An Internet host, sometimes referred to as a network host, is a computing device or server connected to other computers in the internet using the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP). TCP/IP enables fast, error-free, and orderly internet communications. Internet hosts are in two groups, servers and clients. Logically the terms hosts, servers, and clients came about because a computer “hosts” and “serves” the “clients.” In general, servers, due to their number of tasks, usually have more than one IP address whereas hosts are in forms of network groups. On the other hand, a remote host refers to a computer that is in a specific network while its current user is in a different location. However, when used as a verb, the word “to host” means providing the necessary internet infrastructure for other hosts.
Internet Hosts by Country
Internet computing is taking over and changing the world. Technology is constantly advancing and what may have been relevant three years ago is mostly irrelevant today. Countries are not being left behind either as many are in the race to capitalize on this efficient service. The US, Japan, Brazil, and China are among the countries that have the most Internet hosts according to the CIA World Factbook of 2012.
The US led by 505,000,000 hosts in 2012, a number that has definitely increased since. Arguably the birthplace and global headquarters of the internet, this country is home to the major internet and computing giants like Google, Facebook, Twitter, Cisco, Oracle, Adobe, Netflix, and Microsoft, among others. From the advent of the internet, the US has constantly led the way by providing innovative solutions on this platform in the form of applications, software, and hardware. The internet is actively used by 78.2% of US citizens.
Japan is another technology giant famous for its advancements in robotics and other futuristic innovations that drive the world’s third-largest economy. In 2012, Japan had 64,453,000 internet hosts and just like the US, this number has increased immensely to date. With big names like Toshiba, Panasonic, Fujitsu, Sharp, and Sony among many others, Japan has consistently improved its application of technology to different socioeconomic sectors. Japan is also among the countries that expose children to computing education at an early age and currently, estimates show that 78.7% of the population are active internet users.
With only 56.8% of the population being active Internet users, Brazil has the third highest number of Internet hosts with 26,577,000, globally. In 2016, the exact number of internet users stood at 140 million, thus being the largest internet market in South America. Projections show that by 2021, 61% of the population will be active internet users, especially on smartphone platforms. Many technology companies have set base in Brazil, and the country also has an innovative young generation that has produced several remarkable technology startups to solve socioeconomic issues in the country.
The Future of Internet Hosts
With increased access to smartphones, tablets, and personal computers, the number of internet hosts and users will increase tremendously in the future. Also fueling this is the fact that several platforms and resources made it easy for people to quickly learn to code and other forms of computing. Developing countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America are continuously releasing innovative solutions to the social problems facing them. Examples include mobile banking apps, sanitary pad apps, and farming apps, among others.