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Afghanistan History Timeline

Afghanistan's Information

Flag of Afghanistan
Land Area 652,230 km2
Total Area 652,230km2 (#40)
Population 33,332,025 (#40)
Population Density 51.10/km2
Government Type Presidential Islamic Republic
GDP (PPP) $64.08 Billion
GDP Per Capita $2,000
Currency Afghani (AFN)
More Information Afghanistan
Largest Cities

1900s continued

  • (1997) Pakistan, Saudi Arabia recognized Taliban as legitimate rulers
  • (1998) U.S. launched missile strikes at suspected bases of militant Osama bin Laden, following bombings of two American embassies in Africa
  • (1999) UN imposed an air embargo and financial sanctions to force Afghanistan to hand over Osama bin Laden for trial
2000s
  • (2001) Ahmed Shah Masood, leader of anti-Taliban Northern Alliance forces, was assassinated
  • (2001) Hijackers commandeered four commercial airplanes, attacked New York City's World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and crashed into field in Pennsylvania, thousands killed, bin Laden forces prime suspects
  • (2001) U.S. and Britain launched airstrikes of Taliban targets and bases
  • (2001) Taliban regime collapsed; Afghanistan interim government formed
  • (2002) Hamid Karzai became president of interim Afghanistan government
  • (2003) Peacekeeping forces entered Afghanistan led by NATO began protracted fight against Taliban
  • (2004) Loya Jirga, grand council, adopted new constitution; Hamid Karzai elected president
  • (2005) First parliamentary elections in more than 30 years were held, Parliament conducted first meeting
  • (2006) NATO expanded operations to southern portion of the country, assumed responsibility for security across the entire country
  • (2007) Afghan government and NATO confirmed Taliban commander, Mullah Dadullah, killed during U.S.-led operations in southern Afghanistan
  • (2008) Suicide bomb on Indian embassy in Kabul killed more than 50
  • (2008) U.S.President George Bush sent more U.S. troops sent to Afghanistan, described as a "quiet surge"
  • (2009) Widespread Taliban attacks occurred during presidential and provincial elections, Karzai declared presidential winner
  • (2009) U.S. President Barack Obama sent more troops to Afghanistan, said U.S. would start withdrawing forces in 2011
  • (2009) Al-Qaeda double agent killed seven CIA agents in suicide attack on U.S. base in Khost
  • (2010) Forces launched Operation Moshtarak, led by NATO, to secure government control of southern Helmand province
  • (2010) Website Wikileaks published thousands of classified U.S. military documents relating to Afghanistan
  • (2010) Taliban violence marred parliamentary polls, caused widespread fraud, delay in announcing results
  • (2011) Burning of Kuran by U.S. pastor caused country-wide protests, foreign UN workers, several Afghans killed
  • (2011) U.S. forces overtook compound in Pakistan, killed al-Qaida leader, Osama bin Laden
  • (2011) President's half-brother, Ahmad Wali Karzai, killed in Taliban campaign
  • (2011) Former president, Burhanuddin Rabbani, assassinated
  • (2011) Afghanistan and India signed partnership to expand cooperation in security and development
  • (2011) President Karzai given permission to negotiate a 10-year military partnership with U.S. allowing the troops to remain after 2014
  • (2011) 58 peple were killed in attacks at a Shia shrine in Kabul and a Shia mosque in Mazar-i-Sharif
  • (2012) Taliban opened office in Dubai, U.A.E. to hold peace talks with U.S. and Afghanistan
  • (2012) 30 killed during protests about burning copies of Koran at U.S. base in Bagram
  • (2012) Nato announced it would withdraw troops by late 2014
  • (2012) French President Francois Hollande said France would withdraw its combat mission by end of 2012
  • (2012) Afghanistan agreed to conditions to counter corruption after receiving pledges of $16 billion for civilian aid from U.S., Japan, Germany and the UK
  • (2013) Sherkhan Farnood and Khalilullah Ferozi, two former Kabul Bank chiefs, were jailed for multi-million dollar fraud that nearly led to the collapse of the Afghan banking system in 2010
  • (2013) Afghan army took over command of military and security operations from NATO
  • (2013) Security talks with U.S. were suspended by President Karzai after Washington, D.C. announced it would hold talks with Taliban
  • (2013) Proposed security agreement would provide U.S. with military bases after NATO troops formally withdrew
  • (2014) Vice President Muhammad Qasim Fahim, who played a signficant role in ousting the Taliban, died
  • (2014) Taliban began threatening Afghans to not take part in upcoming presidential elections, said they will "use all force" possible to disrupt elections

Afghanistan Trivia

Which Countries Have a Theocratic Government?

Some of the countries with a theocratic government include Yemen, Vatican City, Sudan, and Mauritania.

7 Countries With A Theocratic Government Today

What are the Major Ethnic Groups of Afghanistan?

Pashtun peoples are the largest ethnic group in the south of the country, while Tajiks and Uzbeks are concentrated along the norther borders, and the Hazara in the central highlands. Around 42% of the country's population is Pashtun.

The Ethnic Groups Of Afghanistan

Which Countries Border Afghanistan?

Afghanistan is a landlocked country that is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, China, and Iran.

Which Countries Border Afghanistan?

What is the Tallest Building in Afghanistan?

Noshaq is the highest peak in the Hindu Kush Range and the highest peak in Afghanistan with an elevation of 24,580 feet (7,492 meters).

The Tallest Mountains In Afghanistan

Which Continent is Afghanistan In?

Afghanistan is a landlocked country located within the continent of Asia.

What Continent Is Afghanistan In?

What Languages Are Spoken In Afghanistan?

In the multilingual country of Afghanistan, Dari and Pashto are the official and most widely spoken languages. Uzbek, Balochi, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pashayi, etc., are some of the country’s regional languages.

What Languages Are Spoken In Afghanistan?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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Countries of Asia