Eleven cities from different parts of the world have been bestowed the honor of the C40 Cities Awards on December 1, 2016, for their innovative and effective approaches in handling the problems arising due to global climate change. The ceremony was part of the C40 Mayors Summit that was sponsored by Bloomberg Philanthropies and BYD. An expert panel of judges including climate experts, former mayors, and others selected 11 winning cities who had displayed the best and boldest moves to tackle climate change. Here we discuss these cities and the inspiration they are to the other cities of the world.
The capital city of France is also one of the world’s leading cities in fighting climate change by adopting innovative and effective solutions. The city is one of the C40 Award winners of 2016 in the category of Adaptation Plans & Assessments. Paris has planned the Paris Adaption Strategy which is aimed at solving the problems arising from climate change. A greening program to reduce heat-related issues, a less vulnerable food supply, development of green infrastructure and urban agriculture are some of the projects to be executed under the Paris Adaption Strategy.
Yokohama is Japan’s second-largest city and houses a population of 3.7 million. The city is an achiever in the field of Clean Energy and achieved a place for itself among the C40 Cities Awards winners list. The city has taken the initiative to reduce CO2 emissions by 80% by 2050. The Yokohama Smart City Project (YSCP) was initially formulated by Yokohama as a five-year pilot in 3 districts of the city. Presently, the project has been deployed to the entire population of 3.7 million people. The project promotes green transportation systems, large-scale use of renewable energy, and application of smart grids in households.
Seoul, the capital city of South Korea, is one of the fastest growing and most developed cities in Asia. The city’s Energy Welfare Public Private Partnership (PPP) Programme has been developed to provide low-income families a cost-effective way to consume energy with minimum GHG emissions. In 2015, Seoul had served 1,295 households under this project and aims to finance energy retrofits of 1,050 households in 2016. For its good work, Seoul became the recipient of the C40 Awards in the category of Social Equity & Climate Change.
7. Sydney & Melbourne
Sydney and Melbourne of Australia lead the world’s cities in Building Energy Efficiency. The cities have launched the CitySwitch Green Office program that aims to reduce the knowledge gap between tenants and building owners and encourage the reporting of fully auditable achievements. The members of the program will be guided to adopt energy targets with a rating between 4-Star and 6-Star in the country’s National Australian Built Environment Rating System.
Kolkata is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. The city has an extremely high population density and is one of India’s major metropolitan areas. Recently, Kolkata has earned accolades on the global front for the city’s waste management programs. The implementation of the Kolkata Solid Waste Management Improvement Project has been able to achieve a 60-80% segregation of waste at its source. Further segregation of wastes occurs at the transfer stations of Kolkata. In the future, the project aims to eradicate the burning and open dumping of waste which are both environmentally unfriendly and replace these methods by more sustainable methods of waste management. Thus, Kolkata won the C40 Cities Awards in the field of Solid Waste.
Copenhagen, the biggest city and capital of Denmark has been known for long for its green initiatives and environment-friendly policies.Copenhagen is the recipient of the C40 Cities Awards in the Adaptation in Action field. The city is threatened by heavy downpours and sea level rise triggered by climate change due to its coastal location. Thus, Copenhagen has undertaken a massive action plan The Cloudburst Management Plan that involves the implementation of an integrated system of pocket parks and green streets that will act as water basins and retention area. Over the next 20 years, 300 projects have been approved for development and implementation that will tackle the adverse effects of climate change in Copenhagen.
Shenzhen in China is one of the world’s fastest growing cities with a 10% annual GDP growth rate, and a population of 15 million people. Shenzhen has recruited 636 enterprises to take part in the Emissions Trading System (ETS) which aims to encourage green low carbon development of the city by uncoupling GHG emissions from GDP potential. Thus, the city won the C40 Cities Awards in Finance & Economic Development
Portland has been recognized for its innovative 2015 Climate Action Plan (CAP) with a 2016 C40 Award. The plan aims to reduce the GHG emissions of Portland 40% by 2030 and 80% by 2050. The city is also encouraging its citizens to adopt a green lifestyle and it is expected that more than 50% of the population of the city will use walking, cycling or public transport by 2050. A four-fold increase in the electric vehicle numbers in this city is also expected within this period. By implementing a project to reduce energy use by 1.7% annually in the existing buildings, it would be possible to achieve GHG emission reduction of 280,000 metric tons in 2020.
Curitiba is the capital of the Brazilian state of Paraná and houses a population of 1,879,355 as of 2015. The city aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by implementing projects of urban agriculture. The projects will encourage agricultural practices that involve biological nitrogen fixation by legumes, reduction of dependency on chemical fertilizers, carbon sequestration in soil, reduction of transport requirements of agricultural produce, and composting organic wastes. Not only will this initiative improve environmental health but also the health of the citizens of Curitiba who will now have more fresh vegetables in their diet and get the opportunity of being involved in physical activity during the management of the urban crop fields. For the above initiatives and green idea, Curitiba was one of the C40 Cities Awards winners.
1. Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa is the capital of the African nation of Ethiopia. The city houses a population of 3,384,569 and has an annual growth rate of 3.8%. Addis Ababa has been awarded the C40 Cities Awards in the field of Transportation. Over 6000 new jobs have been created by the Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (LRT) Project and it has improved the public transportation of the city in a major way. The LRT of Addis Ababa has a cumulative emission reduction potential of 1.8 million tCO2e by 2030. The 34 km long LRT passes through Merakto, the largest business district of the city and was inaugurated in September 2015. It provides a clean and quick mode of transportation to the residents of Addis Ababa.
Top C40 Award Winning Cities Of 2016 That Best Addressed The Climate Change Crisis
|Rank||2016 Winning City||Category|
|3||Portland||Climate Action Plans & Inventories|
|4||Shenzhen||Finance & Economic Development|
|5||Copenhagen||Adaptation in Action|
|7||Sydney & Melbourne||Building Energy Efficiency|
|8||Seoul||Social Equity & Climate Change|
|10||Paris||Adaptation Plans & Assessments|