Times Higher Education ranked the Indian Institute of Science as India’s leading university in 2015-2016. India is home to the second largest global population, and the country’s higher education needs are consistently rising. The country is increasingly regarded as offering high quality higher education, especially in the fields of science and technology.
5. Indian Institute of Technology at Madras -
The Indian Institute of Technology at Madras is situated in Chennai City, which was formerly known as Madras. The institute was founded in 1959 as a public engineering school, and it is ranked 56th in Asia. The school lies adjacent to Guindy National Park, and it thus boasts a natural surroundings. The institute is home to a research park which has fostered an entrepreneurial spirit among its students. The institute is associated with such leading companies as Infosys, Sycamore Networks, and Fairfax Financial Holdings.
4. Indian Institute of Technology at Kharagpur -
This public engineering school lies in the city of Kharagpur in West Bengal. The institution was the first of the Institutes of Technology to be established in independent India. The then chief minister of West Bengal, Bidhan Chandra Roy championed for its construction, convincing the country’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru since West Bengal was home to the largest concentration of industries. The school opened in 1951, and it offers a variety of course in the engineering and science disciplines. As the other institutes of technology, the institution offers programs related to engineering, technology, and science. The institution is home to over 20,000 undergraduate and postgraduate students. Notable alumni include Vinod Gupta, an entrepreneur and the founder of Infogroup, and Indian politician Arvind Kejriwal.
3. Indian Institute of Technology at Delhi -
This public research institution is situated in New Delhi, and it is ranked as the 42nd best university in Asia. The institute came into being with the Institutes of Technology Act of 1961. The institution is small in size and is home to just under 8,000 students. Courses offered center around engineering and technology. The institute is associated with many technological entrepreneurs, such as the founder of Flipkart, Binny Bansal, and the cofounder of PartyGaming, Vikrant Bhargava.
2. Indian Institute of Technology at Bombay -
This institution was founded in 1958 and was given university status through an Act of Parliament in 1961. The institute’s establishment was facilitated by financial and logistical assistance from the former Soviet Union (USSR) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The USSR deployed experts as well as technical resources and fellowships for the faculty. The institute’s courses primarily revolve around engineering and science, but it also offers programs in humanities and arts. Applicants to the university must pass some entrance examinations including the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE). The school is home to around 3,400 undergraduate students and 4,600 postgraduates. Notable alumni include Ramani Ayer, the former CEO of The Hartford Financial Services Group, Inc., and Nitin Nohria, the sitting Dean of the Harvard Business School.
1. Indian Institute of Science -
The idea for an institution in India dedicated to scientific research was conceived by Indian heavy industry trailblazer Jamsetji Tata in the late 19th Century. Jamsetji Tata, who founded Tata Group and Tata Steel, approached various authorities in India, and a provisional committee was set up for the institute’s conceptualization. The committee’s draft was presented to Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India and Bangalore was chosen as the location of the institute. The institution opened its doors in 1909 and has since evolved to become the leading institute in research studies as well as in science and technology. Competition for admission into the institute is usually cut-throat, and only the top 0.01% applicants who pass the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) get opportunities for post-graduate programs. Notable alumni have included astronomer Dr. Koodili N. G. Shankar and biophysicist Tej P. Singh.