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Central African Republic History Timeline

Central African Republic's Information

Flag of Central African Republic
Land Area 622,984 km2
Total Area 622,984km2 (#44)
Population 5,507,257 (#116)
Population Density 8.84/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $3.21 Billion
GDP Per Capita $700
Currency Franc (XAF)
Largest Cities

2000s continued

  • (2004) New constitution approved in referendum, included provision for a five-year presidential term, renewable one time
  • (2005) Bozize declared president in first free election since the coup
  • (2005) Conflicts in northern CAR caused thousands to flee to Chad
  • (2005) Severe flooding in Bangui left over 20,000 homeless
  • (2006) CAR authorities accused former President Patasse of forming rebel movement and recruiting fighters to overthrow the government while in exile
  • (2006) Army camp attack killed 33, including two soldiers from Chad
  • (2006) Former President Patasse found guilty of fraud, sentenced to 20 years hard labor
  • (2006) Rebels seized Birao in northeast CAR, caused early return of President Bozize from overseas visit
  • (2006) Rebels seized Ouadda Djalla
  • (2006) France aided CAR's army with logistical and aerial reconnaissance, seized back towns captured by rebels
  • (2007) Peace accord signed by People's Democratic Front, rebel group led by Abdoulaye Miskine and President Bozize
  • (2007) International Criminal Court said it would investigate war crimes committed in 2002, 2003 after failed coup attempt against President Patasse
  • (2007) United Nations authorized peacekeeping force to help protect CAR civilians from violence spreading from Darfur, Sudan
  • (2008) Prime Minister Dote resigned; President Bozize appointed academic Faustin-Archange Touadera as new prime minister
  • (2008) Civil servants and teachers went on strike protesting non-payment of salaries for several months
  • (2008) Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army raided CAR
  • (2008) Peace agreement signed between two major rebel groups and government
  • (2008) Parliament passed amnesty law to bring successful conclusion to peace talks between rebels and government
  • (2008) Peace agreement proposed joint government with representatives from rebel groups holding offices following elections in 2010
  • (2009) Plans for national unity government announced which included leaders from two main rebel forces be placed in ministerial posts, opposition parties said plans were insufficient
  • (2009) Lord's Resistance Army of Uganda again conducted raids
  • (2009) French troops sent to Bangui following rebel incursions
  • (2009) United Nations agreed to increase presence in CAR due to increasing conflict between rebels and government troops
  • (2009) Parliament approved new election law establishing electoral commission
  • (2009) Former President Patasse returned from exile, indicated he might stand for presidency in 2010
  • (2010) International human rights groups, French government called for investigation into claims that rebel leader, Charles Massi, was tortured and killed while in government custody
  • (2010) President Bozize announced elections would be held April 25
  • (2010) Opposition rejected election date, elections postponed, Parliament extended President Bozize's term
2000s continued
  • (2010) Town of Birao in northern CAR attacked by rebels
  • (2010) CAR, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, South Sudan agreed to coordinate joint military response to Lord's Resistance Army
  • (2010) Rebel group took control of Birao, killed several government troops
  • (2010) During 50th anniversary of independence celebrations, President Bozize issued decree rehabilitating all the rights of former Emperor Bokassa
  • (2011) In presidential and parliamentary elections, President Bozize was reelected
  • (2011) Six people killed, dozens abducted by Lord's Resistance Army rebels in attack on village of Nzako
  • (2011) Former President Patasse died
  • (2011) Last major rebel group signed ceasefire with government
  • (2011) Fighting broke out between armed rivals over control of diamond mines, 43 killed
  • (2012) Taxi and bus drivers staged one-day strike in protest of fuel price increases
  • (2012) Military forces deployed to search for Lord's Resistance Army leader, Joseph Kony
  • (2012) Three major rebel groups united, formed Seleka Coalition, launched new offensive against government forces
  • (2012) Seleka Coalition captured three towns in northern CAR
  • (2012) Chad sent troops to help defend capital city of Bangui from rebel forces
  • (2013) Seleka rebels and government reached peace agreement, included formation of power-sharing government
  • (2013) Despite ceasefire agreement, Seleka rebels advanced toward Bangui; France sent additional troops, President Bozize fled to Cameroon
  • (2013) Rebels seized Bangui
  • (2013) Seleka rebel leader, Michel Djotodia, announced he would stay in power until 2016 when President Bozize's term ends
  • (2013) Michel Djotodia suspended constitution, dissolved parliament, announced caretaker government
  • (2013) African Union suspended CAR, ordered sanctions against Seleka rebels
  • (2013) President Bozize requested exile in Benin

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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