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Portugal Timeline

Physical Map

Map of Portugal
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Portugal's Information

Area 92,090 km2 (#109)
Population 10,221,415 (#82)
Population Density 95 people/km2
GDP PPP $328.25 Billion
GDP Per Capita $31,965
Currency Euro (EUR)
Government Type Semi-presidential Republic
Largest Cities

Table of Contents

More on Portugal

  • (~400,000 years ago) Neanderthals inhabit what will become Portugal.
  • (30,000 BC) Early humans can be found in the area, adopting a hunting and gathering lifestyle.
  • (5,000 BC) An early agricultural society begins to form.
  • (700 BC) The Celtics invade Portugal, bringing with them materials such as iron.
  • (210 BC) Romans invade the Iberian Peninsula, including Portugal.
  • (139 BC) The last of the Celtic tribes, the Lusitani, are defeated by the Romans after years of resistance. This marks the total integration of the Iberian peninsula under Roman rule.
  • (5th Century AD) Roman rule in Portugal collapses.
  • (409) The Suevi people invade Portugal, coming from northern Europe.
  • (585) The Visigoths conquer the Suevi people and in turn, Portugal.
  • (711) The Umayyads and the Berbers of North Africa began the conquest of Spain and Portugal. While they are successful in ruling the southern portion of Portugal, the north of the country remains under the influence of the Visigoths.
  • (11th century) The north of the country begins to go by “Portugal”; it is a holding of the King of Leon, from Spain.
  • (1095) The King of Leon gifts Portugal to Dona Teresa, the king’s daughter. However, Dona Teresa is eventually rebelled against by Alfonso Henriques, who defeats Dona Teresa and becomes the first King of Portugal.
  • (1147) King Alfonso takes Lisbon from the Moors and adjusts the border to line up with the River Tagus.
  • (13th Century) Lisbon is declared as the capital of Portugal.
  • (1348-1349) The Black Death has a devastating toll on the Portuguese population - approximately one-third of the population perishes.
  • (1386) Portugal forms an allied relationship with England under the ruling of King Dom Joao.
  • (1420) After the island of Madeira is discovered, Portugal sends colonists to settle it.
  • (1439) Settlers are sent to the islands of the Azores.
  • (1446) Portugal claims ownership of Guinea, which becomes the center of their slave trade.
  • (1488) Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias becomes first European navigator to round the Cape of Good Hope.
  • (1494) The Treaty of Tordesillas (article) assigns land west of the Cape Verde Islands to Spain, and any land east of the islands to Portugal.
  • (1549) Brazil becomes a royal province of Portugal.
  • (1580) The Spanish army marches into Portugal to claim it for Philip II, King of Spain.
  • (1668) After nearly a century, Spain accepts the independence of Portugal with the Treaty of Lisbon.
  • (1755) An earthquake devastates the area in and around Lisbon, killing around 77,000.
  • (1807) The Napoleon-led French army invades Portugal.
  • (1807) The royal family flees the country and heads to Brazil.
  • (1811) The French are driven out of Portugal.
  • (1815) The Kingdom of Portugal and Brazil is formed.
  • (1822) Brazil declares independence from Portugal under King Pedro I.
  • (1828) Miguel becomes king of Portugal and rules as an actual monarch.
  • (1831) Pedro falls from power in Brazil and returns to Portugal, where he replaces Miguel with the support of rebels, sending Miguel into exile.
  • (1836) The shipping of slaves from Angola is banned.
  • (1838) A new constitution is introduced.
  • (1846 - 1847) Portuguese Civil War is fought over whether the country should have a liberal constitution or strong ties to the monarchy.
  • (1887) Chinese government acknowledges Portuguese territorial rights in Macao.
  • (1908) King of Portugal, Carlos I and eldest son are assassinated when riding in an open carriage in Lisbon.
  • (1914) World War I begins - Portugal fights on the side of the allied troops.
  • (1926) A coup d’etat brings about a military dictatorship.
  • (1932) António de Oliveira Salazar’s rule as prime minister brings with it a time of intense censorship and human rights abuses.
  • (1939) Portugal’s official stance in World War II is neutral.
  • (1949) Portugal becomes founding member of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
  • (1955) Portugal joins the United Nations.
  • (1959) Portugal is one of seven countries to form the European Free Trade Association.
  • (1960s) Guerrilla warfare begins in several of Portugal’s colonies in Africa.
  • (1968) Prime minister Salazar is replaced by Marcelo Caetano.
  • (1968) The Portuguese Embassy in The Hague is bombed.
  • (1974) The peaceful Carnation Revolution overthrows the Caetano government and establishes a democratic form of government in Portugal.
  • (1986) Portugal joins the European Union.
  • (1988) Major fire destroys Lisbon's historic center.
  • (1996) Community of Portuguese-Speaking countries formed.
  • (1999) Macao is handed over to the Chinese government.
  • (2001) Nationwide law to decriminalize personal use and possession of drugs goes into effect.
  • (2002) Portugal adopts the Euro.
  • (2006) Anibal Cavaco Silva is elected president, pledging to help lead Portugal out of economic slump.
  • (2010) Same-sex marriage is legalized in Portugal.
This page was last updated on June 29, 2018.

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