The South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence in 1966 for the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region.
Namibia won its independence in 1990 and has been governed by SWAPO since.
About one-half of the population lives below the international poverty line and the economy suffers greatly from the effects of HIV/AIDS.
Hifikepunye Pohamba was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing Sam Nujoma who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule. Pohamba was re-elected in the 2009 elections by an overwhelming vote.
Namibia's economy depends primarily on mining – it is the fourth largest exporter of non-fuel minerals in Africa as well as the world's fifth largest producer of uranium.
As for tourism, Although Namibia presents a brutally hot climate, travelers journey here to tour the barren red-sand deserts, and the highest sand dunes in the world in Namib National Park.
|Land Area||823,290 km2|
|Water Area||1,002 km2|
|Total Area||824,292km2 (#33)|
|Government Type||Presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$25.99 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$11,800|
Trending on WorldAtlas
The Most Dangerous Cities in the World
The Largest Countries in the World
The 10 Largest Cities in the World
The 10 Smallest Countries In The World
The Most Popular Sports in the World
Largest School Districts in the United States
29 Largest Armies In The World
Countries With Border Walls
The World’s Largest Oil Reserves By Country