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Virginia

Virginia Description

Two-thirds of the colonists survived, and over the next twenty-some years the local power struggle continued. After years of Indian losses, the Powhatan leader, Chief Opechancanough, was tricked into capture; then murdered in prison. The Colonists continued to grow stronger and the remaining Powhatan tribes were greatly subdued.
In 1624, England's King revoked the Virginia Company's charter and the colony was transferred to royal authority as a crown colony; a governor was appointed and further inland expansion (north and west) began aggressively.

thomas jeffersonOver the next century the struggles of the Virginia Colony continued; land holdings escalated; population grew; disease, hurricanes and on-going Indian massacres killed hundreds; slave holdings multiplied; Jamestown statehouse was burned, rebuilt, then burned again; new cities and educational institutions were founded; governors came - governors went; the capital of the colony moved to Williamsburg; religious groups and factions increased their influence, and through it all, an accomplished, and now experienced group of leaders developed, and the spirit of independence flourished.

By the mid-18th century Virginia's population exceeded 100,000, and as the colony grew in strength and political maturity, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Patrick Henry and others were now poised to play major roles in the future of Virginia and a new country called America.

During this time frame, Great Britain and France continued to fight for dominance in North America. The subsequent French and Indian War (1754-1763) was the last, and conclusive battle. The British were victorious, but plunged into war debt. England's King, in a creative way to pay off that debt, decided to raise tax monies from his new colonies, and that decision was the genesis of the American Revolutionary War.

stamp actEspecially offended by the Stamp Act, powerful land owners, merchants and political leaders in Virginia, and all of England's colonies rebelled. In June of 1776, a committee of the Second Continental Congress consisting of John Adams of Massachusetts, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, Robert R. Livingston of New York, and Roger Sherman of Connecticut (the "Committee of Five") was formed to draft a declaration of independence from Britain.

Church bells rang out across Philadelphia on July 4, 1776.... signaling that the Declaration of Independence was approved and officially adopted and signed in Philadelphia's Independence Hall. 56 men representing varied factions throughout the colonies bravely signed that document, including Thomas Jefferson (its principal author) and 6 others from Virginia.

Throughout the bloody Revolutionary War, the British utilized their naval superiority to capture and occupy coastal cities, but control of the rural areas (where most of the population lived) proved daunting, and difficult. In Virginia, its militia and ordinary citizens fought the British with an unwavering desire for freedom.

After a series of inspiring American victories, France signed treaties with America in 1778, and declared war on Britain, its longtime enemy. The French naval involvement proved decisive, as the British army finally surrendered at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781 to the combined French and American forces under the command of Virginian, General George Washington.

At the end of the Revolutionary War, the states joined together, under the Articles of Confederation - a de facto form of government. As the United States Constitution was being drafted, a "Bill of Rights" was proposed. And because of that, a group led by George Mason and Patrick Henry opposed ratification of that new Constitution.

Virginia Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Parksley Accomack 757
Charlottesville Albemarle 434
Alexandria Alexandria City 703
Clifton Forge Alleghany 540
Amelia Court House Amelia 804
Madison Heights Amherst 434
Appomattox Appomattox 434
Arlington Arlington 703
Stuarts Draft Augusta 540
Hot Springs Bath 540
Forest Bedford 434
Bedford Bedford City 540
Bland Bland 276
Troutville Botetourt 540
Bristol Bristol 276
Lawrenceville Brunswick 434
Grundy Buchanan 276
Scottsville Buckingham 434
Buena Vista Buena Vista City 540
Rustburg Campbell 434
Ruther Glen Caroline 804
Hillsville Carroll 276
Charles City Charles City 804
Keysville Charlotte 434
Charlottesville Charlottesville City 434
Chesapeake Chesapeake City 757
Richmond Chesterfield 804
Berryville Clarke 540
Colonial Heights Colonial Heights City 804
Covington Covington City 540
New Castle Craig 540
Culpeper Culpeper 540
Cumberland Cumberland 804
Danville Danville City 434
Clintwood Dickenson 276
Dinwiddie Dinwiddie 804
Emporia Emporia City 434
Tappahannock Essex 804
Alexandria Fairfax 703
Falls Church Fairfax 703
Springfield Fairfax 703
Fairfax Fairfax 703
Fairfax City Fairfax City 703
Falls Church Falls Church City 703
Warrenton Fauquier 540
Floyd Floyd 540
Palmyra Fluvanna 434
Rocky Mount Franklin 540
Franklin Franklin City 757
Winchester Frederick 540
Fredericksburg Fredericksburg City 540
Galax Galax City 276
Pearisburg Giles 540
Gloucester Gloucester 804
Goochland Goochland 804
Independence Grayson 276
Ruckersville Greene 434
Jarratt Greensville 434
South Boston Halifax 434
Hampton Hampton City 757
Mechanicsville Hanover 804
Harrisonburg Harrisonburg City 540
Henrico Henrico 804
Martinsville Henry 276
Monterey Highland 540
Hopewell Hopewell City 804
Smithfield Isle of Wight 757
Williamsburg James City 757
Saint Stephens Church King and Queen 804
King George King George 540
Aylett King William 804
Lancaster Lancaster 804
Jonesville Lee 276
Lexington Lexington City 540
Ashburn Loudoun 703
Louisa Louisa 540
Victoria Lunenburg 434
Lynchburg Lynchburg City 434
Madison Madison 540
Manassas Manassas City 703
Manassas Park Manassas Park City 703
Martinsville City Martinsville City 276
Mathews Mathews 804
South Hill Mecklenburg 434
Saluda Middlesex 804
Blacksburg Montgomery 540
Afton Nelson 540
Quinton New Kent 804
Newport News Newport News City 757
Norfolk Norfolk City 757
Cape Charles Northampton 757
Heathsville Northumberland 804
Norton Norton City 276
Blackstone Nottoway 434
Locust Grove Orange 540
Luray Page 540
Stuart Patrick 276
Petersburg Petersburg City 804
Chatham Pittsylvania 434
Poquoson Poquoson City 757
Portsmouth Portsmouth City 757
Powhatan Powhatan 804
Farmville Prince Edward 434
Prince George Prince George 804
Manassas Prince William 703
Woodbridge Prince William 703
Pulaski Pulaski 540
Radford Radford City 540
Sperryville Rappahannock 540
Warsaw Richmond 804
Richmond Richmond City 804
Roanoke Roanoke 540
Roanoke Roanoke City 540
Raphine Rockbridge 540
Elkton Rockingham 540
Lebanon Russell 276
Salem Salem 540
Gate City Scott 276
Strasburg Shenandoah 540
Marion Smyth 276
Courtland Southampton 757
Fredericksburg Spotsylvania 540
Stafford Stafford 540
Staunton Staunton City 540
Suffolk Suffolk City 757
Surry Surry 757
Waverly Sussex 804
Bluefield Tazewell 276
Virginia Beach Virginia Beach City 757
Front Royal Warren 540
Abingdon Washington 276
Waynesboro Waynesboro City 540
Colonial Beach Westmoreland 804
Williamsburg Williamsburg City 757
Winchester Winchester City 540
Big Stone Gap Wise 276
Wytheville Wythe 276
Yorktown York 757
This page was last updated on November 21, 2017.