1. World Map/
  2. North America /
  3. North America Timeline

North America History Timeline

North American timeline:

  • 900 Toltec civilization develops in present day Mexico
  • 981 Eric the Red founds the first Nordic settlement in Greenland
  • 1000 Vikings visited coastline of Newfoundland
  • 1327 Aztecs established Mexico City
  • 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas
  • 1510 Spain began settlements in Jamaica
  • 1519 Hernando Cortes defeated the Aztecs
  • 1534 Jacques Cartier charts Gulf of St. Lawrence
  • 1565 Spanish founded Saint Augustine, Florida
  • 1577 Sir Francis Drake explores Pacific Ocean coastlines
  • 1585 English colonists settled on Roanoke Island, Virginia
  • 1598 New Mexico claimed by Spanish Explorers
  • 1607 Jamestown, Virginia settlement established
  • 1608 Quebec founded by Samuel de Champlain
  • 1609 Henry Hudson explored New York Bay and Hudson River
  • 1612 French explorers discovered Lake Huron
  • 1616 Smallpox devastates Native Americans
  • 1620 Pilgrims arrived on Mayflower at Plymouth, MA

1600's

  • 1629 English captured Quebec City
  • 1642 Montreal founded by Sieur de Maisonneuve
  • 1663 Louis XIV assumed control of New France
  • 1664 New Amsterdam renamed to New York
  • 1670 Hudson Bay Company chartered by Charles II
  • 1682 LaSalle explored Mississippi River

1700's

  • 1701 Iroquois, French, English signed peace treaty
  • 1741 Vitus Bering claimed Alaska for Russia
  • 1744 King George's War began
  • 1749 Halifax, Nova Scotia founded
  • 1754 French and Indian War began
  • 1768 British troops began occupation of Boston
  • 1773 Boston Tea Party
  • 1775 American Revolution began
  • 1776 USA gained its independence from Britain
  • 1789 George Washington elected first US president

1800's

  • 1814 Washington captured and burned by British
  • 1814 Mexico declared independence from Spain
  • 1819 Florida ceded by Spain to the United States
  • 1823 Guatemala declared independence
  • 1836 Americans defeated at Battle of the Alamo
  • 1845 United States annexed Republic of Texas
  • 1846 -1848 U.S. - Mexican War
  • 1849 California Gold Rush began
  • 1852 Fire destroyed 11,000 homes in Montreal
  • 1861 U.S. Civil War began
  • 1862 Canadian smallpox killed 200,000 Indians
  • 1865 13th amendment abolished slavery in the U.S.
  • 1865 Civil War ends; President Lincoln assassinated
  • 1867 Dominion of Canada created
  • 1867 U.S. bought Alaska from Russia for $7.2 mil
  • 1896 Gold discovered in Yukon Territory
  • 1898 Spain ceded Puerto Rico and Cuba to US
  • 1898 Spain sells Philippines to U.S. for $20 million

1900's

  • 1900 Hurricane kills 6,000+ in Galveston, Texas
  • 1901 President McKinley assassinated
  • 1902 US opens military base at Guantanamo Bay
  • 1903 US granted control of corridor across Panama
  • 1904 Much of Toronto's downtown destroyed by fire
  • 1906 Great San Francisco earthquake killed 500
  • 1907 Race riots within Vancouver's Chinatown
  • 1909 Peary and Henson reach North Pole
  • 1912 Titanic struck iceberg and sunk, 1503 died
  • 1913 President Madero of Mexico assassinated
  • 1914 Panama Canal completed
  • 1914 World War I began in Europe
  • 1915 Lusitania sank, 1100 died
  • 1916 Haiti became US protectorate
  • 1917 Jones Act gave Puerto Ricans US citizenship
  • 1918 World War I ended
  • 1929 Great Depression began
  • 1932 Amelia Earhart flies solo across Atlantic
  • 1937 Amelia Earhart disappears circling the world
  • 1939 World War II, Hitler attacked Poland
  • 1941 Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
  • 1944 Allies launch D-Day offensive
  • 1945 Enola Gay dropped atomic bomb on Hiroshima
  • 1945 World War II ended
  • 1953 Jonas Salk develops polio vaccine
  • 1959 St. Lawrence Seaway opens
  • 1963 U.S. President John F. Kennedy assassinated
  • 1969 First moon landing
  • 1977 Control of Panama Canal given to Panama
  • 1985 Mexico City Earthquake kills thousands
  • 1986 "Challenger" exploded, 7 astronauts killed
  • 1989 Exxon Valdez wrecks in Prince William Sound
  • 1993 Bomb exploded in World Trade Center
  • 1993 NAFTA enacted, US, Canada and Mexico agree
  • 1995 Mexican banking crisis, US aids in crisis
  • 1996 Serious riots in Quebec City

2000's

  • 2001 On September 11, four passenger aircraft hijacked, two crashed into the World Trade Center, one into the Pentagon and the fourth in a field in Pennsylvania. 3,025 people were killed
  • 2001 Canada became first country in world to legalize medical marijuana
  • 2003 Shuttle Columbia, exploded upon reentry
  • 2003 Massive power failure in NE US and SE Canada
  • 2004 Four hurricanes hit Florida and southern US
  • 2005 Hurricane Katrina devastates New Orleans
  • 2006 65 miners killed in explosion at coal mine
  • 2007 Heavy rains flood Mexico - 500,000 homeless
  • 2008 Barack Obama elected U.S. President
  • 2009 drug-related killings in Mexico reached 6,500
  • 2010 Explosion aboard oil rig in Gulf of Mexico

Trending on WorldAtlas

This page was last modified on September 19, 2016.