The abbreviation Caltech is used to refer to the California Institute of Technology. The university is a private institution found in Pasadena, California in the US. Caltech is a doctorate-granting university that was initially founded as a vocational school and preparatory in 1891 by Amos G. Throop. The university was renamed in 1921 to its current name. Caltech is one among the few institutions in the United States that dwell majorly on impacting knowledge on applied sciences and technical arts.
A local businessman cum politician Amos G. Throop founded the institution as a vocational school. In 1907, the preparatory program was split to become a Polytechnic School and the vocational school disbanded.
A solar astronomer George Ellery Hale introduced scientific research in the institution in 1907 when he joined the trustees’ board. In 1910, Arther Fleming donated a land that Throop move into and that’s where the institution is located up to date. By 1920, Caltech had already gained prominence. In the year 1925, a division of humanities was created as the school established a geological department.
Caltech was founded in 1891 by Amos G. Throop as a preparatory and vocational school and was referred to as the Throop College of Technology. In the 20th century, the institution caught the eyes of the then influential scientist namely; Robert Andrews Millikan, Arthur Amos Noyes, and George Ellery Hale. In the year 1910, the preparatory and vocational schools were disbanded and took its present name in 1921. California Institute of Technology joined the Association of American Universities.
California Institute of Technology is registered as a not for profit organization that is administrated by a board of trustees made up of 46 privately appointed individuals. The trustees serve for five years and elect a president who represents the board in administering the affairs of the institute. The current president is David L. Lee.
Caltech is structured into six academics divisions that are, Chemistry and Chemical engineering, Biology and Biological engineering, Planetary and Geological Sciences, Engineering and Applied Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences and Mathematics, Physics and Astronomy.
The institution offers four-year graduate programs that are divided in a quarter system.
Since the year 2011, Caltech has been ranked first by the (THEWUR). The institution was ranked the best in the world in Technology & Physical Science and Engineering categories. Caltech was ranked 6th in the United States and 8th worldwide in 2016 by Academic Rankings of World Universities in the category of scientific research and bibliometric data. In 2012, Caltech was ranked 5th in the world and 4th in the U.S by the Center for University Rankings.
Caltech has a total of over 22,930 alumni that live in the United States and even around the world. Some of the notable alumni include; noble laureates, Douglas D. Osheroff BS 1967, Carl David Anderson BS 1927, William Shockley BS 1932, Edwin McMillan BS 1928 and Vernon Smith BS 1949. Another notable alumnus is the United States Senator and Astronaut Harrison Schmitt and Mustafa A.G Abushagur who is the Libyan Deputy Prime Minister. Alumni of the institution are numerous around the world.