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Virginia

Virginia Description

The opposition was based on fears of ending - the then legal importation of African slaves - an economic institution upon which the small farmers and plantation owners depended. Regardless, Virginia narrowly ratified the Constitution on June 25, 1788, and became the tenth state to join the Union.

On the victorious side at war's end, Virginia's economy was still suffering badly. Virginians by the thousands moved further inland looking for new opportunities and financial recovery. Helpful in the state's eventual recovery was the fact that from the end of the Revolutionary War, up to the mid-1850's, seven native sons of Virginia were elected President of the United States, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and James Monroe.

abraham lincolnWith the spotlight now shining on Virginia, and a long-series of friends (so to speak) in the Whitehouse, over time, in addition to the flourishing tobacco fields, agricultural, iron and textile industries developed, supported by new roads and the expanding railroad network across America. Trade with many of the states, and with Europe and South America soon propelled Virginia into an economic powerhouse.

On the negative side, much of Virginia's attitude toward slavery became a thorn in its side. The plight of black slaves in the southern states was a growing controversial issue, and that moral dispute between the northern and southern states finally peaked in early 1861, and America's Civil War was about to begin.

Slavery and state sovereignty, or States' Rights, fueled the desire for independence across the south. By February of 1861, six southern states had already seceded from the Union, and in Virginia a convention was staged to discuss the possibilties.

On April 12, 1861, Confederate batteries at Charleston, South Carolina, opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. The small Union force surrendered the next day. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War; the fire was now lite; President Lincoln called for a Union response, and on April 17, 1861, Virginia seceded from the Union.

On May 29, the Confederacy moved their capital (the southern White House) from Montgomery, Alabama to Richmond. The following day, the Union army slid into northern Virginia and captured Alexandria without much of a fight. Virginia would shortly become the central battleground of the disastrous Civil War.

robert e lee At that time the western regions of Virginia, politically and socially removed from the east, (mainly because of slavery) voted to secede from Virginia. West Virginia was admitted to the Union in 1863, and for the most part, suffered little during America's most disastrous conflict.

More major battles of the Civil War were fought in Virginia than in any other state. Ironically, the first and last significant battles were staged in Virginia; the battle of Manassas was the first, and the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse the last.

The war finally ended for a variety of reasons, but most historians seem to agree that the North's overwhelming force, Sherman's March to the Sea, and the fall of Atlanta played major roles. Robert E. Lee (born in Virginia), a brilliant soldier and the most celebrated general of the Confederate forces finally surrendered his army on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Courthouse.

At war's end, in their final hopeless act, the retreating Confederate Army set fire to Richmond. In short order the U.S. Congress placed all of the south under military rule and reconstruction began. Virginia was readmitted to the Union on January 26, 1870.

Virginia Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Parksley Accomack 757
Charlottesville Albemarle 434
Alexandria Alexandria City 703
Clifton Forge Alleghany 540
Amelia Court House Amelia 804
Madison Heights Amherst 434
Appomattox Appomattox 434
Arlington Arlington 703
Stuarts Draft Augusta 540
Hot Springs Bath 540
Forest Bedford 434
Bedford Bedford City 540
Bland Bland 276
Troutville Botetourt 540
Bristol Bristol 276
Lawrenceville Brunswick 434
Grundy Buchanan 276
Scottsville Buckingham 434
Buena Vista Buena Vista City 540
Rustburg Campbell 434
Ruther Glen Caroline 804
Hillsville Carroll 276
Charles City Charles City 804
Keysville Charlotte 434
Charlottesville Charlottesville City 434
Chesapeake Chesapeake City 757
Richmond Chesterfield 804
Berryville Clarke 540
Colonial Heights Colonial Heights City 804
Covington Covington City 540
New Castle Craig 540
Culpeper Culpeper 540
Cumberland Cumberland 804
Danville Danville City 434
Clintwood Dickenson 276
Dinwiddie Dinwiddie 804
Emporia Emporia City 434
Tappahannock Essex 804
Alexandria Fairfax 703
Falls Church Fairfax 703
Springfield Fairfax 703
Fairfax Fairfax 703
Fairfax City Fairfax City 703
Falls Church Falls Church City 703
Warrenton Fauquier 540
Floyd Floyd 540
Palmyra Fluvanna 434
Rocky Mount Franklin 540
Franklin Franklin City 757
Winchester Frederick 540
Fredericksburg Fredericksburg City 540
Galax Galax City 276
Pearisburg Giles 540
Gloucester Gloucester 804
Goochland Goochland 804
Independence Grayson 276
Ruckersville Greene 434
Jarratt Greensville 434
South Boston Halifax 434
Hampton Hampton City 757
Mechanicsville Hanover 804
Harrisonburg Harrisonburg City 540
Henrico Henrico 804
Martinsville Henry 276
Monterey Highland 540
Hopewell Hopewell City 804
Smithfield Isle of Wight 757
Williamsburg James City 757
Saint Stephens Church King and Queen 804
King George King George 540
Aylett King William 804
Lancaster Lancaster 804
Jonesville Lee 276
Lexington Lexington City 540
Ashburn Loudoun 703
Louisa Louisa 540
Victoria Lunenburg 434
Lynchburg Lynchburg City 434
Madison Madison 540
Manassas Manassas City 703
Manassas Park Manassas Park City 703
Martinsville City Martinsville City 276
Mathews Mathews 804
South Hill Mecklenburg 434
Saluda Middlesex 804
Blacksburg Montgomery 540
Afton Nelson 540
Quinton New Kent 804
Newport News Newport News City 757
Norfolk Norfolk City 757
Cape Charles Northampton 757
Heathsville Northumberland 804
Norton Norton City 276
Blackstone Nottoway 434
Locust Grove Orange 540
Luray Page 540
Stuart Patrick 276
Petersburg Petersburg City 804
Chatham Pittsylvania 434
Poquoson Poquoson City 757
Portsmouth Portsmouth City 757
Powhatan Powhatan 804
Farmville Prince Edward 434
Prince George Prince George 804
Manassas Prince William 703
Woodbridge Prince William 703
Pulaski Pulaski 540
Radford Radford City 540
Sperryville Rappahannock 540
Warsaw Richmond 804
Richmond Richmond City 804
Roanoke Roanoke 540
Roanoke Roanoke City 540
Raphine Rockbridge 540
Elkton Rockingham 540
Lebanon Russell 276
Salem Salem 540
Gate City Scott 276
Strasburg Shenandoah 540
Marion Smyth 276
Courtland Southampton 757
Fredericksburg Spotsylvania 540
Stafford Stafford 540
Staunton Staunton City 540
Suffolk Suffolk City 757
Surry Surry 757
Waverly Sussex 804
Bluefield Tazewell 276
Virginia Beach Virginia Beach City 757
Front Royal Warren 540
Abingdon Washington 276
Waynesboro Waynesboro City 540
Colonial Beach Westmoreland 804
Williamsburg Williamsburg City 757
Winchester Winchester City 540
Big Stone Gap Wise 276
Wytheville Wythe 276
Yorktown York 757
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.