengzhou
Hubei Wuhan
Hunan Changsha
Inner Mongolia Hohhot
Jiangsu Nanjing
Jiangxi Nanchang
Jilin Changchun
Liaoning Shenyang
Ningxia Yinchuan
Qinghai Xining
Shaanxi Xi'an
Shandong Jinan
Shanghai Shanghai
Shanxi Taiyuan
Sichuan Chengdu
Tianjin Tianjin
Xinjiang Urumqi
Xizang (Tibet Autonomous Region) Lhasa
Yunnan Kunming
Zhejiang Hangzhou

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