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Burundi History Timeline

Burundi's Information

Flag of Burundi
Land Area 25,680 km2
Water Area 2,150 km2
Total Area 27,830km2 (#142)
Population 11,099,298 (#80)
Population Density 432.22/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $7.89 Billion
GDP Per Capita $800
Currency Franc (BIF)
More Information Burundi
Largest Cities

2000s continued

  • (2003) Ethiopia, Mozambique, South Africa agreed to send 3,500 peacekeepers to Burundi to enforce truce
  • (2003) Domitien Ndayizeye of Hutu majority, succeeded Pierre Buyoya as president, under terms of three-year power-sharing transitional government
  • (2003) Hutu rebels staged major assault on Bujumbura, over 300 rebels, 15 government soldiers killed; thousands fled their homes
  • (2003) President Ndayizeye and Pierre Nkurunziza, Hutu rebel group Forces for Defence of Democracy (FDD) leader, signed agreement to end civil war; Forces for National Liberation (FNL) rejected agreement
  • (2004) United Nations Operation in Burundi was established to take over peacekeeping duties
  • (2005) Law enacted creating new national army out of former army and former rebel groups (except FNL)
  • (2005) Power-sharing constitution adopted
  • (2005) Main Hutu group, FDD, won majority in legislative elections
  • (2005) Pierre Nkurunziza, former Hutu rebel leader, chosen by lawmakers as president
  • (2005) First group of UN peacekeepers from Mozambique left Burundi as part of phased withdrawal
  • (2006) Lack of rain affected crops and pastures, caused acute food shortages
  • (2006) Former President Domitien Ndayizeye was arrested in connection with alleged plot to overthrow the government
  • (2006) Government and last rebel group, National Liberation Forces (FNL) signed permanent cease-fire ending 12 years of civil war
  • (2006) U.S. announced it would take 10,000 Burundian refugees from Tanzania
  • (2006) Burundi accepted as member of East African Community (EAC)
  • (2007) Over 800,000 faced serious food crisis after floods ravaged several regions
  • (2007) UN ended peacekeeping mission
  • (2007) Rival factions of FNL clashed in Bujumbura, 20 fighters killed, residents fled from homes
  • (2007) Burundian soldiers joined African Union peacekeepers in Somalia
  • (2008) Hussein Radjabu, former head of National Council for Defense of Democracy, sentenced to 13 years in prison for plotting armed rebellion and insulting President Nkurunziza
  • (2008) Fighting again erupted between government forces and FNL rebels, over 100 killed
  • (2008) Government and FNL rebels signed ceasefire
  • (2008) Parliament passed new law abolishing death penalty
  • (2009) Paris Club of creditor nations cancelled $134.3 million debt owed to members by Burundi
  • (2009) Ex-rebel Godefroid Nyombare became first Hutu chief of general staff of the army
  • (2009) FNL officially became a political party
  • (2010) Five presidential candidates withdrew from the upcoming elections race because of rigged voting
  • (2010) Tutsi party pulled out of upcoming elections leaving President Nkurunziza as sole candidate
  • (2010) Six officials of opposition party arrested due to controversy over presidential election
  • (2010) President Nkurunziza reelected after main opposition parties boycotted vote and parliamentary polls
  • (2010) New party formed - Alliance of Democrats for Change
  • (2010) Burundi labeled as most corrupt country in East Africa
  • (2011) Burundi rights group, Government Action Observatory (OAG), said government-backed death squads killed more than 300 members of former rebel group and opposition supporters in covert operations over five months
  • (2012) Human Rights Watch blocked from holding press conference reporting on country political violence
  • (2012) Several thousand prisoners pardoned to address prison overcrowding, celebration of country's 50th anniversary of independence
  • (2012) Sixth rebel group, Murundi People's Front, launched attacks on government forces causing concern about return to civil war
  • (2012) Burundi had the highest level of hunger of 79 countries listed in the 2012 Global Hunger Index
  • (2013) Journalist in Bujumbura wounded after police officer he saw extorting money opened fire on him; policeman indicted for attempted homicide, sentenced to 15 years in prison
  • (2013) Burundi Senate passed highly restrictive amendments to Press Law

Burundi Trivia

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Burundi?

Burundi is rich in natural resources including arable land, natural forests, wildlife, water resources, peat, gold, nickel, and other mineral deposits.

What Are The Major Natural Resources Of Burundi?

What is the Largest Ethnic Group in Burundi?

The Hutu ethnic group makes up around 85% of the population of Burundi.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Burundi

What is the Currency of Burundi?

The official currency of Burundi is the Burundian franc.

What is the Currency of Burundi?

What Is The Culture Of Burundi?

Burundi has a rich heritage of oral literature which features stories, legends, poems, songs, and riddles.

The Culture Of Burundi

What are the Ecological Regions of Burundi?

Burundi's environmental landscape is a mix of highland forests and savanna grasslands. The ecological regions include tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, tropical and subtropical grasslands, and shrublands.

Ecological Regions Of Burundi

What is the Largest Religion in Burundi?

An estimated 75% of Burundians are Christian, with 81.5% of these Christians (61.1% of the total population) being Roman Catholic Christians.

Religious Beliefs In Burundi

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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