Sexually Transmitted Infections are prevalent in most developing countries. Over one billion people are affected by HIV/AIDS worldwide according to 2014 UNAIDS report. The figure shows a significant reduction of those infected by the disease. Most countries around the world have put in efforts to combat AIDS. One of the most common tools that have aided the drop in the rate of infection is the use of condoms. Some of the developing countries where the prevalence of condom use is high include.
Namibia is one of the countries with the highest rates of HIV/AIDS infection worldwide. AIDS is the number one killer disease in Namibia with 50% of HIV/AIDS-related deaths affecting youths between the age of 15 years and 24 years. The government of Namibia together with UNAIDS and other world health bodies have put in several strategies and efforts to combat AIDS. Some of the efforts which have been put towards changing the behavior of youths include comprehensive sex education that covers the risk of premarital sex and the need to abstain from sexual activities, faithfulness, and use of condoms. NaSoMa which was formed in 1999 has worked towards ensuring that Namibians can easily access affordable and quality condoms and also communicate behavior change to youths. In 2014 USAIDS reported a 79% condom use by sexually active males between 15-24 years old. The figures signify an improvement in condom use among the youths compared to 2013.
According to 2014 UNAIDS report on Gabon, 45,000 people are infected with AIDS. The majority of the affected people are aged between 15-49 years. The prevalence rate for the same age bracket is 3.8%. The government of Gabon has embarked on sensitizing its citizens on the risks of unprotected sex, abstinence, and importance. Campaign for condom use is championed by NGOs and other health organizations. In 2014 USAID reported 74% of sexually active youths using condoms in Gabon.
The government in Cameroon is struggling to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS. Pregnancy among sexually active groups in Cameroon is high, and the government can only estimate the number of youths engaging in sexual activities. The government of Cameron is currently implementing youth-oriented programs where the primary focus is the use of condoms to prevent STIs and early pregnancy. There is no specific information regarding the number of condom use among the youths, but UNAIDS estimates indicate that 64% of those aged between 15-24 years used condoms in 2014. Cultural norms and fear of purchasing condoms are some of the factors slowing the use of condoms in Cameroon.
Economic challenges such as poverty and unemployment in Kyrgyzstan has led to an increase in the number of sex workers among the youths leading to an increase in HIV/AIDS epidemic. Though Kyrgyzstan is categorized as a low HIV prevalence country, socio-economic factors have necessitated the government to put up measures of curbing the spread of HIV/AIDS. A comprehensive sex education was introduced as part of school curriculum, but this has since been dropped because of content issues. The government is currently working on promoting condom use among the vulnerable groups. The campaign saw a total of 64% of those aged between 15-24 years use condoms in 2014. However, the government feels that sex education is the best approach to deal with the spread of Aids.
While the use of condom has been a success story in developing countries, its use has faced significant opposition and other challenges. The main opposition has come from Catholic Church that considers it a form of family planning. Cultural practices and perceptions have also limited the use of condoms in developing countries.
Prevalence Of Condom Use In The Developing World
|Rank||Country||Self-Reported Condom Use by Sexually Active Males Ages 15-24|
|13||Republic of the Congo||51%|
|26||Democratic Republic of the Congo||24%|