1. World Map /
  2. Africa/
  3. Burkina Faso/
  4. Burkina Faso Timeline

Burkina Faso History Timeline

Burkina Faso's Information

Flag of Burkina Faso
Land Area 273,800 km2
Water Area 400 km2
Total Area 274,200km2 (#74)
Population 19,512,533 (#59)
Population Density 71.27/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $32.99 Billion
GDP Per Capita $1,800
Currency Franc (XOF)
More Information Burkina Faso
Largest Cities
2000s continued
  • (2003) 12 people arrested for alleged coup plot against President Compaore
  • (2003) President Compaore demanded elimination of U.S. export subsidies on cotton
  • (2004) Military tribunal tried 13 people accused of plotting coup against President Compaore in 2003; Capt. Luther Quali jailed for ten years for his part
  • (2004) Canada began investing about $20 billion in Basic Education Plan into building schools across the country
  • (2005) President Compaore elected to third straight term
  • (2006) Another meningitis outbreak killed over 600
  • (2006) Regional economic summit in Burkina Faso postponed after deadly gun battles between soldiers and police in capital city
  • (2006) Nearly one-third of Burkina Faso's exports, mostly cotton, sent to China
  • (2007) Nearly 800 people died after meningitis epidemic spread from Burkina Faso to eight other west African countries
  • (2007) Burkina Faso and Taiwan renewed commitment to boost diplomatic ties
  • (2007) Ruling party won majority in parliamentary elections
  • (2008) Two-day general strike followed weeks of protests against high living costs, calls for wage increases; over 200 arrested
  • (2008) Heavy rains caused mudslide at illegal gold mine killing at least 31
  • (2008) First ladies from seven west African countries met in Ouagadougou for conference to end female circumcision
  • (2008) Collision between passenger bus and truck killed over 60 people
  • (2009) 53 million children targeted by mass immunization drive against polio in eight African countries, including Burkina Faso
  • (2009) Meeting of economy and finance ministers of 14 African countries, all using currency tied to French franc, called for boost in public spending
  • (2009) Parliament passed law requiring at least 30% of candidates put forward for election by political parties to be women
  • (2009) Five people were killed, 150,000 left homeless as heavy rainfall triggered flooding
  • (2010) Food crisis reached disastrous levels
  • (2010) Burkina Faso opened Bagre Dam's spillways during heavy rains, caused flooding in Ghana killing 17
  • (2010) President Compaore won reelection for fourth term as opposition was so divided that a unified campaign against him was not effective
  • (2010) Four of the seven candidates in presidential election claimed voting was rigged
  • (2010) France, U.S. issued travel warnings for Burkina Faso, citing possibility of kidnappings by al-Qaeda operatives
  • (2010) New gold mine opened, Premier Zongo said it would generate substantial revenue for the country
  • (2010) International Court of Justice was asked to resolve border dispute between Burkina Faso and Niger
  • (2011) Student died while in police custody, months of protests followed, left at least six dead; three policemen faced charges of aggravated assault related to the death
  • (2011) Soldiers, presidential guards stuck over unpaid allowances; thousands of people protested food prices
  • (2011) Police in Ouagadougou fired tear gas on thousands of angry merchants protesting a second night of looting by soldiers
  • (2011) Students burned ruling party headquarters, prime minister's house in Koudougou
  • (2011) President Compaore announced he would remain president, named himself defense minister
  • (2011) Police announced they would end strike
  • (2011) Over 1,000 people demonstrated in Ouagadougou demanding resignation of President Campaore
  • (2011) President Campaore named Luc Adolph Tiao, former ambassador to France, as new prime minister
  • (2011) Government forces suppressed mutiny in Bobo Dioulasso, seven killed
  • (2011) Luxembourg announced expenditure of large sum to help alleviate poverty in Burkina Faso
  • (2011) 26 merchants from Burkina Faso traveling to Lome, Togo were killed in bus crash
  • (2011) Thousands of students demonstrated, burned tires, in support of better conditions for teachers in Ouagadougou
  • (2011) Seven people killed when government forces suppressed mutiny in Bobo Dioulasso
  • (2012) Ousmane Guiro, head of Burkina Faso Customs Service, fired by President Campaore following seizure of nearly $4 million in two large suitcases traced to Mr. Guiro
  • (2012) President Campaore acted as mediator to Islamic crisis in Mali
  • (2012) Over 1,500 Malians found refuge in Burkina Faso after fleeing Tuareg rebellion and attacks in Bamako
  • (2012) Special forces from Burkina Faso flew into rebel-held territory in northern Mali, whisked Swiss hostage, Beatrice Stockly, to safety
  • (2012) UN Food Agency appealed to other nations to set up fund for food crisis in Sahel desert region, including Burkina Faso
  • (2012) Over 30 people killed in clashes over land rights on border between Burkina Faso and Mali
  • (2012) Thousands protested over steep increases of basic food items and fuel
  • (2013) Burkina Faso's team qualified for the first time for the Africa Cup of Nations finals

Burkina Faso Trivia

What is the Capital of Burkina Faso?

The capital city of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou.

What is the Capital of Burkina Faso?

What is the Culture of Burkina Faso Like?

Burkina Faso has great ethnic diversity. The Mossi is the largest ethnic community living in the country, comprising of 52% of the population. The ethnic minorities with a significant presence in the country are the Fulani (8.4%), Gurma (7%), Bobo (4.9%), Gurunsi (4.6%), and Senufo (4.5%). The legacy of the French colonial rule in Burkina Faso is visible in the country. For one thing, the official language in Burkina Faso is French. Different ethnic groups also speak their own indigenous languages. Muslims represent 61.5% of the population of Burkina Faso. Christians, both Catholics and Protestants, are also present in significant numbers. A large section of the population adheres to the traditional indigenous religions.

The Culture Of Burkina Faso

What Languages are Spoken in Burkina Faso?

French is Burkina Faso’s official language. Mossi is the most widely spoken language of Burkina Faso, as it is spoken by nearly 40% of the country’s population. Most people living in the country’s urban areas are multilingual, while the rural population uses their native languages for common activities.

What Languages Are Spoken in Burkina Faso?

Which Is The Most Populous City In Burkina Faso?

With a population of more than 2 million, Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, is also its most populous city.

Biggest Cities In Burkina Faso

Which Is The Largest Ethnic Group In Burkina Faso?

The Mossi is the largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso and accounts for 50.2% of the country’s population. The Fulani, Bobo, Gurma, and Mandé are some of the ethnic minorities of the country.

Largest Ethnic Groups In Burkina Faso

What is the Currency of Burkina Faso?

The official currency of Burkina Faso is the West African CFA franc.

What is the Currency of Burkina Faso?

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries of Africa