Algeria is a unitary, sovereign state in North Africa with a unitary, semi-presidential form of government. Arabic and Berber are the two official languages, but a sizable number of Algerians speak French. The country has an estimated population of 40,400,000 people with 99% of them being Berber-Arabs. Algeria is the largest country in Africa located in the Northern parts of the continent. The Algerian government is led by a president ad a prime minister. This article discusses the role of an Algerian prime minister and some of the notable personalities to have held the post.
Belaid Abdesalam was born in 1928 and served as a prime minister of Algeria from July of 1992 until he resigned in August of 1993. He was a nationalist leader in the National Liberation Front (FLN) which was the principal national movement during the Algerian war. Abdesalam has served in other various capacities including serving as the minister of industry and power. He initiated the Algerian state policy of making a base for a healthy economy. It was during his reign that the government intensified its conflicts with Islamist rebels and this later led to his resignation.
Malek was one of the shortest-serving prime ministers in the history of Algeria, with his tenure starting in August of 1993 and ending in April of 1994.He was born in 1931 and became an editor of the FLN newspaper between 1957 and 1962. He has served in an Ambassadorial position to countries such as Yugoslavia, France, the Soviet Union, United States and the United Kingdom. He also served as a minister of information and culture and also as the foreign minister. During his tenure as the prime minister, he pursued a hard-line anti-Islamist policy. One of his significant achievements as the premier was negotiating debt relief with the international monetary fund which was a success. After the presidential election in 1995, Malek became a head of a minor political party known as the National Republican Alliance (ANR).
Sid Ahmed Ghozali
Ghozali was born in 1937 in Maghnia and served as Algeria's prime minister from 1991 until 1992. He had previously served as a minister in the ministries of energy, finance, and foreign affairs, respectively. He was also an ambassador to France in 1979. In January of 1992, the then-president Chadli Bendje resigned, and the military took over the government, but Ghozali still retained his position as the prime minister. He resigned in June 1992 and ran for the presidency in 1999. He tried the presidency again in 2004 but was disqualified by the constitutional council.
Sifi was born in 1940 and later became a member of parliament. He served as a prime minister from April of 1994 until December of 1995. He favored a market-oriented economy. He also advocated for no amnesty to the Islamic Salvation Front which is a Sunni Islamic group with an objective of forming an Islamic state ruled by Sharia law.
Roles and Responsibilities of the Algerian Prime Minister
The duties of the Algerian Prime Minister are found in chapter six of the nation’s constitution. The prime minister is the senior-most of the ministers in the executive branch, and is responsible for implementing the programs adopted by the assembly. He also signs the executive decree after the presidential approval and appoints the employees of the state
|Prime Ministers of Algeria Since 1979||Term(s) in Office|
|Mohamed Ben Ahmed Abdelghani||1979-1984|
|Sid Ahmed Ghozali||1991-1992|
|Ahmed Ouyahia||1995-1998; 2003-2006; 2008-2012|
|Abdelmalek Sellal (Incumbent)||2012-Present|