Amphibians are four-limbed vertebrates that belong to the class of Amphibia and inhabit a wide variety of habitats. The majority of species today live within terrestrial, arboreal, or freshwater aquatic ecosystems. Amphibians start their lives as larvae, and they live in water. Certain species have developed adaptations that allow them to bypass this.
Young Amphibians go through a metamorphosis starting as larvae as gills and eventually transforming into an air-breathing form with lungs. They are also known to use their skin for breathing, and some smaller species don’t even have lungs and do all the necessary breathing through their skin.
Amphibians include frogs and salamanders, and although they may seem similar to lizards on the surface level, they belong to the family of amniotes. This means that they do not require water to breed. Recent decades saw a drastic decline in amphibian populations all over the world, so we dedicated this article to the weirder looking ones.
Weird Looking Salamanders
Chinese giant salamanders are the world’s largest amphibians that can grow up to 6 feet long. People eat their flesh in Asia; it is considered a delicacy in certain parts. It has evolved independently from all of the other amphibians on our planet. It is considered to be critically endangered.
Another amphibian from the salamander species that is known for its weird looks is the Olm. These salamanders are blind and have transparent skin. They live in the Balkan region, mostly underground, and they can survive without food for ten years. When they do decide to hunt for food, they use their sense of smell.
The lungless salamander does not have lungs, as its name implies. It uses its skin to breathe, as many other amphibian species do. The sagalla caecilian is a limbless amphibian that is found in tropical regions. They are considered to be critically endangered. They have tentacles on the sides of their heads that allow them to feel their surroundings.
Weird Looking Frogs
The purple frog is another weird-looking amphibian that was discovered in 2003. They spend the majority of the year buried underground. They can be found all over India and are endangered as well. They look bloated and are more rounded than normal frogs. Another frog species in this group is the ghost frog. They are commonly found in the Skeleton Gorge in Africa, which may be the reason they got the name ghost frogs.
The Malagasy rainbow frogs are known as a species of frogs that are highly decorated with brightly colored patterns on their backs. They can inflate their bodies when they feel they are under threat and can climb vertical rock surfaces.
The Chile Darwin’s frog is a species whose males keep the young in their mouths to protect them. They have not been seen since 1980, and they could be completely extinct by now. The Gardiner’s Seychelles frog can be considered a weird-looking amphibian solely for the fact that it is incredibly small. It is regarded as the world’s smallest frog species, with adults that can grow up to 11 millimeters in length.
What are the world's largest amphibians?
Chinese giant salamanders are the world’s largest amphibians that can grow up to 6 feet long.
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