Ecoforecasting is the process of predicting how ecological events may affect food, water, the environment, and the human health. Ecoforecasting combines different research and observations to allow people to monitor and come up with better ways to combat any adverse implications resulting from the various changes to the ecosystem. Some of the events that are monitored through Ecoforecasting include the following:
Harmful chemicals have adversely affected the environment; this has forced people to use vast resources to clean up polluted areas, for instance cleaning polluted water to make it safe for use. Ecoforecasting strives towards preventing the pollution in the first place to allow resources to be directed into other initiatives. Ecoforecasting reduces uncertainties brought about by solutions that appear to be failing when it comes to reducing pollution.
Extreme Natural Events
Natural hazards like wildfires can be very destructive with the power to permanently alter the ecosystem of a given location. With Ecoforecasting in the picture, however, people can anticipate disasters like floods, hurricanes, and drought, as well as whether they do happen or not and in the process reduce their impacts.
Changes in Land and Resource Use
Shifting land use will always have an implication on the ecosystem. Converting farmland into a forest may have a negative impact depending on the type of tree planted. Some trees drain water from an area and may not be suitable. Ecoforecasting takes into account all the possible outcomes from such shifts and helps people to arrive at the best possible option without having to guess about the repercussions that may follow.
Other Examples of Ecoforecasting
The ability to predict things like the amount of oxygen in the water to determine which type of fish to rear or the kind of fertilizer to use on a particular piece of land while taking into account how it may affect the adjacent areas or any water body that is in the vicinity. Ecoforecasting takes all these scenarios into account to produce strategies that benefit both the farmer and the animal life that may be residing close by.
Benefits of Ecoforecasting
Forecasting improves decisions and the process of making those decisions with the aim of sustaining productivity without hurting the ecosystem. It reduces the impacts of human activities and extreme natural events without any cost. Ecoforecasting also brings together scientists and other like-minded thinkers to provide a platform for solutions to some of the problems that have been affecting the environment for ages. Brainstorming in such a way is the fastest way to arrive at long-lasting solutions.
Another significant benefit of Ecoforecasting is the availability of intensive researching and the close monitoring of events to reduce uncertainties that come with the lack of preparedness. The ability to predict what may happen not only allows scientists to come up with the most appropriate counter-methods, but it also allows them time and room to come up with ways to take advantage, for example of an impending disaster like floods. Flood water can be very destructive but at the same time with the right measures in place, it can be harvested and put to good use later on.
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