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2014 Hurricane Season / Hurricane Names 2014

Each year Between June and December, the North Atlantic Ocean offers peak conditions for the creation of strong cyclonic storms; Hurricanes. These immense storms cause massive rains, incredibly strong winds, and bring surge effects that raise ocean levels thousands of miles from the storm centre.

Because of their power, and memorable effects on cities, coastlines, and anything that gets in their way, people's names are given in order to distinguish these from ordinary weather events.

The following list provides the 2014 list of names and storm status.

Hurricane Edouard from the ISS

Storm Names - 2014 Season

Hurricane strom surge hits Maine coast

Image via: bangordailynews.com

Arthur: Reached Category 2 – Affected: Bahamas, USA, Canada – July 1 to 5

Bertha: Reached Category 1 – Affected: Lesser Antilles, Greater Antilles, Turks and Caicos, Bahamas, USA, Europe – August 1 to 6

Cristobal: Reached Category 1 – Affected: Greater Antilles, Turks and Caicos, Bahamas, Bermuda, USA, Iceland – August 23 to 29

Dolly: Reached Tropical Storm – Affected: Mexico, USA – September 1 to 3

Edouard: Category 3 – No Affected Areas - September 11 to 19

Fay: Reached Category 1 – Affected Bermuda – October 10 to 13

Gonzalo: Reached Category 4 – Affected Antigua, Saint Martin, Bermuda, Newfoundland, UK, France, Germany, Italy, Greece – October 12 to 19

Hanna: Reached Tropical – Affected Mexico, Belize, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Central America – October 22 to October 28

Isaias: Unused

Josephine: Unused

Kyle: Unused

Laura: Unused

Marco: Unused

Nana: Unused

Omar: Unused

Paulette: Unused

Rene: Unused

Sally: Unused

Teddy: Unused

Vicky: Unused

Wilfred: Unused

Why Are Hurricanes Named?

Hurricane Sandy Flooding in Marblehead Mass

Image via: wikipedia.org

For a few hundred years, Caribbean tradition dictated that Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes were named after whichever Catholic Saint Day it was when the storm hit land. Though naming storms never entirely died out, in America, it eventually became standard practice to refer to these storms by their latitude and longitude. That proved to be a fairly difficult practice to maintain, as it was confusing to communicate and led to more than a few mix-ups.

The 1940s brought about the standard of using women's names for specifying storms – women's names were used because the meteorologists felt female monikers would best reflect the unpredictable and destructive nature of a storm.

Mixing Male And Female Names

Hurricane Irene from Satelite

Image via: nasa.gov

Naturally, having hugely destructive and deadly storms exclusively branded with women's names was not considered acceptable for very long, and in 1978 the switch was made to officially start alternating the names of Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes between male and female names.

Interestingly, it seems the gender associated with the name might have an effect on the perceived threat of that storm, and by extension, the deadliness of the destruction. A University of Illinois study published in June 2014 found that death tolls were higher with storms with traditionally female names than those with names that are traditionally male.

Still, the point stands: don't underestimate a storm that's named for a lady.

Now, Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes are named alphabetically - in order of appearance, and alternate between men's and women's names. Even numbered years begin and end with a male name, and odd-numbered years begin and end with female names.

When more than 21 hurricanes and tropical storms appear in a single year, the list switches over to letters of the Greek alphabet, from Alpha through to Omega. The last time that happened, the 2005 season, saw the total number of storms hit 27, with the last six named Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, and Zeta, respectively.

Retiring A Storm's Name

Hurricane Issac flooding around New Orleans

Image via: huffingtonpost.com

Similar to how a sports star's jersey number might be retired for exceptional performance, a particularly deadly storm can have its name retired by the hurricane and tropical storm naming body, a United Nations agency called the World Meteorological Organization.

Typically, storm names are on a list that is a part of a six year cycle, meaning all the names from a given year will be repeated six years later. The exception is when there is a storm that is notable for how destructive and/or deadly it was. After such a storm, the WMO will vote on a replacement name for that cycle, and will retire the old name.

Retired Storms

Debris Flying durring Hurricane Charley

Image via: southernselfstorage.com

Here is a list of the storms that have been retired by the WMO, dating back to 1954. All storms are listed in alphabetical order.

Agnes - 1972

Alicia - 1983

Allen - 1980

Allison - 2001

Andrew - 1992

Anita - 1977

Audrey - 1957

Betsy - 1965

Beulah - 1967

Bob - 1991

Camille - 1969

Carla - 1961

Carmen - 1974

Carol - 1954

Celia - 1970

Cesar - 1996

Charley - 2004

Cleo - 1964

Connie - 1955

David - 1979

Dean - 2007

Dennis - 2005

Diana - 1990

Diane - 1955

Donna - 1960

Dora - 1964

Edna - 1968

Elena - 1985

Eloise - 1975

Fabian - 2003

Felix - 2007

Fifi - 1974

Flora - 1963

Floyd - 1999

Fran - 1996

Frances - 2004

Frederic - 1979

Georges - 1998

Gilbert - 1988

Gloria - 1985

Gustav - 2008

Hattie - 1961

Hazel - 1954

Hilda - 1964

Hortense - 1996

Hugo - 1989

Igor - 2010

Ike - 2008

Inez - 1966

Ingrid - 2013

Ione - 1955

Irene - 2011

Iris - 2001

Isabel - 2003

Isidore - 2002

Ivan - 2004

Janet - 1955

Jeanne - 2004

Joan - 1988

Juan - 2003

Katrina - 2005

Keith - 2000

Klaus - 1990

Lenny - 1999

Lili - 2002

Luis - 1995

Marilyn - 1995

Michelle - 2001

Mitch - 1998

Noel - 2007

Opal - 1995

Paloma - 2008

Rita - 2005

Roxanne - 1995

Sandy - 2012

Stan - 2005

Tomas - 2010

Wilma - 2005

About the Author

John Moen is a cartographer who along with his wife are the orignal founders of worldatlas.com. He and his wife, Chris Woolwine-Moen, produced thousands of award-winning maps that are used all over the world and content that aids students, teachers, travelers and parents with their geography and map questions. Today, it's one of the most popular educational sites on the web.

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This page was last updated on June 16, 2020.