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Bhutan History Timeline

Bhutan's Information

Flag of Bhutan
Land Area 38,394 km2
Total Area 38,394km2 (#133)
Population 750,125 (#164)
Population Density 19.54/km2
Government Type Constitutional Monarchy
GDP (PPP) $6.43 Billion
GDP Per Capita $8,100
Currency Ngultrum (BTN)
More Information Bhutan
Largest Cities

See Also

1900s continued

  • (1990) Ethnic unrest, protests in southern Bhutan pressing for more democracy, respect for Nepali rights. Thousands of Nepalis fled to Nepal
  • (1990) People's Party was banned
  • (1992) Leader of illegal Bhutan People's Party sentenced to life in prison
  • (1992) District boundaries changed
  • (1992) National Security Act passed, allowed government to use deadly force to stop unlawful demonstrations
  • (1993) Bhutan and Nepal work to solve refugee problem
  • (1998) King ceded some power to National Assembly, gave up role as head of government; cabinet now elected by assembly; post of Prime Minister restored
  • (2000) Severe flooding caused landslides, killed 200
  • (2001) Bhutan, Nepal reached agreement regarding repatriation of classes of Bhutanese refugees living in camps in Nepal
  • (2003) Several guerrilla groups established bases in forests in southern Bhutan to launch attacks on targets in Assam
  • (2003) Royal Bhutan Army began operations against guerrilla camps
  • (2004) Capital punishment abolished
  • (2005) King Jigme Singye Wangchuck announced he would abdicate in 2008, named Crown Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck to succeed him
  • (2006) King Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated early, Crown Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck assumed throne
  • (2007) Bhutan signed agreement with India, gave them more say in own foreign and defense policies
  • (2007) Mock elections held to educate voters about parliamentary democracy prior to polls in 2008
  • (2007) Prime Minister Khandu Wangchuck resigned in order to compete in 2008 elections
  • (2008) Series of bombings occurred prior to elections
  • (2008) Pro-monarchy Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party won 45 of 47 seats in National Assembly during first parliamentary elections
  • (2008) Constitution of Bhutan enacted
  • (2008) Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck crowned king
  • (2008) India's government alleged links between Assamese separatists and Bhutan dissident Druk National Congress
  • (2009) Huanglongbing virus destroyed orange crop, one of Bhutan's most important exports
  • (2009) Local Government Act of Bhutan 2009 enacted, more administrative powers given to districts
  • (2010) Parliament passed Tobacco Control Act, restricted import, possession and banned sale of tobacco
  • (2011) King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck married 21-year-old student, Jetsun Pema
  • (2013) In Parliamentary elections, the opposition People's Democratic Party won 32 seats

Bhutan Trivia

What Languages are Spoken in Bhutan?

The Sino-Tibetan language of Dzongkha serves as the mother tongue of the Bhutanese people residing in eight western districts of the country. The language is used in government administration and as the medium of instruction in Bhutan’s schools. The language uses the Tibetan alphabet for writing.

Which Languages Are Spoken in Bhutan?

What is the capital of Bhutan?

Thimphu is the capital of Bhutan.

What Is The Capital Of Bhutan?

Who Administers The Doklam Plateau?

Doklam Plateau is a disputed patch of land at the junction of Tibet (China), Sikkim (India), and Bhutan.

Who Administers The Doklam Plateau?

What is the biggest city in Bhutan?

Thimpu is the Kingdom of Bhutan’s largest and capital city. Around 115,000 people live in the city.

Biggest Cities And Towns In Bhutan

What are the Ecological Regions of Bhutan?

The ecological regions in Bhutan are divided into six Biomes including tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands.

Ecological Regions Of Bhutan

Who Was the First Prime Minister of Bhutan?

Jigme Thinley was the first prime minister of Bhutan, holding office between 1998 and 1999.

Prime Ministers of Bhutan

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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