The South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence in 1966 for the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region.
Namibia won its independence in 1990 and has been governed by SWAPO since.
About one-half of the population lives below the international poverty line and the economy suffers greatly from the effects of HIV/AIDS.
Hifikepunye Pohamba was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing Sam Nujoma who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule. Pohamba was re-elected in the 2009 elections by an overwhelming vote.
Namibia's economy depends primarily on mining – it is the fourth largest exporter of non-fuel minerals in Africa as well as the world's fifth largest producer of uranium.
As for tourism, Although Namibia presents a brutally hot climate, travelers journey here to tour the barren red-sand deserts, and the highest sand dunes in the world in Namib National Park.
|Land Area||823,290 km2|
|Water Area||1,002 km2|
|Total Area||824,292km2 (#33)|
|Government Type||Presidential Republic|
|GDP (PPP)||$25.99 Billion|
|GDP Per Capita||$11,800|
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