The Astounding Geographical Wonders Of Brazil

By Loraine Balita-Centeno on July 7 2020 in Travel

Lencois Maranhenses National Park, Brazil, with its white sand dunes interspersed with blue lagoons. Image credit: T photography/Shutterstock.com
Lencois Maranhenses National Park, Brazil, with its white sand dunes interspersed with blue lagoons. Image credit: T photography/Shutterstock.com
  • From lush rainforests to majestic and towering waterfalls, Brazil’s unique typography and location make it rich in geographical wonders ready to be explored.
  • Brazil’s Glass Falls is a towering natural wonder located in Bahia that features a 340 meter or around 1,246 feet drop.
  • Brazil has powdery white dunes in a national park called Lencois Maranhenses which means ‘bedsheets’ since the sand looks like linens from afar.

Beautiful, vibrant Brazil has so much in store for people who are willing to explore beyond Rio. Its stunning landscape and diverse fauna make it a wonderland for travelers and explorers in search of natural gems to discover. From lush rainforests to majestic and towering waterfalls, Brazil’s unique topography and location make it rich in geographical wonders ready to be explored. Here is a list of Brazil’s hidden gems and natural wonders you definitely shouldn’t miss.

10. Iguazu Falls

Iguazu waterfalls. Image credit: Aleksei Sarkisov/Shutterstock.com
Iguazu waterfalls. Image credit: Aleksei Sarkisov/Shutterstock.com

This mammoth natural wonder never seizes to disappoint. It draws more than a million tourists every year and turns even the most jaded traveler into a wide-eyed enthusiast. The huge waterfall that runs from Brazil to bordering Argentina is so massive it will make you look and feel tiny amidst the sheer power of the water. Made up of 275 waterfalls in total, it spans 2.7 kilometers and the tallest one features a dizzying 80-meter drop. It’s three times as wide as the famous Niagara Falls of Canada.

9. Chapada dos Veadeiros

Loquinhas Waterfall (Cachoeira Loquinhas) at Chapada dos Veadeiros, Brazil. Image credit: Larissa Chilanti/Shutterstock.com
Loquinhas Waterfall (Cachoeira Loquinhas) at Chapada dos Veadeiros, Brazil. Image credit: Larissa Chilanti/Shutterstock.com

This national park features enchanted waterfalls and lakes that look like they could be home to fairies and mermaids. This natural gem is famous for its stunning quartz crystal rock formations that many believe to have healing powers. The entire park sits on a billion-year-old giant slab of rock crystal that has a high concentration of minerals and ores. The place is so rich in gems, visitors often find crystals in the dirt while hiking along the trails.

8. Cachoeira da Fumaça (Smoke Falls)

Man looking at Cachoeira da Fumaça (Smoke Waterfall), Vale do Capão, Chapada Diamantina National Park, Brazil. Image credit: Larissa Chilanti/Shutterstock.com
Man looking at Cachoeira da Fumaça (Smoke Waterfall), Vale do Capão, Chapada Diamantina National Park, Brazil. Image credit: Larissa Chilanti/Shutterstock.com

Also known as Glass Falls, this towering natural wonder located in Bahia Brazil features a 340 meter or around 1,246 feet drop. It's a dramatic drop on the side of a tall cliff amidst the Chapada Diamantina mountains. Discovered in the 60s by a pilot named George Glass, it is the country’s second-highest waterfall. Locals call it the Smoke Falls since the force from the tall drop seems to make the water turn into smoke as it lands. It’s not for the faint-hearted but it’s a beautiful sight to see.

7. Lençois Maranhenses

Aerial view of Lencois Maranhenses National Park, Brazil. Image credit: T photography/Shutterstock.com
Aerial view of Lencois Maranhenses National Park, Brazil. Image credit: T photography/Shutterstock.com

Who knew you could also find beautiful dunes in a country famous for its lush rainforest? Located in Northern Brazil is a national park that features vast white dunes as far as the eyes can see. Lencois Maranhenses means ‘bedsheets’ since the powdery white dunes look like linens from afar. It is not considered a desert since it collects a fair amount of precipitation every year, a pool of which stays collected between the dunes forming gorgeous emerald lagoons.

6. Poco Encantado

Poço Encantado, Chapada Diamantina. Image credit: Caio Pederneiras/Shutterstock.com
Poço Encantado, Chapada Diamantina. Image credit: Caio Pederneiras/Shutterstock.com

This magical-looking cave is a spectacular sight that features a water-filled cavern that’s rich in minerals. Nestled within a cave, the pool looks stunning at certain times of the day when sunlight directly hits the water illuminating the surface making it look transparent. You could see the rock formations sitting 30 to 60 meters deep into the water. The pristine lagoon is a favorite spot among photographers who come to capture the moment when the sun hits the water.

5. Fernando de Noronha

Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Image credit: Marcelo Alex/Shutterstock.com
Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Image credit: Marcelo Alex/Shutterstock.com

Made up of 21 separate islands, this archipelago is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.  Its islands are composed of volcanic peaks from a submerged group of mountains. These volcanic islands feature protected areas where fauna are left away from the interference of humans. Only a handful of visitors are allowed to visit at a time, only 420 people to be exact. This is done to protect its teeming wildlife and pristine beaches.

4. Pantanal

A jaguar in Brazil's Pantanal. Image credit: Reisegraf.ch/Shutterstock.com
A jaguar in Brazil's Pantanal. Image credit: Reisegraf.ch/Shutterstock.com

Covering an area of 140,000 to 195,000 square miles, the Pantanal is the world’s largest wetlands. It’s famous for its giant water lily pods named Victoria Amazonica by English botanist John Lindley as a tribute to Queen Victoria. The area is home to several unique animals like the jabiru, hyacinth macaws, cocoi heron, and the capybara. The wetlands are replenished yearly by rainfall from November to March. By March or April, the water will start to recede to be refilled again with rainfall in a few months.

3. Serra dos Órgãos Mountain Range

The Organ Mountain Range National Park (Parque Nacional da Serra dos Órgãos - PARNASO) - Rio de Janeiro. Image credit: Antonio Salaverry/Shutterstock.com
The Organ Mountain Range National Park (Parque Nacional da Serra dos Órgãos - PARNASO) - Rio de Janeiro. Image credit: Antonio Salaverry/Shutterstock.com

This spiky mountain range is located within a national park that covers an area of around 20,000 hectares. The name Serra Dos Orgaos refers to the shape of the mountains that resembles the tip of church pipe organs. It attracts many hikers who traverse its lowland and highland forests that are teeming with exotic birds and other wildlife. Aside from its lush forest, the trails also feature waterfalls that offer refreshing respite for trekkers.

2. Dunes of Jalapao

Sunset on the dunes of Jalapao State Park is one of the most popular tourist attractions in this region of the state of Tocantins. Image credit: Ticiana Giehl/Shutterstock.com
Sunset on the dunes of Jalapao State Park is one of the most popular tourist attractions in this region of the state of Tocantins. Image credit: Ticiana Giehl/Shutterstock.com

Located within the Jalapao national park, these bright orange dunes are among the country’s hidden gems. This mesmerizing landscape came as a result of the erosion of the rocky mountains in the area. The desert-like feature is located alongside waterfalls, hot spring pools, and canyons within the vicinity of the  Jalapao State Park. The dunes are best seen in the late afternoon and many watch the sunset from the area to see the sun seemingly touch the orange sand.

1. Abismo Guy Collet

This remote area in Brazil is considered the deepest cave in all of South America and has a depth of 671 meters. Located in a tepui, it is surrounded by lush jungle and is considered the deepest quartzite cave in the world. It was first explored only in 2006 by a joint Brazilian and Italian expedition. The bottom features a small lake but much of its caverns remain undiscovered. Explorers are still trying to explore its connection to other caves in the region.

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