Greatest Scientific Discoveries Of The 21st Century

By Antonia Čirjak on March 5 2020 in Society

We are living in a time where technology seems to continually improve.
We are living in a time where technology seems to continually improve.
  • The Large Hadron Collider, just by the name of it, could have theoretically created a black hole and swallowed us whole. Instead of disappearing behind the event horizon, we just got the Higgs boson
  • When two neutron stars collided, and we observed the process, gravitational waves were explained. Our main man Einstein, still relevant 100 years later!
  • In 2010, Spain along with the rest of the world witnessed the first-ever full face transplant that ended up being successful.

We are living in a time where technology seems to continually improve. Because of that, the world can be explained and viewed through different goggles. But, the change that technology introduces does not remain only ‘’theoretical’’, and if you want to be blatant, it also affects the reality of everyday life.

In the fields of science, an infinite number of questions are asked at any given moment, and here are some of the answers that shape the very notion of life and the universe around us.  

10. Hydrated Salts On Mars

NASA found hydrated salts on Mars in 2015.
NASA found hydrated salts on Mars in 2015.

NASA did not find water, per se. However, they did find hydrated salts in 2015, which is more than tangible evidence that says how water is or at least was possible on Mars. We all know how important water is for this whole planet to survive, and this kind of breakthrough in humankind’s exploration of Mars implies numerous questions about when or how humankind will colonize other planets. 

9. Dark Matter

In 2006, we became aware of the fact that 68% of the universe that surrounds is made from dark energy or dark matter.
In 2006, we became aware of the fact that 68% of the universe that surrounds is made from dark energy or dark matter.

In 2006, we became aware of the fact that 68% of the universe that surrounds is made from dark energy or dark matter. Still, this revelation remains in the dark when it comes to understanding more about the nature of this type of matter. It is suggested how dark matter has a crucial role when it comes to creating gravity itself. 

8. Higgs, You There?

The Large Hadron Collider of CERN Institute completed the search for Higgs boson in 2012, proving its existence. Image credit: Dominionart / Shutterstock.com
The Large Hadron Collider of CERN Institute completed the search for Higgs boson in 2012, proving its existence. Image credit: Dominionart / Shutterstock.com

The same way in how dark matter is a factor when it comes to gravity so is the Higgs boson when it comes to mass of any matter. Scientists had to build something unique to prove this particle. The Large Hadron Collider of CERN Institute completed the search for Higgs boson in 2012, proving its existence. Luckily, the announced possibility of a black hole creation along the way did not happen. 

7. Matter Moves Waves

In 1916, following the lines of his relativity, Einstein explained how gravitational waves could move through the notion of space-time and create ripples.
In 1916, following the lines of his relativity, Einstein explained how gravitational waves could move through the notion of space-time and create ripples.

Adding to the concepts of matter and mass, 100 years after Einstein proposed this theory, gravitational waves were detected. In 1916, following the lines of his relativity, Einstein explained how gravitational waves could move through the notion of space-time and create ripples.

In 2017, two neutron stars collided. Quite a collision it was, because of the crashing of two ultra-dense objects like that created ripples that could be detected from Earth. 

6. Alternate Sources Of Energy

So far, a company called Cleantech is quite successful in developing technology that turns water into fuel
So far, a company called Cleantech is quite successful in developing technology that turns water into fuel

Talking about relativity and how much resources we have remaining on Earth is a question that needs to raise concern. Not all of them are renewable, some of them are polluted, and people around the globe are figuring out ways to keep the planet from dying, and still retain a moderate amount of things that create a modern lifestyle.

So far, a company called Cleantech is quite successful in developing technology that turns water into fuel. They can create so-called synthetic diesel. 

5. How About A New Sleeve?

The stem cell research sure showed again the beauty of regeneration, and how it saves living organisms. 
The stem cell research sure showed again the beauty of regeneration, and how it saves living organisms. 

Sorry about the poor Altered Carbon reference, but it seems that we are close to creating organs in a laboratory. Not only parts of the skin, but a heart, lungs, kidneys - the stem cell research sure showed again the beauty of regeneration, and how it saves living organisms. 

4. Yes, I Could Use A New Face!

In 2010, a first successful full face transplant happened in Spain
In 2010, a first successful full face transplant happened in Spain

Leaving all the SF puns aside, in 2010, a first successful full face transplant happened in Spain. In the last decade, the fact that this is now possible helped numerous kids born with different facial defects and people that suffered severe trauma on their skin.

3. Three-Parent Baby

The technology behind this way of creating life is stunning.
The technology behind this way of creating life is stunning.

You can think of the ethical questions that this kind of procedure raises for yourself. Still, the technology behind this way of creating life is stunning. If there is any irregularity with the mother’s mitochondria, the scientists now have a way to remove the nucleus from the egg altogether.

So, the three-parent system works like this: father’s sperm, one mother’s nucleus, and the second mother’s egg. In 2018, the first macaques created this way were born in China.

2. The Cancer Blueprint

In 2003, the Human Genome Project completed super important research.
In 2003, the Human Genome Project completed super important research.

In 2003, the Human Genome Project completed super important research. They finished researching the human genome and figured out what kind of mutations lead to cancer. This was immediately implemented into research against fighting leukemia, eczema, and diabetes.

1. Still Fighting HIV

In 2007, another huge success happened, as a doctor Gerol Hütter, cured Timothy Ray Brown by healing him with bone marrow from a person that was HIV-immune. 
In 2007, another huge success happened, as a doctor Gerol Hütter, cured Timothy Ray Brown by healing him with bone marrow from a person that was HIV-immune. 

Although the mortality associated with HIV has decreased in the 21st century, this disease continues to be a health issue all over the world. It is estimated that more than 35 million people worldwide live with the condition.

In 2007, another huge success happened, as a doctor Gerol Hütter, cured Timothy Ray Brown by healing him with bone marrow from a person that was HIV-immune. 

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