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Algeria History Timeline

Algeria's Information

Flag of Algeria
Land Area 2,381,741 km2
Total Area 2,381,741km2 (#10)
Population 40,263,711 (#33)
Population Density 16.91/km2
Government Type Presidential Republic
GDP (PPP) $609.00 Billion
GDP Per Capita $15,000
Currency Dinar (DZD)
More Information Algeria
Largest Cities

1900s continued

  • (1969) Algeria and Tunisia settled border dispute, signed friendship treaty
  • (1971) Boumediene nationalized oil industry, redistributed foreign and state-owned lands, reallocated private lands, introduced national health service
  • (1976) Boumediene introduced new constitution, Front de Libération Nationale (FLN, National Liberation Front) named sole political party in the country; Islam recognized as state religion
  • (1976) Boumediene elected president, began program of rapid industrialization
  • (1978) President Boumediene died, Colonel Chadi Bendjedid became acting president
  • (1979) Chadi Bendjedid elected president
  • (1986) High unemployment, rising inflation along with collapse of oil and gas prices led to strikes and violent demonstrations
  • (1987) National People's Assembly introduced reforms for agricultural cooperatives, public projects, formation of local political bodies
  • (1987) Political prisoners were granted parole as part of celebration of 25 years of independence
  • (1988) State of emergency declared as riots against economic conditions turned violent
  • (1988) Morocco and Algeria reached cooperation agreement covering telecommunications, postal, rail networks
  • (1988) Chadi Bendjedid reelected president for third term
  • (1989) Constitutional reforms limited power of Front de Liberation National (FLN), 20 new political parties created, new constitution focused on move from socialism to western capitalism
  • (1989) Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) founded
  • (1990) FIS won 55% of vote in local government elections
  • (1991) FIS called general strike after ban placed on political campaigning in mosques, state of emergency declared, two leaders of FIS arrested
  • (1991) FIS won majority of seats in elections
  • (1992) National People's Assembly dissolved
  • (1992) President Chadi resigned, five-member council chaired by Mohamed Boudiaf took over
  • (1992) Mohamed Boudiaf assassinated by bodyguard with Islamist links
  • (1994) Retired army colonel, Liamine Zeroual, appointed chairman of Higher State Council
  • (1994) Liamine Zeroual elected to five-year term as president
  • (1996) New constitution adopted, banned political parties based on religion, sex, language
  • (1997) Rassemblement National Democratique (RND, National Rally for Democracy) founded by President Liamine Zéroual and Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia
  • (1997) Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia offered government's resignation; invited by President Liamine Zéroual to form new administration
  • (1998) Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia resigned, succeeded by Smail Hamdani
  • (1999) President Liamine Zéroual resigned; former Foreign Minister Abdelaziz Bouteflika won presidential election
  • (1999) President Bouteflika ordered release of 5,000 political and religious detainees(2001) Berber protest in Kabylie region turned violent, hundreds killed, including 40 security officers

2000s

  • (2001) Berber party withdrew from government following riots in Kabylie
  • (2002) Berber language, Tamazight, recognized as national language
  • (2002) Ali Benflis of FLN party elected prime minister; elections marred by violence, demonstrations, low voter turnout
  • (2002) Bomb exploded in open-air market outside Algiers, killed 30, injured 37
  • (2003) Earthquake near Algiers killed over 2,000, injured thousands
  • (2004) President Bouteflika reelected to second term
  • (2005) Nourredine Boudiafi of rebel Armed Islamic Group arrested, deputy killed, group nearly dismantled
  • (2005) Two Algerian diplomats seized and killed by armed gunmen in Baghdad, Iraq
  • (2005) Government and Berber leaders agreed to more investments in Kabylie region, more recognition of Tamazight language
  • (2005) Security forces were responsible for disappearances of more than 6,000 citizens during 1990s civil conflicts, according to report commissioned by government
  • (2005) Voters backed government plan to grant amnesty to many involved in post-1992 killings during reconciliation referendum
  • (2005) Opposition parties kept majority in local elections in Berber's Kabylie region
  • (2006) Fugitive militants who surrendered during a six-months amnesty program would be pardoned, authorities freed first batch of Islamic militants
  • (2006) Algeria agreed to pay back $8 billion in debt to Paris Club group of rich creditor nations
  • (2006) Rabah Kebir, leader of banned FIS party, returned from self-imposed exile, urged rebels to disarm
  • (2006) GSPC, Salafist Group claimed responsibility for attack on bus that killed employee of US oil company
  • (2006) GSPC called for attacks on French nationals in Algeria
  • (2007) Salafist Group renamed itself al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb; US Department of State designated it a Foreign Terrorist Organization
  • (2007) Six killed near Algiers when seven bombs went off simultaneously
  • (2007) Army increased offensive against Islamic militants in attempt to end attacks
  • (2007) Roadside attack on bus carrying workers for gas pipeline construction company killed three Algerians, one Russian
  • (2007) Two bomb blasts in Algiers killed 33, injured more than 200; al-Qaeda group claimed responsibility
  • (2007) Dozens are killed in fighting between military and armed groups during parliamentary elections
  • (2007) Dozens killed in Algiers when double car bombs hit UN building, bus loaded with students
  • (2008) Former Premier Ahmed Ouyahia brought back as new prime minister by President Bouteflika, replaced Abdelaziz Belkhadem
  • (2008) Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for the killing of 60 people in bombings east of Algiers
  • (2008) Constitutional changes allowed President Bouteflika to run for third term
  • (2009) President Bouteflika reelected
  • (2009) Nigeria, Niger, Algeria signed agreement to build $13 billion pipeline across Sahara to Mediterranean Sea
  • (2010) Joint command to tackle terrorism established by Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Niger
  • (2011) Protests over food prices, unemployment caused deaths of two people; government ordered pricing cuts for basic foods
  • (2011) President Bouteflika lifted 19-year old state of emergency
  • (2011) Suicide attack on military academy killed 18
  • (2011) State monopoly over radio and TV ended
  • (2012) Ruling party, FLN, won majority of seats in elections
  • (2012) Water Minister and key ally Abdelmalek Sellal, appointed as prime minister by President Bouteflika
  • (2012) Al-Qaeda deputy leader in Algeria, Boualem Bekai, killed by army in ambush in Kabylie region
  • (2013) 37 foreign hostages from eight countries killed by Islamist militants during four-day siege at remote gas complex; 29 militants killed

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