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South America –Timeline cont.

timeline

1500's

  • 1500 Portuguese explorer Alvares Cabra lands in Brazil
  • 1516 Juan Solis discovers the Rio de la Plata
  • 1520 Ferdinand Magellan sails through Tierra del Fuego
  • 1521 Cortez defeats the Aztecs; conquers their capital
  • 1526 The Spaniards establish Santa Marta, Colombia
  • 1532 Francisco Pizarro conquers Ecuador
  • 1533 Spanish Conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro, conquered much of the existing Inca territory including the Inca capital of Cuzco
  • 1533 Cartagena founded by the Spanish
  • 1535 Lima, Peru is founded
  • 1536 Buenos Aires, Argentina established
  • 1537 Asuncion, Paraguay founded
  • 1540 Chile explored by Valdivia
  • 1541 Buenos Aires, Argentina abandoned
  • 1545 Silver discovered in Potosi, Bolivia
  • 1548 La Paz, Bolivia established by the Spanish
  • 1550 African slaves arrive in Brazil
  • 1552 Cattle imported into Argentina and Paraguay
  • 1555 Smallpox epidemic along coastal Brazil
  • 1567 Caracas, Venezuela founded
  • 1571 Inca leader Tupac Amaru beheaded
  • 1555 British pirates pillage Valparaiso, Chile
  • 1580 Buenos Aires re-established
1600's
  • 1613 Serious smallpox outbreak sacks Brazil
  • 1616 Dutch explorer Schouten sails around Cape Horn
  • 1621 Dutch West India Company invades Guyana
  • 1629 Dutch troops conquer Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1647 Strong earthquake strikes Santiago
  • 1693 Gold discovered in Brazil
  • 1697 Pirates raid Cartagena, Colombia
1700's
  • 1711 War of the Mascates begins in Brazil
  • 1720 Spain ends its repressive labor practices
  • 1711 Easter Island discovered
  • 1729 Montevideo, Uruguay established
  • 1711 Diamonds discovered in Brazil
  • 1743 University founded in Santiago
  • 1759 Spanish expelled Jesuits from Brazil
  • 1777 Venezuela established administrative divisions
  • 1783 Indio rebellion is defeated in Peru
  • 1791 Chile forbids forced labor of indigenous people
  • 1797 British raid and conquer Trinidad
  • 1799 Brazil's populations exceeds three million
1800's
  • 1800 Peru's population in sharp decline
  • 1806 Rio de Janeiro largest city in Brazil
  • 1800 Britain takes Buenos Aires from Spain
  • 1807 Locals expel Britain from Buenos Aires
  • 1808 After Napoleon invaded Portugal, The King of Portugal (Dom Joao) moved his capital city to Brazil
  • 1811 Brazil signs exclusive trade deal with Britain
  • 1813 Simon Bolivar invades Venezuela from Bogota
  • 1814 Bernardo O'Higgins leads Chilean rebels
  • 1814 Bolivar defeated, expelled from Venezuela; O'Higgins is defeated and flees to Argentina
  • 1818 Colombia abolishes slavery by law
  • 1818 Chile declares its independence from Spain
  • 1819 Gran Colombia (Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador) is established, Simon Bolivar is president
  • 1820 Civil war all but destroys Argentina
  • 1820 Dom Joao returns to Portugal, Pedro (his son) appointed governor of Brazil
  • 1821 Peru declares its independence
  • 1823 Simon Bolivar arrives in Lima
  • 1820 Portugal & USA recognize independent Brazil
  • 1832 Ecuador claims Galapagos Islands
  • 1833 Britain invades Falkland Islands
  • 1832 Ecuador claims Galapagos Islands
  • 1834 Civil War breaks out in Peru
  • 1838 Brazil imports thousands of African slaves
  • 1841 Jose Ballivian appointed president of Bolivia
  • 1851-52 Cattle is now Argentina's largest export
  • 1852 Slavery abolished in Uruguay
  • 1860 Peru enacts a new constitution
  • 1862 Ecuador declares war on Colombia
  • 1864 Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay attack Paraguay
  • 1869 Argentina population approaches two million
  • 1876 Peru population approaches three million
  • 1882 Maximo Santos elected President of Uruguay
  • 1888 Chile annexes Easter Island
  • 1888 Slavery abolished in Brazil
  • 1888 Ecuador claims Galapagos Islands


1900's

  • 1902 Uruguay's population exceeds one million
  • 1903 Jose Battle y Ordonez elected President of Uruguay; the first civilian president of Uruguay
  • 1905 Riots over high prices in Santiago, Chile
  • 1910 Hermes da Fonseca elected President of Brazil
  • 1912 After many years of construction the subway opens in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1917 Oil discovered in western Venezuela
  • 1925 With its new president installed, Chile has now had over 120 different governments since 1892
  • 1929 Venezuela is now the world's second largest producer of oil
  • 1931 The President of Chile resigns under fire
  • 1937 Exports in Chile triple in five years
  • 1940 Peru's population now exceeds seven million
  • 1945 First open and free election held in Peru
  • 1946 Venezuela holds first free elections
  • 1949 Josef Mengele, the Nazi war criminal, secretly arrived in Argentina
  • 1949 Juan Peron, President of Argentina, stifles free speech and other personal freedoms
  • 1950-55 European immigrants by the tens of thousands continue to arrive in South America countries
  • 1950 Brazil population now exceeds 50 million
  • 1952 Eva Peron, the First Lady of Argentina dies, millions mourn her passing
  • 1957 Students riot in Chile over college costs
  • 1960 9.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Chile
  • 1960 Nazi Adolf Eichmann arrested in Argentina
  • 1970 Brazil population now exceeds 90 million
  • 1971 Chile's Pablo Neruda awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1973 Chile general, Augusto Pinochet, begins his long, brutal dictatorship
  • 1976 Chile's population now exceeds 11 million
  • 1979 A subway opens in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1981 Ecuador's president dies in an plane crash
  • 1983 Bolivia holds its first free elections
  • 1987 Colombia's drug cartels terrorize the country; thousands would die over the next few years
  • 1988 Pinochet resigns, his dictatorship over
  • 1990 Argentina's inflation exceeds 8,000%; the economy falls into a rapid decline
  • 1992 Venezuela survives a coup by Hugo Chavez
  • 1993 The world's most famous drug lord, Pablo Escobar, is killed by police in Colombia
  • 1996-98 FARC kills dozens of Colombian soldiers
  • 1998 Hugo Chavez elected President of Venezuela
2000's
  • 2000 Brazil's population exceeds 170 million
  • 2000 The economy of Argentina totally collapses
  • 2002 Brazil wins soccer world cup for the fifth time
  • 2002 Luiz Inacio Lula elected in Brazil
  • 2003 Bolivian landslide kills hundreds
  • 2004 Fire in Paraguay mall, hundreds dead
  • 2005 Ecuador's President flees the country
  • 2006 Evo Morals, the President of Bolivia, launches a controversial nationalization plan
  • 2007 Drug lord Diego Montoya arrested in Colombia
  • 2007 Cristina Fernandez elected President of Argentina
  • 2008 Ecuador has a new constitution
  • 2010 Argentina approves same-sex marriages
  • 2010 An 8.8 magnitude earthquake strikes Chile, hundreds die
  • 2010 After weeks of planning, Chile finally rescues 33 miners trapped deep underground for 69 days
  • 2010 Dilma Rousseff elected President of Brazil

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This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.