Immigration refers to the movement of people from their countries of birth to other nations for various reasons such as work, education, adventure, terrorism, and strife and war. People that move from their countries of origin to other states are called immigrants. The world’s immigrant population has been gradually increasing within the recent past. More specifically, countries whose population consists of the highest number of immigrants include the Vatican City, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, American Samoa, Kuwait, Caribbean Netherlands, Monaco, Falkland Islands, Sint Maarten, and United States Virgin Islands.
Countries With The Highest Immigrant Population
According to the United Nations, the current population of the Vatican City is 801. The country is an enclave of Rome, Italy. It is independent with residents from various countries such as Switzerland, Argentina, and Italy among others. Some of the common languages spoken within the country are Italian, French, and Latin. Every resident of the Vatican City is an immigrant. Hence, 100% of Vatican City’s population is made up of immigrants. Most people come into the country as workers. To become a citizen of Vatican City, one has to obtain papal approval.
United Arab Emirates
The population of the United Arab Emirates quickly rose from 4.1 million in 2005 to almost 9.6 million in 2018. The rapid population growth in the country is attributed to the major economic growth which led to an influx of expatriate workers migrating into the nation. 83.7% of the population are immigrants while 16.3% are UAE citizens. A large percentage of the immigrants originally come from South Asia. Male workers dominate the country as there are only 28% female workers in the UAE. 75% of the population lives in Abu Dhabi (highest population), Dubai, and Sharjah.
The latest UN statistics indicate that Qatar’s population is approximately 2.7 million. Majority of the country’s inhabitants live in Doha which is the country’s capital city. Notably, foreign workers constitute 73.8% of Qatar’s population. Consequently, less than 30% of the population is made up of Qatar nationals. The major nationalities that occupy the state include Indians, Nepali, and Filipinos. Filipinos are the third largest group of expatriates in Qatar. The labor population in Qatar consists of more men than women.
American Samoa’s population is made up of 71.2% immigrants. The total population of American Samoa is 55,694. Consequently, only about 16,000 people are originally American Samoans. Most of the population of this country live in urban regions.
Challenges and Benefits of High Immigration Rates
As discussed above, the immigrants are drawn to different nations for different reasons such as job opportunities. However, immigrants also pose challenges such as high costs by the government to provide basic human needs such as food, water, shelter, and education. Such costs, in turn, apply pressure on a country’s economy as states have to spend more than their budgets. Nevertheless, the provision of labor by the foreign workers lead to more revenue earned and thus improved economies. In fact, Qatar and UAE rank among the world’s richest countries.
List of Countries By Immigrant Population
|Rank||Country||Percentage of Population That Has Immigrated (UN, 2013)|
|2||United Arab Emirates||83.7|
|10||United States Virgin Islands||59.3|
|14||Isle of Man||52.0|
|16||Northern Mariana Islands||49.9|
|31||British Virgin Islands||32.3|
|32||Antigua and Barbuda||31.9|
|44||Turks and Caicos Islands||24.8|