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Africa Timeline - Timeline of Africa

Zimbabwe timeline

1000 AD - 1700's

  • (1000) Ghana Empire reaches height of power
  • (1230) Mali Empire established; Ghanas declines
  • (1250) Zimbabwe constructed in southeastern Africa
  • (1390) Kongo Kingdom flourishes on Congo River
  • (1400) Swahili flourishes along eastern African coast
  • (1441) African slaves begin being transported across the Atlantic
  • (1488) Morocco invades Mali
  • (1550) Portuguese trade in Africa attracts Europeans
  • (1652) Dutch establish colony in South Africa at Cape of Good Hope
  • (1787) Freetown founded on west African coast
  • (1795) British seize control of Cape Colony
  • (1799) Rosetta Stone discovered
1800's
  • (1855) Victoria Falls discovered by David Livingstone
  • (1858) Lake Victoria discovered by John Speke
  • (1859-1869) The Suez Canal is built in Egypt
  • (1860s) End of Atlantic slave trade
  • (1867) Diamonds discovered at Hope Creek
  • (1870s) Zulu Wars fought against Great Britain
  • (1882) Egypt and Sudan occupied by Britain
  • (1884) Namibia, Tanzania, Togo and Cameroon taken over by Germany; Mahdi leads an uprising in Sudan against British
  • (1885) First railroad and telegraph line opened from Kimberley to Cape Town
  • (1886) Gold discovered in Transvaal; Kenya established as British colony
1900's
  • (1907) Gandhi organizes Indian civil disobedience against racism and injustice in South Africa
  • (1914-1918) World War I; entirety of Africa divided amongst Europe, African colonies are prepared for independence at wars end
  • (1933) First mass political party formed in Africa, The Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM)
  • (1935) Italy invades Ethiopia
  • (1939-1945) World War II
  • (1947) African's push for decolonization
  • (1956) Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia all receive independence; oil discovered in Nigeria
  • (1961) Zaire receives independence from Belgium
  • (1962) Algeria receives independence from France
  • (mid-1960s) European colonial era of Africa ends, most African nations gain independence
  • (1963) Organization of African Unity forms
  • (1964) Nelson Mandela imprisoned in South African prison for 25 years
  • (1967-1970) Nigerian civil war
  • (1973) Ethiopian famine kills hundreds of thousands
  • (1976) Ebola virus emerges in Sudan and Zaire
  • (1981) HIV epidemic begins
  • (1990) Nelson Mandela freed; violence erupts between South African black majority groups and white Nationalist groups
  • (1994) Nelson Mandela elected president of South Africa; Hutus massacre millions in Rwanda, millions more flee
  • (1996) Rwanda refugees migrate back to escape fighting in Zaire
2000's
  • (2001) Gabon and Congo experience Ebola epidemic
  • (2002) 2,000 killed when Senegalese ferry capsizes off Gambia coast; African Union forms after dissolution of OAU
  • (2003) Civil war begins in Darfur region of Sudan, several hundred thousand killed in conflict that lasted six years
  • (2006) War in Somalia involving Ethiopia and Somali Transitional Federal Government
  • (2007) Togo holds first democratic elections
  • (2010) Sudanese government and Darfuri rebels sign ceasefire agreement
  • (2011) South Sudan receives independence

All images are from public domain sources
AllPosters.com and en.wikipedia.org

This page was last updated on July 13, 2016.

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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