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Tennessee

Tennessee Description

battle of franklin Major battles were fought in Tennessee - many of them Union victories: they included Shiloh; the naval battle at Memphis on the Mississippi River; Battles of Chattanooga and Murfreesboro, and finally ending in the Battle of Nashville, where the Confederates were all but destroyed.

At war's end, the Tennessee legislature approved an amendment to the state constitution prohibiting slavery; they also ratified the Thirteen Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (abolishing slavery), and the Fourteenth Amendment that gave equal protection for all persons under the law.

Andrew Johnson (from Tennessee) was elected Vice President in 1864 and served along side President Abraham Lincoln. He became President after Lincoln's tragic assassination in 1865, and during his term, Tennessee was the first of the seceding states to have its elected members readmitted to the U.S. Congress.

When reconstruction ended, political powers across many of the southern states continually found ways to restrict the civil rights of African Americans, and Tennessee was no exception. Racial tensions and social divisions festered for many years, all legally ended by America's Civil Rights Act of 1964.

franklin d roosevelt As it turned out, the Great Depression of the 1930's was the economic turning point for Tennessee. Jobs were desperately needed, and President Franklin Roosevelt and the federal government answered that call by creating the TVA, or Tennessee Valley Authority. Its goals were to produce electricity for the rural areas and to make the Tennessee River a viable shipping corridor.

At the start of World War II, aluminum to build bombs and airplanes was in short supply, as aluminum plants required massive amounts of electricity. To provide that power, the TVA engaged in one of the largest hydropower construction programs ever undertaken. Early in 1942, when the effort reached its peak, 12 hydroelectric projects and a steam plant were under construction at the same time.

By the time the war ended, the TVA had completed a 650-mile-long navigation channel the full length of the Tennessee River. As a result, the TVA transformed Tennessee into an economic powerhouse, and the state became the largest public utility supplier in the country.

In the middle of the 20th century, the Tennessee River Valley exploded with economic growth; unemployment was almost nonexistent; family farms and commercial forests were in better shape than they had been in generations, and electric rates were among the nation's lowest. Improving on the situation, the TVA began to build nuclear plants as a new source of power for the future.

nashville tennessee Renowned as the "Birthplace of the Blues;" the home of Elvis Presley, and of course, for Nashville and the Grand Ole Opry, Tennessee is rightfully known as the Country Music Capital of the World. Tennessee is one of America's most popular tourist destinations, as it perfectly represents the natural beauty and history of America, as well as the music legends that made this state famous.

The unforgettable beauty and charm of Tennessee begins along the historic Mississippi River, then moves east across miles of farmland, to blend into the bluegrass valleys and powerful rivers at its heart. It ends (all to soon), in the misty hollows and forests of the Great Smoky Mountains.

Tennessee Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Oak Ridge Anderson 865
Shelbyville Bedford 931
Camden Benton 731
Pikeville Bledsoe 423
Maryville Blount 865
Cleveland Bradley 423
La Follette Campbell 423
Woodbury Cannon 615
McKenzie Carroll 731
Elizabethton Carter 423
Ashland City Cheatham 615
Henderson Chester 731
Tazewell Claiborne 423
Celina Clay 931
Newport Cocke 423
Manchester Coffee 931
Bells Crockett 731
Crossville Cumberland 931
Nashville Davidson 615
Parsons Decatur 731
Smithville DeKalb 615
Dickson Dickson 615
Dyersburg Dyer 731
Somerville Fayette 901
Jamestown Fentress 931
Winchester Franklin 931
Humboldt Gibson 731
Pulaski Giles 931
Rutledge Grainger 865
Greeneville Greene 423
Tracy City Grundy 931
Morristown Hamblen 423
Chattanooga Hamilton 423
Sneedville Hancock 423
Bolivar Hardeman 731
Savannah Hardin 731
Rogersville Hawkins 423
Brownsville Haywood 731
Lexington Henderson 731
Paris Henry 731
Centerville Hickman 931
Erin Houston 931
Waverly Humphreys 931
Gainesboro Jackson 931
Dandridge Jefferson 865
Mountain City Johnson 423
Knoxville Knox 865
Tiptonville Lake 731
Ripley Lauderdale 731
Lawrenceburg Lawrence 931
Hohenwald Lewis 931
Fayetteville Lincoln 931
Lenoir City Loudon 865
Lafayette Macon 615
Jackson Madison 731
Whitwell Marion 423
Lewisburg Marshall 931
Columbia Maury 931
Athens McMinn 423
Selmer McNairy 731
Decatur Meigs 423
Madisonville Monroe 423
Clarksville Montgomery 931
Lynchburg Moore 931
Wartburg Morgan 423
Union City Obion 731
Livingston Overton 931
Linden Perry 931
Byrdstown Pickett 931
Benton Polk 423
Cookeville Putnam 931
Dayton Rhea 423
Harriman Roane 865
Springfield Robertson 615
Murfreesboro Rutherford 615
Oneida Scott 423
Dunlap Sequatchie 423
Sevierville Sevier 865
Memphis Shelby 901
Carthage Smith 615
Dover Stewart 931
Kingsport Sullivan 423
Hendersonville Sumner 615
Covington Tipton 901
Hartsville Trousdale 615
Erwin Unicoi 423
Maynardville Union 865
Spencer Van Buren 931
McMinnville Warren 931
Johnson City Washington 423
Waynesboro Wayne 931
Martin Weakley 731
Sparta White 931
Franklin Williamson 615
Lebanon Wilson 615
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.