Winter Olympics

Biathlon

The origin of the biathlon is rooted in Scandinavian hunting. In later years, the combination of skiing and shooting was practiced as a military contest. A Norwegian military contest in 1912 is considered the first modern biathlon, while biathlon-type events were held throughout the 18th century. The biathlon in its modern form was included in the 1960 Winter Games held in Squaw Valley, in the US state of California. The event featured four shooting stations within a 20 km long cross-country race. There are 5 targets at each shooting station, and a penalty time is added for each missed target. The winner is determined by the shortest race time. Women’s events were first introduced at the 1992 Winter Olympics held in Albertville, France. There are now two individual competitions of 20 km and 10 km for men and 15 km and 7.5 km for women, a relay of 4x7.5 km for men and 4x6km for women, a pursuit of 12.5 km for men and 10 km for women, and a mass start of 15 km for men and 12.5 km for women, as well as a mixed team relay (2x6km + 2x7.5km) composed of two women and two men.

Women's 7.5km Sprint

The 7.5km Women’s Sprint, introduced at the 1992 Winter Olympics held in Albertville, France, includes two shooting rounds. For each missed target, the competitor must complete a penalty loop.

Rank Country
1 Germany
2 Norway
3 Czech Republic

Men's 10km Sprint

The 10km Men’s Sprint, introduced at the 1980 Winter Olympics held in Lake Placid, New York, US, includes two shooting rounds. For each missed target, the competitor must complete a penalty loop.

Rank Country
1 Germany
2 Czech Republic
3 Italy

Women's 10km Pursuit

The 10km Women’s Pursuit, introduced at the 2002 Winter Olympics held in Salt Lake City, Utah, US, includes 5 legs and 4 shooting rounds. The top 60 finalists of the 7.5km Women’s Sprint begin the 10km Women’s Pursuit at intervals based on their finishing time in the previous race.

Rank Country
1 Germany
2 Slovakia
3 France

Men's 20km Individual

The Men's Individual 20km, introduced at the 1960 Winter Olympics held in Squaw Valley, US, is considered the modern biathlon. The event features four shooting stations within a 20 km long cross-country race. There are 5 targets at each shooting station, and a penalty time is added for each missed target. The winner is determined by the shortest race time.

Rank Country
1 Norway
2 Slovenia
3 Austria

Men's 12.5km Pursuit

The 12.5km Men’s Pursuit, introduced at the 2002 Winter Olympics held in Salt Lake City, Utah, US, includes 5 legs and 4 shooting rounds. The top 60 finalists of the 10km Men’s Sprint begin the 12.5km Men’s Pursuit at intervals based on their finishing time in the previous race.

Rank Country
1 France
2 Sweden
3 Germany

Women's 15km Individual

The Women's Individual 15km, introduced at the 1992 Winter Olympics held in Albertville, France, features four shooting stations within a 20 km long cross-country race. There are 5 targets at each shooting station, and a penalty time is added for each missed target. The winner is determined by the shortest race time.

Rank Country
1 Sweden
2 Slovakia
3 Germany

Women's 12.5km Mass Start

The 12.5 km Women’s Mass Start, introduced at the 2006 Winter Olympics held in Turin, Italy, includes five laps and 4 shooting rounds. The top 30 finalists from the 4 other women’s biathlon events begin the race at the same time, and the first to cross the finish line wins.

Rank Country
1 Slovakia
2 Belarus
3 Norway

Men's 15km Mass Start

The 15km Men’s Mass Start, introduced at the 2006 Winter Olympics held in Turin, Italy, includes five laps and 4 shooting rounds. The top 30 finalists from the 4 other biathlon events begin the race at the same time, and the first to cross the finish line wins.

Rank Country
1 France
2 Germany
3 Norway

Mixed Relay

The mixed team relay, introduced at the 2014 Winter Olympics held in Sochi, Russia, is a relay biathlon. The teams are composed of two women and two men. The course includes two 6 km legs for the women and two 7.5 km legs for the men.

Rank Country
1 France
2 Norway
3 Italy

Women's 4x6km Relay

The 4x6km Women’s Relay, introduced at the 2006 Winter Olympics held in Turin, Italy, features four legs of 6 km with two shooting rounds per leg. For each missed target, the competitor must complete a penalty loop.

Rank Country
1 Belarus
2 Sweden
3 France

Men's 4x7.5km Relay

The 4x7.5km Men’s Relay, introduced at the 1968 Winter Olympics held in Grenoble, France, features four legs of 7.5 km with two shooting rounds per leg. For each missed target, the competitor must complete a penalty loop.

Rank Country
1 Sweden
2 Norway
3 Germany

Updates will be coming as events are completed. Stay tuned!

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