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Cameroon History Timeline

Cameroon's Information

Flag of Cameroon
Land Area 472,710 km2
Water Area 2,730 km2
Total Area 475,440km2 (#53)
Population 24,360,803 (#53)
Population Density 51.53/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $77.24 Billion
GDP Per Capita $3,300
Currency Franc (XAF)
Largest Cities

1900s continued

  • (1992) In presidential election, President Biya won by small margin; reports of election fraud caused demonstrations; thousands arrested, many died in riots; opposition members put under house arrest
  • (1993) U.S. government imposed economic sanctions on Cameroon
  • (1994) Fighting broke out between Cameroon and Nigeria over border of oil-rich Bakassa Peninsula
  • (1994) Economic crisis led to higher prices, devaluation of Central African franc
  • (1995) Southern Cameroons National Council formed, demanded independence from Cameroon
  • (1996) Nigeria and Cameroon agreed to UN mediation to resolve border dispute over Bakassa Peninsula
  • (1997) President Biya's party won majority of seats in parliament during elections
  • (1997) President Biya reelected
  • (1998 - 1999) Business organization, Transparency International, labeled Cameroon as the "most corrupt country in the world"
  • (1998) Nigeria and Cameroon agreed to exchange war prisoners from border conflicts
  • (1998) Train hauling oil tanker cars derailed outside of Yaounde, collided with oncoming train, exploded, more than 100 killed
2000s
  • (2000) World Bank approved funding for oil and pipeline project in Cameroon and Chad; environmental and human rights activists criticized project
  • (2001) Environmental organizations protested over pipeline project, deforestation of Cameroon
  • (2001) Plague of caterpillars devastated crops in eastern and southern provinces
  • (2001) Tensions grew between government and separatists lobbying on behalf of Cameroon's English-speaking residents, several arrests were made, three died
  • (2002) International Court of Justice gave sovereignty of Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon, Nigeria rejected ruling
  • (2003) Chad begun pumping oil to Cameroon in project funded by World Bank
  • (2003) After week of heavy rain, water-logged hillsides gave way, 21 killed
  • (2003) Nigeria ceded 32 villages to Cameroon as part of 2002 border agreement
  • (2004) Nigeria failed to meet deadline to hand over Bakassi Peninsula
  • (2004) President Biya won seventh term as president in elections
  • (2004) Inoni Ephraim began serving as prime minister
  • (2005) French Civil Aviation Authority banned flights by Cameroon Airlines citing safety concerns
  • (2006) At UN-mediation summit, Nigeria agreed to withdraw troops from Bakassi Peninsula
  • (2006) Paris Club agreed to cancel most of Cameroon's $3.5 billion debt
  • (2006) At least 30,000 refugees, fleeing conflicts in Chad and Central African Republic, escaped to Cameroon
  • (2007) President Biya's party retained majority in parliament in legislative elections
  • (2007) 21 Cameroon soldiers killed in Bakassi Peninsula by suspected Nigerian militants
  • (2008) Transport strike against fuel costs turned into anti-government demonstrations in Yaounde, at least 17 killed
  • (2008) Constitution amended by Parliament allowing President Biya to run again in 2011
  • (2008) Bakassi Peninsula turned over to Cameroon by Nigeria; territorial dispute ended
  • (2008) Cameroon and Nigeria mutually agreed to protect land and sea borders from attacks by pirates and militants
  • (2010) Cholera outbreak killed over 300
  • (2010) Senior security officials sacked after rumors circulated of attempted coup
  • (2011) Cameroon secured loan from China to build deep sea port at Kribi
  • (2011) Busses and taxis were banned from using roads at night in order to reduce high number of fatal accidents
  • (2011) Cholera outbreak killed nearly 500; 13,000 cases reported
  • (2011) Paul Biya won reelection as president, opponents alleged fraud
  • (2011) Food and living costs spiraled; unemployment reached 60%
  • (2011) Ten presidential candidates filed requests with Supreme Court for annulment of presidential election; Supreme Court rejected request
  • (2011) National Anti-Corruption Commission of Cameroon reported 45 million euros was missing from public works ministry, general treasury, maize industry
  • (2012) Nearly 500 elephants were killed in less than two months in Bouba Ndjida National Park by poachers from Sudan and Chad
  • (2012) Police arrested former Prime Minister Inoni Ephraim as part of corruption investigation
  • (2012) Minister Marafa Hamidou Yaya jailed for embezzlement of $29 million that was to be used for down payment on presidential plane
  • (2012) Seven athletes from Cameroon went missing from London Olympics, assumption was they were seeking asylum in United Kingdom
  • (2012) President Biya celebrated 30 years in power
  • (2013) France urged citizens to leave northern Cameroon following kidnapping of seven family members by Islamic militants

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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