Virginia

Virginia Timeline

1600s
  • (1607) Jamestown, first permanent English settlement established; Indians attacked, killed 1, wounded 11; John Smith captured by Indians
  • (1608) More settlers arrived; John Smith released; fire destroyed all the homes
  • (1611) John Rolfe introduces his tobacco seeds
  • (1612) First crop of tobacco exported
  • (1613) Pocahontas captured, brought to Jamestown
  • (1614) John Rolfe and Pocahontas married
  • (1619) 90 women arrived on "brides' ship"; black indentured servants arrived on Dutch ship; first meeting held of Virginia General Assembly
  • (1622) Indian massacre caused the death of 347 colonists, including women and children
  • (1624) King James made Virginia a royal colony
  • (1676) Colonists revolted (Bacon's Rebellion); capitol building and Jamestown settlement burned; Bacon died, supporters hung
  • (1699) Capitol building burned again; town of Williamsburg
  • established, designated as capital
1700s
  • (1747) Williamsburg capital destroyed by fire
  • (1754) French and Indian War began; General George Washington led militia into battle
  • (1763) French and Indian War ended
  • (1765) Stamp Act passed by King George III, required colonists to buy stamps for newspapers, calendars, marriage licenses; Patrick Henry spoke against Act
  • (1771) Richmond flooded
  • (1773) Committees of Correspondence established
  • (1774) First Continental Congress meeting held; Virginians George Washington and Patrick Henry attend
  • (1775) Patrick Henry delivered his inspirational speech, ending with "Give me liberty or give me death".
  • (1776) Virginian Thomas Jefferson wrote Declaration of Independence; Virginia adopted first constitution; declared its independence
  • (1779) Capital moved from Williamsburg to Richmond
  • (1781) At Yorktown, British forces under General Charles Cornwallis surrendered to the combined French and American forces serving under the command of General George Washington.
  • (1786) Statute of Religious Freedom passed; gave Virginians right to choose religion, church
  • (1788) Virginia became 10th U. S. state
  • (1789) George Washington elected U. S. President
1800s
  • (1801) Thomas Jefferson elected third U. S. President
  • (1804) Meriweather Lewis and William Clark began exploration of western frontier; first Americans to cross continent all the way to Pacific Ocean
  • (1809) James Madison elected fourth U. S. president; known as "Father of the Constitution"
  • (1809) James Monroe elected fifth U. S. president
  • (1809) Nat Turner led slave rebellion against plantation owners; he was captured and hung
  • (1859) John Brown, abolitionist, led group in raid to steal weapons to fight slavery
  • (1861) Virginia seceded from Union, joined Confederacy; Civil War began; first Confederate officer killed at Fairfax Court House; first battle of Manassas, battle of Ball's Bluff, battle of Dranesville
  • (1862) Second battle of Manassas; battle of Chantilly
  • (1863) West Virginia formed from 50 western Virginia counties; battle of Bristoe Station
  • (1865) Civil War ended; Robert E. Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox; Lee and troops forced to leave Richmond; setting fire to bridges along the way
  • (1867) Valuable coal deposits discovered
  • (1870) Virginia re-entered Union; second floor room in Capitol building collapsed above chamber of House of Delegates, 62 killed, 251 injured; James River flooded, many lives lost, 20 homes swept away, damages estimated at $1 million
1900s
  • (1901) Jim Crow laws passed, segregation created
  • (1902) Maggie Lena Walker opened St. Luke Penny Savings Bank for African-Americans
  • (1913) Woodrow Wilson elected U. S. president; proclaimed second Sunday in May Mother's Day
  • (1920) 19th Amendment passed, women received right to vote
  • (1941 - 1943) Pentagon built in Arlington
  • (1941 - 1948) African-American parents, students fought for busing, equal facilities, equal curricula
  • (1950) Desegregation began, first African-American student attended Law School at University of Virginia
  • (1954) Segregation declared unconstitutional
  • (1959) In an effort to refuse integration, Prince Edward County closed all schools
  • (1964) Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel opened
  • (1981) First American test tube baby born in Norfolk
  • (1989) L. Douglas Wilder became first African-American governor of state
  • (1993) 18 tornadoes struck southeast Virginia in four hours, four people killed, 259 injured, damages of $52.5 million occurred
2000s
  • (2003) Over 1 million customers lost electricity due to Hurricane Isabel
  • (2007) 33 students at Virginia Tech massacred by fellow student
  • 400th anniversary of nation's founding held at Jamestown
  • (2007) 400th anniversary of nation's founding held at Jamestown
  • (2009) Sen. Edward (Ted) Kennedy buried at Arlington beside brothers, John and Robert
  • snowstorm killed three, stranded hundreds of motorists
  • (2009) Snowstorm killed three, stranded hundreds of motorists
  • (2010) 11 pirates indicted in Norfolk for attacks on U.S. Navy ships near Somalia
  • (2010) Two members of suspected spy ring, living in Virginia, admitted to being Russian citizens
  • (2011) Two people killed in shooting at Virginia Tech
  • (2011) Earthquake in Virginia damaged buildings in Washington, DC
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Virginia Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Parksley Accomack 757
Charlottesville Albemarle 434
Alexandria Alexandria City 703
Clifton Forge Alleghany 540
Amelia Court House Amelia 804
Madison Heights Amherst 434
Appomattox Appomattox 434
Arlington Arlington 703
Stuarts Draft Augusta 540
Hot Springs Bath 540
Forest Bedford 434
Bedford Bedford City 540
Bland Bland 276
Troutville Botetourt 540
Bristol Bristol 276
Lawrenceville Brunswick 434
Grundy Buchanan 276
Scottsville Buckingham 434
Buena Vista Buena Vista City 540
Rustburg Campbell 434
Ruther Glen Caroline 804
Hillsville Carroll 276
Charles City Charles City 804
Keysville Charlotte 434
Charlottesville Charlottesville City 434
Chesapeake Chesapeake City 757
Richmond Chesterfield 804
Berryville Clarke 540
Colonial Heights Colonial Heights City 804
Covington Covington City 540
New Castle Craig 540
Culpeper Culpeper 540
Cumberland Cumberland 804
Danville Danville City 434
Clintwood Dickenson 276
Dinwiddie Dinwiddie 804
Emporia Emporia City 434
Tappahannock Essex 804
Alexandria Fairfax 703
Falls Church Fairfax 703
Springfield Fairfax 703
Fairfax Fairfax 703
Fairfax City Fairfax City 703
Falls Church Falls Church City 703
Warrenton Fauquier 540
Floyd Floyd 540
Palmyra Fluvanna 434
Rocky Mount Franklin 540
Franklin Franklin City 757
Winchester Frederick 540
Fredericksburg Fredericksburg City 540
Galax Galax City 276
Pearisburg Giles 540
Gloucester Gloucester 804
Goochland Goochland 804
Independence Grayson 276
Ruckersville Greene 434
Jarratt Greensville 434
South Boston Halifax 434
Hampton Hampton City 757
Mechanicsville Hanover 804
Harrisonburg Harrisonburg City 540
Henrico Henrico 804
Martinsville Henry 276
Monterey Highland 540
Hopewell Hopewell City 804
Smithfield Isle of Wight 757
Williamsburg James City 757
Saint Stephens Church King and Queen 804
King George King George 540
Aylett King William 804
Lancaster Lancaster 804
Jonesville Lee 276
Lexington Lexington City 540
Ashburn Loudoun 703
Louisa Louisa 540
Victoria Lunenburg 434
Lynchburg Lynchburg City 434
Madison Madison 540
Manassas Manassas City 703
Manassas Park Manassas Park City 703
Martinsville City Martinsville City 276
Mathews Mathews 804
South Hill Mecklenburg 434
Saluda Middlesex 804
Blacksburg Montgomery 540
Afton Nelson 540
Quinton New Kent 804
Newport News Newport News City 757
Norfolk Norfolk City 757
Cape Charles Northampton 757
Heathsville Northumberland 804
Norton Norton City 276
Blackstone Nottoway 434
Locust Grove Orange 540
Luray Page 540
Stuart Patrick 276
Petersburg Petersburg City 804
Chatham Pittsylvania 434
Poquoson Poquoson City 757
Portsmouth Portsmouth City 757
Powhatan Powhatan 804
Farmville Prince Edward 434
Prince George Prince George 804
Manassas Prince William 703
Woodbridge Prince William 703
Pulaski Pulaski 540
Radford Radford City 540
Sperryville Rappahannock 540
Warsaw Richmond 804
Richmond Richmond City 804
Roanoke Roanoke 540
Roanoke Roanoke City 540
Raphine Rockbridge 540
Elkton Rockingham 540
Lebanon Russell 276
Salem Salem 540
Gate City Scott 276
Strasburg Shenandoah 540
Marion Smyth 276
Courtland Southampton 757
Fredericksburg Spotsylvania 540
Stafford Stafford 540
Staunton Staunton City 540
Suffolk Suffolk City 757
Surry Surry 757
Waverly Sussex 804
Bluefield Tazewell 276
Virginia Beach Virginia Beach City 757
Front Royal Warren 540
Abingdon Washington 276
Waynesboro Waynesboro City 540
Colonial Beach Westmoreland 804
Williamsburg Williamsburg City 757
Winchester Winchester City 540
Big Stone Gap Wise 276
Wytheville Wythe 276
Yorktown York 757