What Are The Three Models Of Healthcare In The US?

By Antonia Čirjak on June 4 2020 in Society

Generally speaking, the US follows the Private Insurance model of healthcare.
Generally speaking, the US follows the Private Insurance model of healthcare.
  • The healthcare in the US can be divided into three different models: the medical, social, and health promotion.
  • The medical model of healthcare focuses on the diagnoses and the cure for illnesses and traces its roots to the 18th century.
  • The social model looks at many social factors that contribute to our health: the environment, as well as other important cultural, political, and social factors.

The healthcare system in the United States has been the subject of heavy debate for many years now. Generally speaking, the US follows the Private Insurance model of healthcare. What this means is that patients are covered by their employers or a private policy. However, due to the shrinking wages and growing prices as a trend in the United States, this model is not working the way it is supposed to.

Many people in the United States do not even have healthcare and they avoid going to the doctor or the hospital unless it is necessary. Healthcare is so expensive that many people need to pay their medical bills themselves. This prevents people from receiving the necessary healthcare. Despite all of this, the healthcare system in the US can be divided into three different models. Those are the medical, social, and health promotion models.

The Three Models

The medical model of healthcare focuses on the diagnoses and the cure for illnesses. One could find the roots of this model of healthcare in the 18th century. This was the time when traditional sciences started to become more prevalent in medical practice. People started believing that science could cure all diseases and illnesses. This has set the basis for what modern medicine is today, and it continues to be its core element. The way this model presents health is as something that can be measured.

Health becomes an attribute, just like any other. By using scientific means, we can always find ways to get rid of an illness. If we have not found a way yet, we will surely manage to do it in the future. Through the medical model of healthcare, medical experts can measure health in a way that determines the presence of a disease. This factor becomes the most important thing when determining if a person is healthy. This is why this approach has been criticized by people because it ignores other influences on health. It only looks at disease and its presence or absence.

Outside Factors That Influence Health

The social model deals with other factors that can influence health. It does not concern itself solely with diseases. Its origins can be traced to the social model of disability. The disability rights movement was fighting for this model, and from their fight, the social model of healthcare was born. In a way, we could look at it as a reaction to the medical model. In this context, the medical model is more traditional. The social model tries to look at other factors that contribute to our health and deal with them. These factors include the environment, as well as other important cultural, political, and social factors.

There are numerous examples of this, but just to name one, we can look at poor housing. As research has shown, by living in poorer areas, people need to deal with other factors that can influence their health. Dampness is a problem that can cause people to get sick while living in poor housing. This leads to them not working, which leads to more stress and the inability to fix the problems in their house. Naturally, this leads to lower self-esteem, which combined with stress can have a negative impact on our health. Things like this are a subject of the social healthcare model.

The health promotion model deals mostly with the prevention of disease and an unhealthy way of life. Through various means and projects, healthcare experts try to promote a healthier way of living. This can positively influence the way people look at their lives and influence them. People might decide to make a change for the better and to improve the quality of their life. Through the promotion of a healthy lifestyle, lives can be saved.

More in Society

worldatlas.com

WorldAtlas